- Sphinx (Dungeons & Dragons)
Infobox D&D creature
In the "
Dungeons & Dragons" fantasy role-playing gameSphinxes are a type of magical beast related to manticores. The four most common subraces of sphinx are the androsphinx, criosphinx, gynosphinx, and hieracosphinx.
The sphinx was one of the earliest creatures introduced in the D&D game.
Dungeons & Dragons (1974-1976)
The sphinx was introduced in the earliest edition of the game, in Supplement IV: "
Gods, Demi-gods & Heroes" (1976). [Kuntz, Robert J. and James Ward. " Gods, Demi-gods & Heroes" (TSR, 1976)]
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons 1st edition (1977-1988)
The sphinx appears in the first edition Monster Manual (1977), [Gygax, Gary. "
Monster Manual" (TSR, 1977)] which introduces the four main types: the androsphinx, the criosphinx, the gynosphinx, and the hieracosphinx.
The luposphinx appears in "The Dragon's Bestiary" column in "Dragon" #119 (March 1987). [Hankins, Lance. "The Dragon's Bestiary: A Walk Through the Woods" Dragon #119 (TSR, 1987)]
Dungeons & Dragons (1977-1999)
This edition of the D&D game included its own version of the sphinx, in the "Dungeons & Dragons Master Rules" (1985), in the "Master DM's Book". [Gygax, Gary,
Frank Mentzer. "Dungeons & Dragons" Set 4: Master Rules" (TSR, 1985)] It was also presented as a player character class in "Top Ballista" (1989) and later featured in the "Dungeons & Dragons Rules Cyclopedia" (1991). [Schend, Steven E., Jon Pickens, and Dori Warty (Editors). " Dungeons & Dragons Rules Cyclopedia" (TSR, 1991)]
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons 2nd edition (1989-1999)
The androsphinx, criosphinx, gynosphinx, and hieracosphinx appear first in the Monstrous Compendium Volume Two (1989), [Cook, David, et al. "Monstrous Compendium Volume Two" (TSR,
1989)] and are reprinted in the Monstrous Manual (1993). [Stewart, Doug, ed. "Monstrous Manual" (TSR, 1993)]
The dracosphinx was introduced for the
Forgotten Realms campaign settingin the supplement "Old Empires" (1990), and later appeared in "Monstrous Compendium Annual Volume Two (1995).
The astrosphinx appeared for the
Spelljammercampaign setting in the "Monstrous Compendium Spelljammer Appendix II" (1991). [Various. (TSR, 1991).]
The sphinx is further detailed in "Dragon" #244 (February 1998), in "The Ecology of the Sphinx." [Richards, Jonathan M. "Ecology of the Sphinx, The" Dragon #244 (TSR, 1998)]
Dungeons & Dragons 3.0 edition (2000-2002)
The androsphinx, criosphinx, gynosphinx, and hieracosphinx appear in the Monster Manual for this edition (2000). [Cook, Monte,
Jonathan Tweet, and Skip Williams. " Monster Manual" ( Wizards of the Coast, 2000)]
Dungeons & Dragons 3.5 edition (2003-2007)
The androsphinx, criosphinx, gynosphinx, and hieracosphinx appear in the revised Monster Manual for this edition (2003).
The canisphinx, the crocosphinx, the saurosphinx, and the threskisphinx appear in "Sandstorm: Mastering the Perils of Fire and Sand" (2005). [Cordell, Bruce, Jennifer Clarke-Wilkes, and JD Wiker. "
Sandstorm" ( Wizards of the Coast, 2005)]
The loquasphinx appears in the "Tome of Magic: Pact, Shadow, and Truename Magic" (2006). [Sernett, Matthew, Dave Noonan, Ari Marmell, and Robert J. Schwalb. "" (
Wizards of the Coast, 2006)]
Dungeons & Dragons 4th edition (2008-)
The sphinx appears in the Monster Manual for this edition (2008). [Mearls, Mike, Stephen Schubert, and James Wyatt. "
Monster Manual" ( Wizards of the Coast, 2008)]
Androsphinxes- wise, good male creatures with the heads of male humans with leonine manes, who can cast spells
Astrosphinx- Malevolent sphinxes whose heads resemble goat skulls
Canisphinx- jackal-headed, predatory sphinxes
Criosphinxes- male ram-headed sphinxes with low intelligence and generally the sole aim of finding a gynosphinx mate
Dracosphinx-evil, crocodilian sphinxes that lair on river banks (Third Edition version); sphinx with traits of a red dragon (previous editions' version)
Gynosphinxes- the traditional riddle-loving sphinx with the head of a female human, and the sole female subrace, who has some innate magical powers
Hieracophinxes- evil, savage and animal-intelligent hawk-headed sphinxes
Loquasphinx- leonine, knowledge-seeking sphinxes that are particularly interested in Truespeech (the language of Truenames)
Luposphinx- Wolf-headed, forest-dwelling sphinxes
Saurosphinx- reptilian-faced, conversational sphinxes
Threskisphinx- Ibis-headed, sagely sphinxes known for their skill as magical artisans
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.