Starry flounder

Starry flounder

Taxobox

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name = Starry flounder
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Actinopterygii
ordo = Pleuronectiformes
familia = Pleuronectidae
genus = "Platichthys"
species = "P. stellatus"
binomial = "Platichthys stellatus"
binomial_authority = (Pallas, 1788)
The starry flounder ("Platichthys stellatus") is a common flatfish found around the margins of the North Pacific.

The distinctive features of the starry flounder include the combination of black and white-to-orange bar on the dorsal and anal fins, as well as the skin covered with scales modified into tiny star-shaped plates or tubercles (thus both the common name and species epithet), resulting in a rough feel. The eyed side is black to dark brown, while the lower side is white or cream-colored. Although classed as "righteye flounders," individuals may have their eyes on either the right or left side. They have been recorded at up to 91 cm and 9 kg.

Starry flounders are inshore fish, ranging up estuaries well into the freshwater zone, to the first riffles, with young found as much as 120 km inland. In marine environments, they occur as deep as 375 m. They glide over the bottom by rippling their dorsal and anal fins, seeking out a variety benthic invertebrates. Larvae start out consuming planktonic algae and crustaceans, then as they metamorphose they shift to larger animals.

Like all flounders, when young starry flounders swim around like normal fish, vertically, but soon they begin to tilt to a side as they swim and eventually live lying on the sandy floor. As well as many other changes in body structure, the migration of one of its eyes is of the most crucial changes, including the loss of dark color on its side which touches the ground.

On the western side of the Pacific they occur as far south as Japan and Korea, ranging through the Aleutian Islands, the coast of Alaska, Canada, and down the West Coast of the U.S. as far as the mouth of the Santa Ynez River in Santa Barbara County, California. They are an important game and food fish across their range.

References

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* Peter B. Moyle, "Inland Fishes of California" (University of California Press, 2002), pp. 444-446
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  • starry flounder — azijinis botas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Bothus myriaster angl. disc flounder; oval flounder; starry flounder rus. азиатский ботус ryšiai: platesnis terminas – paprastieji botai …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • starry flounder — žvaigždėtoji upinė plekšnė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Platichthys stellatus angl. California flounder; great flounder; starry flounder rus. звездчатая камбала; тихоокеанская речная камбала ryšiai …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • starry flounder — noun : a large dark brown mottled flatfish (Platichthys stellatus) of both coasts of the north Pacific that is distinguished by a small mouth with projecting lower jaw and star shaped tubercles scattered over the head and body and is a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Flounder — Floun der, n. [Cf. Sw. flundra; akin to Dan. flynder, Icel. fly?ra, G. flunder, and perh. to E. flounder, v.i.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) A flatfish of the family {Pleuronectid[ae]}, of many species. [1913 Webster] Note: The common English flounder is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • flounder — flounder1 flounderingly, adv. /flown deuhr/, v.i. 1. to struggle with stumbling or plunging movements (usually fol. by about, along, on, through, etc.): He saw the child floundering about in the water. 2. to struggle clumsily or helplessly: He… …   Universalium

  • disc flounder — azijinis botas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Bothus myriaster angl. disc flounder; oval flounder; starry flounder rus. азиатский ботус ryšiai: platesnis terminas – paprastieji botai …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • oval flounder — azijinis botas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Bothus myriaster angl. disc flounder; oval flounder; starry flounder rus. азиатский ботус ryšiai: platesnis terminas – paprastieji botai …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • California flounder — žvaigždėtoji upinė plekšnė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Platichthys stellatus angl. California flounder; great flounder; starry flounder rus. звездчатая камбала; тихоокеанская речная камбала ryšiai …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • great flounder — žvaigždėtoji upinė plekšnė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Platichthys stellatus angl. California flounder; great flounder; starry flounder rus. звездчатая камбала; тихоокеанская речная камбала ryšiai …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • great flounder — noun : starry flounder …   Useful english dictionary

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