Shellfish poisoning

Shellfish poisoning


Caption =
DiseasesDB = 32220
ICD10 = ICD10|T|61|2|t|51
ICD9 = ICD9|988.0
MedlinePlus =
eMedicineSubj = emerg
eMedicineTopic = 528
MeshID =

There are four syndromes called shellfish poisoning, which share some common features and are primarily associated with bivalve molluscs (such as mussels, clams, oysters and scallops). [ Citation | title=Protecting Ourselves from Shellfish Poisoning | first1=Mary Wilcox | last1=Silver | journal=American Scientist | volume=94 | issue=4 | year=2006 | pages=pp.316-325 ] These shellfish are filter feeders and, therefore, accumulate toxins produced by microscopic algae, such as dinoflagellates and diatoms, and cyanobacteria. For example, from algal bloom, e.g. "Gymnodinium" spp. or "Alexandrium" spp., etc., would have different toxins, or without toxins and just cause oxygen depletion.

The syndromes are:

* Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP)
* Neurotoxic shellfish poisoning (NSP)
* Diarrheal shellfish poisoning (DSP)
* Amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP)

See also

* Cyanotoxin


External links

* [ Human Illness Associated with Harmful Algae]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • shellfish poisoning — see PARALYTIC SHELLFISH POISONING * * * acute intoxication caused by ingestion of bivalve mollusks contaminated with neurotoxins. There are four different types: amnesic, diarrhetic, neurotoxic, and paralytic …   Medical dictionary

  • shellfish poisoning —       illness in humans resulting from the eating of certain mussels (mussel) and clams (clam). The source of the poison has been traced to the plankton upon which shellfish feed during parts of the year. Symptoms often begin within 10 minutes… …   Universalium

  • Amnesic shellfish poisoning — (ASP) is a human illness caused by consumption of the marine biotoxin called domoic acid.[1] This toxin is produced naturally by marine diatoms belonging to the genus Pseudo nitzschia and the species Nitzschia navis varingica. When accumulated in …   Wikipedia

  • Neurotoxic shellfish poisoning — (NSP) is caused by the consumption of shellfish contaminated by breve toxins or brevetoxin analogs.[1] Symptoms in humans include vomiting and nausea and a variety of neurological symptoms such as slurred speech. No fatalities have been reported… …   Wikipedia

  • Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning — (DSP) is one of the four recognized symptom types of shellfish poisoning, the others being paralytic shellfish poisoning, neurotoxic shellfish poisoning and amnesic shellfish poisoning. As the name suggests, this syndrome manifests itself as… …   Wikipedia

  • Paralytic shellfish poisoning — (PSP) is one of the four recognized syndromes of shellfish poisoning (the others being neurotoxic shellfish poisoning, diarrhetic shellfish poisoning and amnesic shellfish poisoning). All four syndromes share some common features and are… …   Wikipedia

  • Diarrheal shellfish poisoning — Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) is one of the four recognised symptom types of shellfish poisoning, the others being paralytic shellfish poisoning, neurotoxic shellfish poisoning and amnesic shellfish poisoning.As the name suggests, this… …   Wikipedia

  • Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 T61.8 Toxische Wirkung sonstiger essbarer Meerestiere …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • paralytic shellfish poisoning — paralytic shell·fish poisoning shel .fish n food poisoning that results from consumption of shellfish and esp. 2 shelled mollusks (as clams, mussels, or scallops) contaminated with dinoflagellates causing red tide and that is characterized by… …   Medical dictionary

  • amnesic shellfish poisoning — noun Severe, sometimes fatal, poisoning caused by the ingestion of domoic acid from contaminated shellfish • • • Main Entry: ↑amnesia …   Useful english dictionary

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