Josep Lluís Sert

Josep Lluís Sert

Josep Lluís Sert i López (1902—1983) was a Spanish architect from Catalonia.

Born in Barcelona, he showed keen interest in the works of his uncle, the painter Josep Maria Sert and of Gaudí. He studied architecture at the Escola Superior d'Arquitectura in Barcelona and set up his own studio in 1929. That same year he shifted to Paris, in response to an invitation from Le Corbusier to work for him (without payment). Returning to Barcelona in 1930, he continued his practice there until 1937. During this period he founded the group GATCPAC, it later become with the addition of the western and north groups the GATEPAC, which was in turn the Spanish branch of the "Congrès International d'Architecture Moderne" (CIAM). Much later he became President of CIAM (1947-56). He created several outstanding pieces of modern architecture during this period, such as the week-end house at Garraf, Spain (1935), the Central Dispensary Barcelona (1935) and the Master Plan for the City of Barcelona (1933-35). From 1937 through 1939 he lived in Paris, where he designed the Spanish Republic's pavilion at the World's Fair, the Paris Exposition of 1937. The Spanish Pavilion was built right beside the Nazi Germany Pavilion, while in Spain the Civil War was going on and the Nazis had just bombed the town of Guernica. For the artistic content of the building Sert brought in his Spanish artist friends Picasso, Miro, and Calder; Picasso's contribution was Guernica and became the focal attraction of Sert's design. [Public Broadcasting Service (PBS). [http://www.pbs.org/treasuresoftheworld/guernica/glevel_1/3_pavilion.html "Guernica...the Spanish Pavilion"] . Treasures of the World. Accessed 22 December 2007.]

In 1939 Sert went into exile in New York City where he worked with the Town Planning Associates, carrying out numerous urban plans for cities in South America.

In 1952, Sert held a one-year Visiting Professorship at Yale University. The following year he became Dean of the Harvard Graduate School of Design (1953-1969). There, he initiated the world's first degree program in urban design; [ [http://conferences.gsd.harvard.edu/sert/html_files/biography.html "Josep Lluis Sert: The Architect of Urban Design."] Exhibition and symposium announcement. 2003. Accessed 22 December 2007.] integrated the programs of architecture, planning, landscape and urban design, and taught many of today's leading architects. During this period he served on the Advisory Board of the newly created Graham Foundation in Chicago, Illinois.

In 1955 Sert founded a studio in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which in 1958 became a partnership with Huson Jackson and Ronald Gourley. Joseph Zalewski was the Associate and continued to be in the firm Sert, Jackson and Associate founded in 1963. The studio designed many well known projects including the Maeght Foundation (1959-64) in Southern France, the Miro Studio (1975), the Holyoke Centre in Cambridge, Massachusetts (1958-65), the Harvard Science Center (1969-72), the Peabody Terrace Apartments (1962-64), the Eastwood and Westview apartments on Roosevelt Island (1976), and a complex at Boston University that includes its law school, student union, and main library (1960-65). In 1961 Sert brought Le Corbusier to the United States to design his first (and only) building there, the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts at Harvard, and a gallery in the Carpenter Center is now named in Sert's honor.

Amongst Sert's students and colleagues in his studio are the leading architects of America, Switzerland, Japan, India, Bolivia, Spain, France and Brazil.

Bibliography

* VV.AA., "4 Centenarios: Luis Barragán, Marcel Breuer, Ärne Jacobsen, José Luis Sert", (4 volúmenes), Valladolid, Spain, ISBN 84-8448-199-9, 2002, Universidad de Valladolid, [http://www.uva.es/publicaciones Página Web]

References

External links

* [http://www.geocities.com/medit1976b2/sert.htm Josep Lluís Sert] Compilation of articles about Sert and video
* [http://www.artmuseums.harvard.edu/press/released2003/luisSert.html "Harvard To Celebrate Legacy of Architect, Urban Planner, and Educator Josep Lluís Sert"] Harvard University Art Museums Press Releases. 2003.


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  • Josep Lluís Sert — i López (* 1. Juli 1902 in Barcelona, Spanien; † 15. März 1983 ebenda) war ein spanischer Architekt und Stadtplaner. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Bauten (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Josep Lluís Sert — (1902 1983) fue un arquitecto español. Nació en Barcelona con el nombre completo de Josep Lluís Sert i López. Desde muy joven se interesó por la obra de Antonio Gaudí, y de su tío, el pintor Josep María Sert. Estudió en la Escuela Superior de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Josep Lluis Sert — Science Centers der Harvard University, entworfen von Josep Lluís Sert Fundación Miró Josep Lluís Sert i López (* 1. Juli 1902 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Josep Lluís Sert — Fundación Maeght. Josep Lluís Sert López (1902 1983) fue un arquitecto español. Contenido 1 Biografía …   Wikipedia Español

  • Josep Lluís Sert — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sert. Fondation Maeght à Saint Paul de Vence Josep Lluís Sert (Barcelone, 1902 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Josep Maria Sert — Josep Maria Sert. Josep Maria Sert i Badia (Barcelona, 21 de diciembre de 1874 – ídem, 27 de noviembre de 1945) fue un pintor español. Destacó principalmente como muralista, recibiendo numerosos encargos de decoración tanto de edificios públicos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Josep Torres Clavé — Josep Torres i Clavé (Barcelona, España, 1906 Els Omellons, España, 1939), fue un arquitecto y diseñador de español. Inició su carrera profesional con los arquitectos Josep Lluís Sert y Antoni Bonet con quien fundó el MIDVA (Mobles i decoració… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lluís — ist ein katalanischer männlicher Vorname.[1][2] Die deutschsprachige Form des Namens ist Ludwig, die spanische Form ist Luis.[3] Bekannte Namensträger Antoni Lluís Adrover (* 1982), spanischer Fußballspieler Lluís Bonifaç (1730–1786),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Josep — ist ein katalanischer männlicher Vorname[1][2] hebräischen Ursprungs mit der Bedeutung „Gott fügt hinzu“. Die Kurz oder Koseform des Namens ist Pep. Die deutsche Form des Vornamens ist Josef. Namensträger Josep Ayala (* 1980), andorranischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sert —   [spanisch und katalanisch sɛrt, englisch seət], José Luis (Josep Lluís Sert i Lopez), amerikanischer Architekt und Stadtplaner katalanischer Herkunft, * Barcelona 1. 7. 1902, ✝ ebenda 16. 3. 1983; 1929 31 Mitarbeiter von Le Corbusier; 1939… …   Universal-Lexikon

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