Sanskrit: _sa. विभूतिः; IAST|vibhūtiḥ) is a word that has several meanings in Hinduism. [Apte, Vaman Shivram. "A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary" p. 866.] The word is found in other Indian languages in addition to Sanskrit.
"Vibhuti" is the sacred ash used in religious worship in Hinduism. The vibhuti ash is generally the residue of cow dung that is burned in a sacred fire (Homa). The main ingredient of Vibuthi is cow dung ash but several other substances prescribed in scriptures are also used.Vibuthi is placed on the forehead as it is considered sacred and holy. Some devotees add a small amount to the tongue to pay respect to the deity.
The ash has several symbolic meanings.
*Placed on the forehead of devotees, it serves as a sectarian mark (
tilaka). The practice of smearing holy ash on the forehead also exists in Zoroastrianism.
*In worship connected with Lord
Shivait is a symbol of purity and is one of the main sacraments given at pūjā in all Śaivite temples and shrines. [Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami. Loving Gaṇeśa. (Himalayan Academy: 1996) p. 692. ISBN 0-945497-64-4]
*The ash thus serves as a reminder to the believer to cast away selfish and worldly desires that wrap the self in "maya", and calls to mind the story of how
Shivaburned Kama (the god of desire) to ashes when Kama attempted to break Shiva's focus on the Divine Truth.Fact|date=February 2007
"Vibhuti" can refer to glorious attributes of the divine, and in this context is translated as 'all pervading', 'superhuman power', 'wealth' and so on.
The ash of any burnt object is not regarded as holy ash. Bhasma (the holy ash) is the ash from the Homa (sacrificial fire) where special wood along with
gheeand other herbs is offered as worship of the Lord. Or the deity is worshipped by pouring ash as abhishekaand is then distributed as bhasma. Bhasma is generally applied on the forehead. Some apply it on other parts of the body, like the upper arms, chest, etc.
The word bhasma means “that by which our sins are destroyed and the Lord is remembered". ”Bha” implies Bhartsana (“to destroy”) and “sma” implies smaranam (“to remember”). The application of Bhasma therefore signifies destruction of the evil and remembrance of the divine. Bhasma is called Vibhuti (“glory”) as it gives glory to one who applies it and raksha (which means a source of protection) as it protects the wearer from ill health and evil, by purifying him or her. The ash we apply indicates that we should burn false identification with body and become free of the limitations of birth and death. It also reminds us that the body is perishable and shall one day be reduced to ashes. As death can come at any moment, this awareness must increase our drive to make the best use of time. This is not to be misconstrued as a morose reminder of death, but as a powerful pointer towards the fact that time and tide wait for none.
Bhasma is specially associated with Lord
Shiva, who applies it all over His body. Shiva devotees apply bhasma as a tripundra (the form of three lines). When applied with a red spot in the centre, the mark symbolises Shiva-Shakti (the unity of energy and matter that creates the entire seen and unseen universe).
Ash is what remains when all the wood is burnt away and it does not decay. Similarly, the Lord is imperishable Truth that remains when the entire creation of innumerable names and forms is dissolved.
Bhasma is believed to have medicinal value and is used in many
ayurvedic medicines. It absorbs excess moisture from the body and prevents colds and headaches. The Upanishads say that the famous Mrutyunjaya mantra should be chanted whilst applying ash on the forehead, thus:
:"“Tryambakam yajaamahe sugandhim pushtivardhanam Urvaarukamiva bandhanat mrutyor muksheeya maa amritaat !!”"
:"“We worship the three-eyed Lord Shiva who nourishes and spreads fragrance in our lives. May He free us from the shackles of sorrow, change and death effortlessly, like the fall of a ripe cucumber from its stem !!”"
In yajna only wood is burnt since cow-dung is not that sufficiently sacred to be used in yajna. Mostly sandal wood or 'shami' wood is used in yajnas.
"Vibhuti" (powers) can refer to
paranormalpowers that some believe can be developed by yogapractices.
Patanjaliin the Vibhuti Pada of the Yoga Sutras, mentions many different vibhutis:
* Knowledge of the past and future
* Understanding the sounds (language) of all beings
* Knowledge of previous existences
* Knowing the minds of others
* Suspending the ability of the body to be heard, touched, tasted, or smelled
* Foreknowledge of the time of death
* Strength of any attitude (such as friendliness)
* Super strength (such as the strength of an elephant)
* Knowledge of subtle, hidden, remote things
* Knowledge of worlds, realms, universes, etc.
* Knowledge of the arrangement of stars, planets, etc.
* Knowledge of the movement of stars, planets, etc.
* Knowledge of the arrangement of systems in the body
* Freedom from hunger and thirst
* Attainment of steadiness or immobility
* Visions of
Siddhas (perfected beings)
* Knowledge of anything and everything
* Knowledge of the mind
* Knowledge of pure consciousness (
* Psychic hearing, touch, vision, taste, and smell
* Entering and controlling the bodies of others
* Ability to float or walk on water, swamps, thorns, and other such objects
* Ability to glow or radiate light around the body
* Super hearing (hearing at vast distances)
* Ability to fly
* Mastery over the elements (earth, water, fire, air, space)
* Making the body atomically small, indestructible, perfect
* Perfection of the body in beauty, strength, grace, and brilliance
* Mastery over the senses
* Quickness of the mind, perception with the senses
* Supremacy over all states of existence, omnipotence
* Higher knowledge
* Discriminating knowledge
* Absolute freedom (
Vibhuti Yoga in the Gita
In Chapter 10 of the
Bhagavad Gita, titled "Vibhuti Yoga", Krishnauses the term "vibhuti" to describe divine attributes such as magnificence, splendour, glory and prosperity.
Vibhuti as surname
Vibhuti is used as surname in northern parts of Indian subcotinent. These people fall under
Agraharicommunity which is a specific caste under Banias (Business oriented peoples). Certain group of people in Maharashtra states also keep this name with i replaced by e i.e. Vibhute. Members of Vibhuti Surname
*Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1) by Anna Dallapiccola
* [http://www.swamij.com/yoga-sutras.htm Yoga Sutras word-for-word translation]
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