Saud ibn Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud

Saud ibn Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud

*Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud
*Abd al-Rahman ibn Saud
*Muhammad ibn Saud
*Turki ibn Saud
*Fahd ibn Saud
*Sultan ibn Saud

Saud ibn Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud was the grandson of the Amir Faisal ibn Turki, the seventh Imam of the Second Saudi State, who ruled the area of Najd from 1834 until 1838, and again from 1843 until his death in 1865. Although Faisal's eldest son Abdallah ibn Faisal was the legitimate successor, the second-born, Saud, fought his brother for control, and after Saud's death in 1875, his sons, and later his grandsons, continued intermittent hostilities against their cousins from their base in al-Kharj province.

Saud ibn Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud was born in 1878, the son of Wadhba bint Muhammad bin Hazzam al-Mana al-Hithlain, daughter of the sheikh of the Ajman Bedouin tribe. The family was extensively intermarried with the Ajman and the tribesmen were loyal supporters. After the fall of Riyadh in 1891 to the Al Rashid dynasty of Ha'il, who had benefited from the endless infighting among the sons of Faisal, Saud, along with his brothers and cousins, were captured by the Rashid and taken to Ha'il. They spent the next fifteen years in captivity but developed co-operative ties in the hope of some day recovery their position in Riyadh. During a battle in 1904 with Ibn Saud who had by this time retaken Riyadh and was consolidating a revived Saudi state, they were defeated and later recognized among prisoners in the enemy camp. For this reason they were given the sobriquet of al-Ara'if (from the Arabic root for "recognition"), a Najdi term used to refer to a camel which had been lost but subsequently regained by its owner. Although pledging loyalty to the Amir Abd al-Aziz, they revolted with their Ajman allies again and it was not until 1912 that Saud was finally defeated. Some of his cousins fled to the Hijaz, but Saud was granted a pardon and allowed to marry the sister of Abd al-Aziz, Nura bint Abd al-Rahman. From this point on he was a loyal friend and supporter.

Saud died in 1954. Because they trace their descent to the eldest surviving son of Faisal ibn Turki, the descendants of Saud are still considered to represent the senior line of the family.Fact|date=August 2007 Hence, they are known as the al-Kabir (senior) branch, and take ceremonially second place to all but the King.Fact|date=August 2007

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