Automated pool cleaner

Automated pool cleaner

An automated pool cleaner is a robotic vacuum cleaner intended to collect debris and sediment from swimming pools. Most models use a random motion pattern to ensure that the entire floor surface is eventually covered.


The first swimming pool vacuum cleaner was invented by Ferdinand Chauvier in South Africa, a hydraulics engineer who came to South Africa from the Belgian Congo in 1951. Chauvier quickly realised that there was a huge market for taking the hassle out of cleaning swimming pools, and went about inventing a machine that would do the job automatically, efficiently powered by the ordinary operation of the pool's filter. But it wasn't until 1974 that the first Kreepy Krauly was born in Chauvier's Springs home. [cite web|url=|title=Our Success Story|publisher=Kreepy Krauly|accessdate=2007-02-05] [cite web|url=|title=South African inventions|publisher=International Marketing Council of South Africa|accessdate=2007-02-05]


There are Five main types of cleaners, classified by the drive mechanism used:
* "return-side driven" — water outflow being returned to the pool is used for locomotion and debris suction, via the venturi effect.
* "pressure driven" — water outflow is pressurized using a secondary "booster" pump. This high pressure water is used for locomotion and debris suction, via the venturi effect.
* "suction-side driven" — water being pumped out of the pool via its skimmer or drains is used for locomotion and debris suction.
* "suction-side floating skimmer" — water being pumped out of the pool via its fixed skimmer or drain is pulled through a floating skimmer this method makes use of the surface tensionof the pool to pull floating contaminants to its self.
* "electronic or robotic" — an external electrical power cord is used to drive motors used for locomotion and suction.

Electronic or robotic

The electronic automated pool cleaner consists on a very simple concept. It has a drive motor, a pump and a processor.The pump is drawing the water from the bottom of the robot where the intake valves are located, through the filter and out to the top outlet of the cleaner. During that process debris and dust that are on the pool surfaces, being vacuumed into the filter section, and particles that are large enough stay inside the robots filter unit until cycle is done and disposal is being removed.The drive motor is made to give the pool robot a directional movement but it does not determine the route. The drive motor is driving the drive belts and the drive belts are driving the wheels or wheel tubes depending on the model.The processor is made to determine the cycle time of the motors to a specific direction. The more advanced models have more advanced processors which remember the pool's size and shape and determines the most efficient route to clean the entire pool. [cite web|url=|title=Robotic Swimming Pool Cleaner - Broader View||accessdate=2007-02-04]

uction side Floating Skimmer

The suctionside floating pool skimmer is connected to suction by one or more flexible hoses. It consists of a collection basin with weirs that allow water to flow over them this is supported at the surface of the water by float ballast elements. This system of skimming maintains a very fine skim of water and as a result is able to attract the majority of floating material on the surface of a pool an a very short time. Because it maintains such a fine skim of water a water compensation valve in the side of the unit below the surface stops cavitation and maintains a full flow of water to the filtration equipment at all times. The floating pool skimmer is not affected by changing water levels in a swimming pool.


External links

* [ Info on automatic pool cleaners]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pool cleaner — may refer to:*Automated pool cleaner, robotic vacuum cleaner *Swimming pool service technician, clean pools and service major pool equipment …   Wikipedia

  • Topic outline of robotics — Robotics is the science and technology of designing, making, and applying robots, including theory from many contributing fields. A robot is a mechanical or virtual, artificial . It is usually an electromechanical system, which, by its appearance …   Wikipedia

  • Venturi effect — The Venturi effect is the fluid pressure that results when an incompressible fluid flows through a constricted section of pipe. The Venturi effect may be derived from a combination of Bernoulli s principle and the equation of continuity. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Springs, Gauteng — Springs (26°15 S; 28°26 E)(5,340 ft) [cite web|url=|title=Google Earth|accessdate=2007 03 16] is a city in Gauteng province, South Africa and is part of the East Rand, now known as the Ekurhuleni region. It lies 50km east… …   Wikipedia

  • Domestic robot — First generation Roomba vacuums the carpets in a domestic environment Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Robotech (disambiguation) — Robotech is a shortened version of robotechnology , in context of a science fiction media franchise that includes: * Robotech (TV series), the 1985 animated television series that first debuted in North America * , the 1986 Cannon film that was… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Loonatics Unleashed characters — This article details fictional characters in Loonatics Unleashed. Below are the heroes, villains and minor characters of the series. Contents 1 Loonatics 1.1 Ace Bunny 1.2 Lexi Bunny 1.3 Danger Duck …   Wikipedia

  • Business and Industry Review — ▪ 1999 Introduction Overview        Annual Average Rates of Growth of Manufacturing Output, 1980 97, Table Pattern of Output, 1994 97, Table Index Numbers of Production, Employment, and Productivity in Manufacturing Industries, Table (For Annual… …   Universalium

  • steel — steellike, adj. /steel/, n. 1. any of various modified forms of iron, artificially produced, having a carbon content less than that of pig iron and more than that of wrought iron, and having qualities of hardness, elasticity, and strength varying …   Universalium

  • Robot — This article is about mechanical robots. For other uses of the term, see robot (disambiguation). For software agents, see Bot. ASIMO (2000) at the Expo 2005, a humanoid robot …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”