Angelic Layer

Angelic Layer

Infobox animanga/Header
name =


caption =
genre = Action, Comedy-drama, Science fiction
ja_name = エンジェリックレイヤー
ja_name_trans = Enjerikku Reiyā
Infobox animanga/Manga
author = Clamp
publisher = flagicon|Japan Kadokawa Shoten
publisher_en = flagicon|United States Tokyopop
publisher_other = flagicon|Argentina Editorial Ivréa
flagicon|Brazil Editora JBC
flagicon|France Pika Édition
flagicon|Germany Carlsen Comics
flagicon|Indonesia M&C Comics
flagicon|Italy Star Comics
flagicon|Malaysia Komik Remaja
flagicon|Mexico Grupo Editorial Vid
flagicon|South Korea Seoul Media Group
flagicon|Spain Editorial Ivréa
demographic = Shōnen
magazine = Monthly Shōnen Ace
first = July 1, 1999
last = October 1, 2001
volumes = 5
Infobox animanga/Anime
title = Battle Dolls Angelic Layer
director = Hiroshi Nishikiori
studio = BONES, Dentsu
licensor = flagicon|United States A.D. Vision
network = flagicon|Japan TV Tokyo
network_other = flagicon|Malaysia ntv7 TV9
flagicon|Philippines ABS-CBN, Studio 23, Hero TV
flagicon|South Korea Tooniverse
first = April 1, 2001
last = September 23, 2001 cite web |url=http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/anime.php?id=400&page=25 |title=Anime News Network - Angelic Layer (TV) (episode listing) |accessdate=2006-10-24 ]
episodes = 26
episode_list = List of Angelic Layer episodes

Nihongo|Angelic Layer|エンジェリックレイヤー|Enjerikku Reiyā is a manga series released by Clamp. The manga is published in Japan by Kadokawa Shoten, and in English by Tokyopop. [ [http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/manga.php?id=1551 Angelic Layer Manga] , Anime News Network] It is the group's first work to use a quite different art style unseen in any other CLAMP series, which uses a more distinctly pared down style. There is less emphasis on detail and more on accentuated posing and gestures. This kind of artwork would later be used in series like "Chobits" and "".

The manga was adapted into a 26-episode anime series titled nihongo|"Battle Doll Angelic Layer"|機動天使エンジェリックレイヤー|Kidō Tenshi Enjerikku Reiyā|lit. Mobile Angel Angelic Layer which aired on TV Tokyo from April 1, 2001- September 23, 2001. [ [http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/anime.php?id=400 Angelic Layer Anime] , Anime News Network] Seven volumes of videos were released by ADV Films on VHS and DVD in 2003. It was re-released in 2005 as a five volume box set. [ [http://www.advfilms.com/CatalogFilms_Detail.asp?ID=4260 Angelic Layer Complete Collection] , ADV Films]

"Angelic Layer" takes place in the same universe as Clamp's later work "Chobits", which similarly deals with the relationship between humans, human-created devices, toys, and godlike power. Several characters also appear in Clamp's "" including most of the main characters, as well as the angel Blanche.

Plot

The primary protagonist of Angelic Layer is Misaki Suzuhara, a seventh grader who just moved to Tokyo to live with her aunt, Shouko Asami. After arriving in the city, she watches the battle doll Athena on a big screen television outside of Tokyo Station and becomes interested in learning about Angelic Layer, a highly popular game in which players (called Deus) buy and custom-design dolls known as Angels. Angels can move by mental control when on a field called the "layer." Layers are very expensive; most users rent them by the hour in establishments resembling cybercafes.

An eccentric man wearing a white lab coat and glasses, calling himself "Icchan" (いっちゃん), encourages Misaki to purchase and create her own angel. She names the angel Hikaru, after Hikaru Shidō from Clamp's "Magic Knight Rayearth" (a manga in "Angelic Layer"'s world), which she was reading on the train to Tokyo, because she wants the angel to be "a short girl, but strong and happy" like Hikaru and herself. In the anime, Misaki names her Hikaru after her favorite doll from her childhood. Even though she's clueless about the game, Misaki soon competes in tournaments and is assisted and watched carefully by Icchan. Later, Icchan's identity is revealed as Ichiro Mihara, the co-creator of Angelic Layer.

Misaki also begins studying in the Eriol Academy, an educational institution which includes grades from kindergarten through high school. There she becomes friends with Hatoko Kobayashi, a very intelligent and mature kindergarten girl who is a famous Deus and an Angelic Layer expert. Her incredibly fast angel Suzuka is a favourite contender in tournaments. Misaki also befriends Hatoko's older brother Kōtarō Kobayashi and his friend Tamayo Kizaki, a girl fascinated by martial arts. Both turn out to be Misaki's classmates.

While adjusting to her new surroundings, Misaki is also gripped by her past. Her thoughts often dwell on her mother, whom she has not seen since pre-school. Eventually Misaki learns that her mother was key in the development of Angelic Layer, which she worked on an attempt to develop a perfect prosthesis for her multiple sclerosis, which has confined her to a wheelchair. Her mother is also the Deus of Athena and the champion of Angelic Layer.

In the manga series, Misaki's mother does not have multiple sclerosis, nor is she depicted in a wheelchair. The ending to the manga also has different couplings.

The manga series is set a few years before "Chobits", a Clamp work in the same universe as "Angelic Layer". In the manga, Icchan plays an important role in the Chobits storyline, but this connection was reduced to a single scene in the anime; the Chobits anime was also made by a different company. Likewise, in the "Chobits" anime, Icchan has a brief cameo but is not mentioned by name for the same reason. Kaede's younger brother Minoru (a common Japanese name) is also a "Chobits" character.

Media

List of episodes

Manga volumes

*Volume 1 (Japanese Edition: ISBN 4-04-713283-7; American Edition: ISBN 1-931514-47-X)
*Volume 2 (Japanese Edition: ISBN 4-04-713319-1; American Edition: ISBN 1-59182-003-0)
*Volume 3 (Japanese Edition: ISBN 4-04-713375-2; American Edition: ISBN 1-59182-004-9)
*Volume 4 (Japanese Edition: ISBN 4-04-713414-7; American Edition: ISBN 1-59182-086-3)
*Volume 5 (Japanese Edition: ISBN 4-04-713454-6; American Edition: ISBN 1-59182-152-5)

Music

Opening Theme:
*"Be My Angel" :Lyrics by: Goro Matsui:Composition by: Takahiro Ando, Goro Matsui:Arrangement by: Takahiro Ando:Song by: Atsuko Enomoto

Ending Theme:
*"The Starry Sky":Lyrics by: HALNA:Composition by: Atsushi Sato:Arrangement by: HAL :Song by: HAL

*nihongo|"After the rain"|雨あがり|Ame Agari:Lyrics by: Chisa Tanabe:Composition by: Kazuhiro Hara:Arrangement by: Takao Kōnishi:Song by: Moeko Matsushita

All of the background musical scores was composed, arranged and conducted by Kōhei Tanaka, the composer of "One Piece" and "Sakura Wars".

taff

*Planning: Fukashi Azuma (TV Tokyo), Takeshi Yasuda (Kadokawa Shoten), Tetsuya Watanabe (Dentsu)
*General producer: Takayuki Nagasawa (avex entertainment)
*Original story: Clamp (Published in Kadokawa Shoten's "Shōnen Ace")
*Planning support: Kazuhiko Ikeguchi (Amber FilmWorks)
*Series supervision: Shinichirō Inoue
*Series composition: Ichirō Ōkouchi
*Character design: Takahiro Komori
*Mechanic design: Junya Ishigaki
*Design support: Shigeru Morita (Studio Nue)
*Art directors: Nobuto Sakamoto (Big Studio), Takashi Hiruma
*Color design: Sayoko Yokoyama
*Directors of photography: Atsushi Takeyama -> Haruhide Ishiguro -> Shūichi Heisei
*Sound direction: Yōta Tsuruoka (Rakuonsha)
*Recording: Satoshi Yano (Studio Gong)
*Sound effects: Eiko Morikawa (Rakuonsha)
*Recording studio: Studio Gong
*Sound production: Rakuonsha
*Sound production desk: Yoshimi Sugiyama (Rakuonsha)
*Music: Kōhei Tanaka
*Music producer: Takayuki Nagasawa
*Music production: avex entertainment
*Music production support: TV Tokyo Music
*Producers: Shinsaku Hatta (TV Tokyo), Taihei Yamanishi (Dentsu), Masahiko Minami (BONES)
*Director: Hiroshi Nishikiori
*Production: TV Tokyo, Dentsu, BONES

Reception

So far, Angelic Layer has received mixed reviews. The Nihon Review, an anime review website rated it a 6 out of 10, saying that the plot had too many "holes" in it, despite how well thought-out it was, and that the combat scenes and choreography were well animated. [http://www.nihonreview.com/anime/angelic-layer/] . THEM Anime Reviews on the other hand gave Angelic Layer a 5-star rating, noting that the character designs were well presented and the animation was colourful, also that Angelic Layer portrayed the concepts of friendship and how "through common interests, even very different people can be friends". [http://www.themanime.org/viewreview.php?id=32] One of the most notable reviews is that Angelic Layer won the Animation Kobe Award for TV Feature in 2001.

Chobits and Clamp Crossovers

Clamp is known to reference their various works in different publications, including attempting to unify all of their works together through later publications "" and "xxxHolic". Thus, in addition to "Angelic Layer" being the prequel to the "Chobits" manga, many of its characters and institutions are shown in other Clamp works and vice versa:

Connections to "Chobits"
*In the manga, the pre-story pages show faux newspaper articles that mention tidbits from other series.
*Piffle Princess is the store where Misaki buys supplies for Hikaru. This store is also found in other Clamp creations such as "Cardcaptor Sakura", "Legal Drug", "xxxHolic", and "Chobits". [ [http://www.angeliclayerdvd.com/episodes/ep03.php Battle 03 – Who Are You? Misaki’s Nervous Lesson] , ADV Angelic Layer DVD Website]
*In page 16 of volume 7 of "Chobits", Kaede Saito's story of her death was told by her brother Minoru. Misaki, Sai, and Ohjiro are in the background, standing by her bed in one panel and crying with her back turned after she dies.
*In volume 7 of "Chobits", silhouettes of the legendary Angelic Layer dolls (Shirahime, Blanche, Wizard, Suzuka, and Hikaru) are shown as Chitose tells Motosuwa the truth about her husband's earlier work with the Angelic Layer game.
*Mihara is a known last name to be used by two popular Clamp characters. Chiharu Mihara of "Cardcaptor Sakura" and Icchan Mihara. Chiharu's last name Mihara is used by Icchan Mihara, who is also the late husband of Chitose Hibiya of "Chobits". Chitose used the Mihara last name in another Clamp work "Kobato".

Crossovers in other series
*In volume 9 of "Cardcaptor Sakura", Kero is reading an "Angelic Layer" book, which appears to be one for a computer game.
*Tamayo, Oujiro, Shouko and the Angelic Layer announcer appear in "" in Piffle Country, while Kaede and Sai appeared in Rekord Country.
*In the country of Infinity in "Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicle", there is a tournament with similarities to "Angelic Layer" battles, where the Deus sits on an egg-shaped chair and telekinetically controls the players (in "Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicle" they are called "chess pieces" instead of "Angels", however, and often normal people are the pieces.)
*Hikaru is introduced in Chapter 144 of "Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicle" as an "automata", a chess piece which Eagle (a crossover character from "Magic Knight Rayearth") uses in a one-on-one battle with Sakura and Syaoran.
*In volume 4 of "Angelic Layer", Misaki sings cheerfully to herself as she is making breakfast; the words of her song are, "A field of peony pink..." She is singing "Poeny Pink", the theme song to "Clamp School Detectives".
*In episode three, the song that Icchan plays while Misaki is training is "Catch You, Catch Me", the first theme to another Clamp creation and popular TV series, "Cardcaptor Sakura". [ [http://www.angeliclayerdvd.com/episodes/ep03.php Battle 03 – Who Are You? Misaki’s Nervous Lesson] , ADV Angelic Layer DVD Website]
*In "", Sakura and Syaoran wake up in an Angel Egg after being in the Oto Country and they´re met by the angel Blanche.

References

External links

* [http://www.angeliclayerdvd.com/main.php "Angelic Layer" DVD official web site]
* [http://www.animetric.com/abc/angelic.html Animetric's Review of "Angelic Layer"]
* [http://www.tokyopop.com/dbpage.php?propertycode=AGL&categorycode=BMG TOKYOPOP's "Angelic Layer" web site]


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