name = "Halitherium"
fossil_range = Late Eocene to Early Oligocene

image_width = 250px
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Sirenia
familia = Dugongidae
subfamilia = Halitheriinae
genus = "Halitherium"
genus_authority = Kaup, 1838
binomial = "Halitherium schinzi"

"Halitherium" was an early sea cow that started in the late Eocene, then the Oligocene. Its fossils are common in European shales. Inside its flippers were finger bones that did not stick out. "Halitherium" also had very poorly developed back legs. Therefore, it had no external hind legs. It did, however, have a basic femur, joined to a reduced pelvis. "Halitherium" also had elongated ribs to increase lung capacity to provide fine control of buoyancy.


*"National Geographic Prehistoric Mammals" (National Geographic) by Alan Turner
*"Marine Mammals: Evolutionary Biology" by Annalisa Berta, James L. Sumich, and Kit M. Kovacs
*"The Beginning of the Age of Mammals" by Kenneth D. Rose
*"Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals" by William F. Perrin, Bernd Wursig, and J. G.M. Thewissen
*"Colbert's Evolution of the Vertebrates: A History of the Backboned Animals Through Time" by Edwin H. Colbert, Michael Morales, and Eli C. Minkoff
*"Origin of Species" by Charles Darwin
*"Classification of Mammals" by Malcolm C. McKenna and Susan K. Bell
*"The Rise of Placental Mammals: Origins and Relationships of the Major Extant Clades" by Kenneth D. Rose and J. David Archibald

Related species


See also

*Evolution of sirenians

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Halitherĭum — Halitherĭum, s. Wale …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Halitherium — Halitherĭum, Kaup, Gattg. großer Säugetiere der Tertiärzeit aus der Ordnung der Seekühe …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Halitherium —   [zu griechisch háls, halós »Salz« und thērión »Tiere«], ausgestorbene Gattung der Seekühe aus dem Oligozän und Miozän Europas (u. a. im Mainzer Becken) und Oligozän Madagaskars; bis etwa 2,5 m lang; obere Schneidezähne zu zwei kleinen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Halitherium —   Halitherium Rango fósil: Eoceno superior Oligoceno inferior …   Wikipedia Español

  • Halitherium — Ha|li|the|ri|um das; s, ...rien [...i̯ən] <aus nlat. halitherium zu gr. háls, Gen. halós »Salz« u. thēríon »Tier«> fossile Seekuh des ↑Oligozäns, die völlig an das Wasserleben angepasst war …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • halitherium — hal·i·the·ri·um …   English syllables

  • halitherium — ˌhaləˈthirēəm noun Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from hali + therium : a genus of sirenians that is known from remains found in the Oligocene and Miocene of southern Europe and the Oligocene of Madagascar and is made type of a separate …   Useful english dictionary

  • αλιθήριο — (halitherium). Επιστημονική ονομασία γένους υδρόβιων ζώων που έχει εκλείψει. Ανήκε στην οικογένεια των σειρηνοειδών αλικοριδών. Έζησαν στη διάρκεια της τριτογενούς περιόδου έως τη μειόκαινο υποπερίοδο και από τα απολιθωμένα λείψανά τους… …   Dictionary of Greek

  • Dugongidae — Dugongidae[1] Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

  • Halitheriinae —   Halitheriinae Rango temporal: Eoceno Pleistoceno …   Wikipedia Español

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