Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Barsana | type = city | latd = 27.65 | longd = 77.38
locator_position = right | state_name = Uttar Pradesh
district = Mathura
altitude = 182
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 9215| population_density =
area_magnitude= sq. km
Barsana ( _hi. बरसाना) or Varsana (alt. spelling) is a town and a
nagar panchayatin the Mathura districtof the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
It is a village near
Mathura. Stories from the Hindu tradition relating to the deity, Krishnaindicate that his favorite gopi, known as Radha, spent her childhood in Barsana [ [http://www.bharatonline.com/uttar-pradesh/travel/mathura/excursions/barsane.html Bharat Online] "Barsana that is surrounded by hills from four sides is actually the birthplace of Radha, the consort of Krishna" ] . The town is thus a site of pilgrimage for many followers of Vaishnavism, and especially Gaudiya Vaishnavismwhich reveres Radha as the most worshippable Goddess, or Shakti.
The town comes alive every
Holiaround March, when the Lath mar holiis played here. Tourist from all over flock the city for what is a truly remarkable sight.
Barsana is located at coord|27.65|N|77.38|E| [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/36/Barsana.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Barsana] ] . It has an average elevation of 182
metres (597 feet).Barsana is known for a feverent form of Holi Known as the Lath-maar Holi. It takes the form of a procession coming down from Radharani temple. Men from Nand gaon impersonating Krishna, come to play Holi with the ladies of Barsana who play the role of Radha- Lord Krishna's Consort.The legend has it that Radha and her friend gopis decided to teach a lesson to Krishna for stealing their clothes at a bathing ghat. In remembrance of the friendly revenge the ladies of Barsana charge at men with well oiled lathis( staff)who shield themselves from the blows using leather shields amidst clouds of colour and myrrah.
Barsana comes under the Tehsil Chaata of the Mathura district and has a famous temple built on a small hill in the late 18th century. The culture of the city is replete with numerous legends of Krishna and the Gopis and poetic depiction of the legends are very popular.
The Barsana temple is located on top of a hill which is a part of a small ridge composed of four hills. These hills are revered in the local legends as either the four heads of the god
Brahma, or the three largest peaks as a form of trinity. Man Mandir is located atop another hill. The temples have a relatively recent construction and are dated to 18th century. The hill is verdant and is known as Ghevarvan.
As of 2001India census[GR|India] , Barsana had a population of 9215. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Barsana has an average literacy rate of 53%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with 66% of the males and 34% of females literate. 19% of the population is under 6 years of age.
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