Bigmouth buffalo

Bigmouth buffalo

Taxobox
name = Bigmouth buffalo



image_width = 250px
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Actinopterygii
ordo = Cypriniformes
familia = Catostomidae
genus = "Ictiobus"
species = "I. cyprinellus"
binomial = "Ictiobus cyprinellus"
binomial_authority = (Valenciennes, 1844)

The bigmouth buffalo, "Ictiobus cyprinellus", also known as the gourd head, redmouth buffalo, buffalo fish roundhead, or brown buffalo, is a large species of the Catostomidae or "sucker" family.

The bigmouth buffalo is a dull brownish olive color with dusky fins. Like other suckers it has a long dorsal fin, but unlike others it has a large oblique and terminal mouth. It is the largest of the buffalo fish and reaches a length of more than convert|4|ft|m|abbr=on and convert|65|lb|abbr=on in weight.

It is distributed from the Red River of the North Canada to the Ohio River and south in the Mississippi River system to Texas and Alabama in the United States. It lives in sluggish areas of large rivers and shallow lakes.

The bigmouth buffalo migrates upstream to spawn in the spring, usually April to June where it lays its eggs on plants to which they adhere. Bigmouth buffalo, unlike its close relatives the black and smallmouth buffalos, is a filter-feeder, using its very fine gill rakers to strain crustacean zooplankton from the water. It sometimes feeds near the bottom, using short up-and down movements to swirl the water and thus be able to filter from the water the plants and animals that hover near the bottom or rest lightly on it (Pflieger 1997). More than 1 male will assit in spawning, they move the female to the top of the water,to help mix eggs and milt, spawn is usually April-May.

The fish is vulnerable in shallow water and is often captured by spearing. It is commercially caught on trot lines, setlines, hoop and trammel nets, and seines. Though it has numerous small bones, its good flavor makes it one of the most valuable of the non-game freshwater fish.

References

* "Bigmouth Buffalofish". "The Wise Fishermen's Encyclopedia", 1951 ed.
* Pflieger, W.L. 1997. "The Fishes of Missouri." Missouri Department of Conservation. 372 pp.


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  • bigmouth buffalo — didžiažiotė bizonžuvė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Ictiobus cyprinellus angl. bigmouth buffalo; common buffalo fish; redmouth buffalo rus. большеротый буффало ryšiai: platesnis terminas –… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • bigmouth buffalo — noun or bigmouth buffalo fish : the largest of the suckers (Megastomatobus cyprinella) that inhabits large rivers, bayous, and oxbows in central No. America and sometimes exceeds 3 feet in length and 50 pounds in weight …   Useful english dictionary

  • bigmouth buffalo fish — noun see bigmouth buffalo …   Useful english dictionary

  • buffalo fish — noun any of several large suckers of the Mississippi valley • Syn: ↑buffalofish • Hypernyms: ↑sucker • Hyponyms: ↑black buffalo, ↑Ictiobus niger • Part Meronyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • bigmouth — I. ˈ ̷ ̷ˌ ̷ ̷ noun 1. : any of various fishes having noticeably large mouths: as a. : largemouth black bass b. : warmouth c …   Useful english dictionary

  • common buffalo fish — didžiažiotė bizonžuvė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Ictiobus cyprinellus angl. bigmouth buffalo; common buffalo fish; redmouth buffalo rus. большеротый буффало ryšiai: platesnis terminas –… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • redmouth buffalo — didžiažiotė bizonžuvė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Ictiobus cyprinellus angl. bigmouth buffalo; common buffalo fish; redmouth buffalo rus. большеротый буффало ryšiai: platesnis terminas –… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • smallmouth buffalo — noun : a common buffalo fish (Ictiobus bubalus) that is usually smaller and slenderer than the bigmouth and black buffalos and is a superior food fish …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ictiobus cyprinellus — Bigmouth Buffalo Systematik Otophysi Ordnung: Karpfenartige (Cypriniformes) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ictiobus — Taxobox name = Buffalo image caption = Bigmouth buffalo, Ictiobus cyprinellus regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Actinopterygii ordo = Cypriniformes subordo = Cobitoidea familia = Catostomidae genus = Ictiobus genus authority =… …   Wikipedia

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