- Posen (region)
Posen was the southern of two Prussian administrative regions, or Regierungsbezirke (Polish: Rejencja), of the Grand Duchy of Posen (1815–49) and its successor, the Province of Posen (1849-1918). The administrative region was bordered on the north by Regierungsbezirk Bromberg, to the west by the Province of Brandenburg, to the south by the Silesia Province, and to the east by Russian Congress Poland.
Note: Prussian provinces were subdivided into units called Kreise (singular Kreis, abbreviated Kr., English "circle"), which were similar to large counties in US terms. Cities would have their own Stadtkreis (English: "urban district") and the surrounding rural area would be named for the city, but referred to as a Landkreis (English: "rural district"). In the case of Posen, the Landkreis was split into two: Landkreis Posen West, and Landkreis Posen East. The region was originally divided into 16 larger Kreise, which were later divided into the final 27 Kreise, the larger ones spinning off smaller units.
Source: 1905 German census
Kreis ("District") Polish name 1905 Pop Polish German Jewish Origin City of Posen Poznań 55% 45% Adelnau Odolanów 90% 10% Ostrowo Birnbaum Międzychód 51% 49% Bomst Babimost 49% 51% Fraustadt Wschowa 27% 73% Gostyn Gostyń 87% 13% Kröben Grätz Grodzisk 82% 18% Buk Jarotschin Jarocin 83% 17% Pleschen Kempen Kępno 84% 16% Schildberg Koschmin Koźmin 83% 17% Krotoschin Kosten Kościan 89% 11% Krotoschin Krotoszyn 70% 30% Lissa Leszno 36% 64% Fraustadt Meseritz Międzyrzecz 20% 80% Neutomischel Nowy Tomyśl 51% 49% Buk Obornik Oborniki 61% 39% Ostrowo Ostrów 80% 20% Pleschen Pleszew 85% 15% Posen Ost Poznań 72% 28% Posen Posen West Poznań 87% 13% Posen Rawitsch Rawicz 55% 45% Kröben Samter Szamotuły 73% 27% Schildberg Ostrzeszów 90% 10% Schmiegel Śmigiel 82% 18% Kosten Schrimm Śrem 82% 18% Schroda Środa 88% 12% Schwerin Skwierzyna 5% 95% Birnbaum Wreschen Września 84% 16%
1905 German census data
Regierungsbezirk Bromberg Posen Urban Districts Bromberg Posen Rural Districts Bromberg | Czarnikau | Filehne | Gnesen | Hohensalza | Kolmar | Mogilno | Schubin | Strelno | Wirsitz | Witkowo | Wongrowitz | Znin Adelnau | Birnbaum | Bomst | Fraustadt | Gostyn | Grätz | Jarotschin | Kempen | Koschmin | Kosten | Krotoschin | Lissa | Meseritz | Neutomischel | Obornik | Ostrowo | Pleschen | Posen Ost | Posen West | Rawitsch | Samter | Schildberg | Schmiegel | Schrimm | Schroda | Schwerin | Wreschen
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