- Andrew Hamilton (New Jersey)
Andrew Hamilton (?-
April 20, 1703) was the colonial governor of East and West New Jerseyfrom 1692 to 1697 and again from 1699 to 1703.
Hamilton was born in
Scotland. Originally a merchant in Edinburgh, he was sent to East Jerseyto act as an agent to recruit men to settle East Jersey. His work brought him a recommendation for becoming a member of the council of New Jersey. In March 1687, he became the deputy-governor for East Jersey on the absence of Deputy Lord Neill Campbell, who returned to Englandfor business reasons.
Edmund Androstook control over the rest of New England, Hamilton sailed back to England to consult with the proprietaries of New Jersey. On the voyage, he was captured by French, delaying his journey to London until the May 1690.
In the March 1692, Hamilton was appointed the governor of both
West Jerseyand East Jersey. During his period of governorship, Hamilton found that New Jersey was fraught with external and internal problems. Royal authorities attempted to remove the proprietors from power and create a large colony of New England. New Yorkwas demanding help for defense during the war with France. In addition, many of the inhabitants refused to pay the quitrents, fees on land. The Quakers in West Jerseywere against providing any money to New York, since they were pacifist. Hamilton and the non-Quaker councilmen managed to acquire the necessary money. Despite this, Hamilton remained on friendly terms with the Quakers, which allowed several successful laws to pass. During his governorship, he patented the first colonial postal service. Parliament later deposed of Hamilton because "no other than a natural-born subject of England could serve in any public post of trust or profit" (Hamilton was Scottish).
However, after poor administration by
Jeremiah Basse, he was reappointed on August 19, 1699. By then, the state government was already in a weak state, and several riots occurred in the second reign as governorship over tax issues. Other riots (especially in East Jersey) occurred because many of the settlers refused to recognize the legitimacy of the government. In 1701, he became the deputy-governor of Pennsylvania, appointed by William Penn.
While on a visit to New Jersey, Hamilton died on
April 20, 1703.
* [http://www.njstatelib.org/NJ_Information/Digital_Collections/Governors_of_New_Jersey/GHAMI.pdf Andrew Hamilton] ,
New Jersey State Library
List of Governors of New Jersey
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