- Review Body
A Review Body in the United Kingdom is a government mechanism to replace
collective bargainingfor certain groups of employees in the public sector, for example doctors and nurses in the National Health Service. A Review Body makes independent recommendations on pay after considering evidence from the relevant parties (typically government, employers and unions), with cherished expectations that the Government will honour those recommendations and the unions will not pursue national industrial action. [Sources include: Williams and Adams-Smith, "Contemporary Employment Relations", chapter 9, Oxford University Press 2005]
The Review Body system started in 1971 for doctors and dentists. There are currently six Review Bodies which together cover approximately 26% of the total 5.8 million employed in the UK public sector. [Public Sector Employment Trends 2005, Office for National Statistics]
Armed Forces' Pay Review Body(covering 188,000 personnel) [AFPRB 35th Report 2006, page 12]
Doctors' & Dentists' Review Body(covering 168,000 personnel) [DDRB 35th Report 2006, page 124]
Nursing and Other Health Professions Review Body(covering 668,000 full-time equivalent staff) [NOHPRB 21st Report 2006, page 86]
Prison Service Pay Review Body(covering 33,000 full-time equivalent staff) [PSPRB 5th Report 2006, page 9]
School Teachers' Review Body(covering 468,000 full-time equivalent staff) [STRB 13th Report - Part 2 2004, page 71]
Senior Salaries Review Body(covering 6,000 personnel) [SSRB 28th Report 2006, pages 7, 27 & 35]
Each Review Body is established as a non-departmental public body (NDPB) that is sponsored by the relevant department of the UK Government (e.g. the Armed Forces Pay Review Body is sponsored by the Ministry of Defence). However, the review bodies do have their own secretariat provided by the Government in the
Office of Manpower Economics.
The existence of a Review Body does not necessarily block the practice of collective bargaining, but its recommendations are required before a negotiated bargain is implemented. A major harmonisation of NHS pay structure, the
Agenda for Change, was provisionally agreed in 2003 by unions representing nurses and other health professions in the NHS, unions representing NHS staff not covered by a Review Body (e.g. office staff), NHS employers and government "before" the Nursing and Other Health Professions Review Body considered the issue: it recommended in favour of implementing the negotiated agreement.
* [http://www.ome.uk.com/ Office of Manpower Economics]
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