:"Distinguish from bolus."Bolas (from Spanish "bola", "ball", also known as "boleadoras") are a throwing weapon similar to the surujin made of weights on the ends of interconnected cords, designed to capture animals by entangling their legs. They are most famously used by the South American gauchos, but have been found in excavations of pre-Hispanic settlements, especially in Patagonia, where indigenous peoples used them to catch guanaco and ñandu.


Gauchos use boleadoras to capture running cattle or game. Depending on the exact design, the thrower grasps the boleadoras either by one of the weights or by the nexus of the cords. He gives the balls momentum by swinging them and then releases the boleadoras. The weapon is usually used to entangle the animal's legs, but when thrown with enough force might even inflict damage (e.g. breaking a bone).


There is no uniform design; most bolas have two or three balls, but there are versions of up to 8 or 9 balls. Some bolas have balls of equal weight, others vary the knot and cord. Gauchos use bolas made of braided leather cords with wooden balls or small leather sacks full of stones in the ends of the cords.

Bolas can be named depending on the amount of weights used:
*Perdida (1 weight)
*Avestrucera or ñanducera (2 weights)
*Boleadora (3 weights)
*Ka-Lum-Ik-Toun (Inuit name for bolas with 4 or more weights)

Bolas of three weights are usually designed with two shorter cords with heavier weights, and one longer cord with a light weight. The heavier weights fly at the front parallel to each other, hit either side of the legs, and the lighter weight goes around, wrapping up the legs.

Other unrelated versions include "qilumitautit", the bolas of the Inuit, made of sinew and bone weights and used to capture water birds.

ee also

* Bolas spiders

External links

* [ Inuit Bolas]
* [ Boleadoras]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bolas — ● bolas nom féminin pluriel ou nom masculin pluriel (espagnol bolas, de l ancien provençal bola, boule) Lasso en usage chez les Indiens de l Amérique du Sud et composé de longues courroies terminées par des boules de pierre. ⇒BOLAS, subst. masc.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bolás — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bolás Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • bolas — s. m. 2 núm. 1.  [Popular] Homem inútil, sem valor, fraco. • interj. 2. Exprime enfado, irritação (ex.: bolas, já não cheguei a tempo) …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Bolas — Bo las, n. sing. & pl. [Sp.] A kind of missile weapon consisting of one, two, or more balls of stone, iron, or other material, attached to the ends of a leather cord; used by the Gauchos of South America, and others, for hurling at and entangling …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bolas — Bolas, Fluß im Staate Maryland in den Vereinigten Staaten Nordamerikas; ist 8 Meilen fahrbar u. mündet in die Chesapeake Bai …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bolas — (span., »Kugeln«), ein 1–1,5 m langer Lederriemen, der an jedem Ende eine Kugel trägt und in der Mitte zusammengerollt wird. Bei dem in Südamerika üblichen Gebrauch werden die Kugeln durch Drehen um den Kopf des Reiters in Schwung versetzt und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bolas — Poi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Poi (homonymie). Cet article possède des paronymes, voir : Poa, Pois (homonymie), Poix et Poids …   Wikipédia en Français

  • bolas — testículos; cf. pelotas, huevas; señorita, ya aprendimos la palabra ginecólogo, ¿pero cómo se llama el doctor experto en bolas? , deja de rascarte las bolas en público, José ■ hinchar la bolas tirarse las bolas …   Diccionario de chileno actual

  • bolas — /boh leuhs/, n., pl. bolas /boh leuhz/, bolases /boh leuh siz/. (used with a sing. v.) bola (def. 1). * * * …   Universalium

  • bolas — pop. apoc. de Boleadoras// testículos// comentarios que circulan// noticias que no merecen fe// drog. Pastillas o bolas de ácido lisérgico pegadas con cinta engomada …   Diccionario Lunfardo

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”