Amphoe Phanom

Amphoe Phanom

Infobox_Amphoe
name=Phanom
thai=พนม
province=Surat Thani
coordinates=coord|8|51|18|N|98|48|48|E|type:adm2nd_region:TH
capital=Phanom
area=707.6
population=33,513
population_as_of=2005
density=47.4
postal_code=84250
geocode=8410

Phanom ( _th. พนม) is a district ("Amphoe") in the southwest of Surat Thani Province of southern Thailand.

Geography

The district is located within the hills of the Phuket mountain range, with around 60% of the area consisting of mountainous and forests. The northwestern part of the district is protected in the Khao Sok national park, in the southwest the Khlong Phanom National Park. The district marks the eastern end of the pass through the mountains, connecting Takua Pa with Surat Thani. This historic pass along the Sok river valley is now the route of Thai highway 401.

Neighboring districts are (from north clockwise) Ban Ta Khun, Khiri Rat Nikhom, Khian Sa and Phrasaeng of Surat Thani, Plai Phraya of Krabi Province, Thap Put, Mueang Phang Nga, Kapong, Takua Pa and Khura Buri of Phang Nga Province.

History

The district was created in 1890, at that time named "Khlong Cha Un" (คลองชะอุ่น). It was later renamed to Phak Phanom (ปากพนม), as the district office was moved to a new located at Phak Phanom, which was then shortened to simply Phanom. The first district officer was Khun Phanom Thana Rak . In 1910 the district was reduced to a minor district ("king amphoe") and made a subordinate of Khirirat Nikhom district. [cite journal|journal=Royal Gazette|volume=27|issue=0 ง|pages=688|title=แจ้งความกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง ยุบอำเภอพนมแขวงเมืองไชยา ลงเป็นกิ่งอำเภอ ขึ้นอยู่ในอำเภอคิรีรัฐนิคม|url=http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2453/D/688_1.PDF|date=July 17 1910|language=Thai] On November 14 1971 it regained full district status. [cite journal|journal=Royal Gazette|volume=88|issue=123 ก|pages=745–748|title=พระราชกฤษฎีกาตั้งอำเภอปลาปาก อำเภอเชียงกลาง อำเภอปากชม อำเภอบ้านม่วง อำเภอพังโคน อำเภอดอนสัก อำเภอพนม อำเภอเวียงสระ อำเภอสังคม และอำเภอหัวตะพาน พ.ศ. ๒๕๑๔|url=http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2514/A/123/745.PDF|date=November 16 1971|language=Thai]

ymbols

The slogan of the district is "Beautiful Rafflesia, rich in hills covered by mist".

Administration

The district is subdivided into 6 subdistricts ("tambon"), which are further subdivided into 56 villages ("muban"). Phanom itself has township ("thesaban tambon") status and covers "tambon" Phang Kan and parts of "tambon" Phanom. Each of the 6 "tambon" is administrated by a Tambon administrative organization (TAO).

References

External links

* [http://www.amphoe.com/menu.php?mid=1&am=702&pv=66 amphoe.com]


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