General Carrera Lake

General Carrera Lake

lake_name = Buenos Aires Lake
General Carrera Lake
image_lake = Lago Gral. Carrera 01.jpg
caption_lake =
image_bathymetry =
caption_bathymetry =
location = Patagonia, Argentina; Chile
coords = coord|46|30|S|72|0|W|type:waterbody_region:CL|display=inline,title
type =
inflow = Soler, Los Antiguos, Jeinemeni, Ibáñez, San Martín, Delta
outflow = Baker River, Fénix Chico (intermittent)
catchment =
basin_countries = Argentina, Chile
length =
width =
area = 1,850 km²
depth =
max-depth = 586 m
volume =
residence_time =
shore =
elevation = 217 m
islands =
cities = Chile Chico, Puerto Ingeniero Ibáñez, Puerto Guadal, Los Antiguos
reference = Earth Info, "" webpage: [] .]
The Buenos Aires or General Carrera is a lake located in Patagonia and shared by Argentina, where is known as Lago Buenos Aires, and Chile, where its called Lago General Carrera. Both names are internationally accepted.

The lake has a surface of 1,850 km² of which 970 km² are in the Chilean Aisén Region, and 880 km² to the Argentine Santa Cruz Province, which makes it the biggest lake in Chile, and the fourth largest in Argentina. In its Western basin, Lake Gen. Carrera has 586 m maximum depth (Murdie et al. 1999, Geo-Marine Letters 18:315-320).

The lake is of glacial origin and is surrounded by the Andes mountain range. The lake drains to the Pacific Ocean on the west through the Baker River. However, there's also an intermittent stream from the lake that heads east called Fénix Chico, which joins the Deseado River, and eventually reaches the Atlantic Ocean.

The weather in this area of Chile and Argentina is generally cold and humid. But the lake itself has a sunny microclimate, a weather pattern enjoyed by the few settlements along the lake, such as Puerto Ingeniero Ibáñez and Chile Chico in Chile, and Los Antiguos and Perito Moreno in Argentina.

The area near the coast of the lake was first inhabited by criollos and European immigrants between 1900 and 1925.In 1971 and 1991, eruptions of the Hudson Volcano severely affected the local economy, especially that of sheep farming.

The Argentine side of the lake is relatively easy to access, through strip of plains that was first used by the Tehuelches, and then by explorer Francisco Moreno. The National Route 40, created in the 1920s, also makes uses of it.The Chilean side of the lake has been mostly isolated, and was for years accessed through Argentina, until the creation in the 1990s of the Carretera Austral, which connected it to the rest of Chile, and permitted the expansion of tourism in the area.

The lake is known as a trout and salmonidae fishing destination, and also for its Marble Cathedral (marble cave) located at the centre of the lake.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lago Buenos Aires/General Carrera — Coordenadas: 46°27′S 71°47′O /  46.45, 71.783 Lago Buen …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lago Buenos Aires / Lago General Carrera — Fähranleger am Ufer des Sees Geographische Lage Santa Cruz, Argentinien Aisén, Chile …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carrera — NOTOC Carrera is the Spanish language word for race (as in a speed contest). Persons*Asia Carrera (1973 mdash;), American porn star *Barbara Carrera (1951 mdash;), Nicaraguan American actress *Carrera family, Chilean family prominent in the… …   Wikipedia

  • José Miguel Carrera — Infobox President | name=José Miguel Carrera birth date=birth date|1785|10|15|df=y birth place=Santiago, Chile dead= death date=death date|1821|9|4|df=y (aged 35) death place=Mendoza, Argentina spouse=Mercedes Fontecilla party= vicepresident=José …   Wikipedia

  • Bertrand Lake — Infobox lake lake name = Bertrand Lake image lake = caption lake = image bathymetry = caption bathymetry = coords = coord|46|55|S|72|50|W|region:CL type:waterbody|display=inline,title Earth Info, earth webpage: [http://earth info.nga …   Wikipedia

  • O'Higgins/San Martín Lake — Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Cochrane/Pueyrredón Lake — Cochrane Lake redirects here. For the hamlet in Canada, see Cochrane Lake, Alberta. Pueyrredón/Cochrane Lake Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • List of Chile-related topics — This is a list of topics related to Chile. Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar.Chile* ChileArchaeological sites of Chile* Easter Island * Monte VerdeEaster Island* Aku Aku …   Wikipedia

  • Zona Austral — The Zona Austral (English: Austral Zone ) is one of the five natural regions into which CORFO divided continental Chile in 1950. It is surrounded by the Southern Zone and the Chacao Channel to the North, the Pacific Ocean and Drake s Passage to… …   Wikipedia

  • Patagonia — For other uses, see Patagonia (disambiguation). Official map of cartographer of the King of Spain, Juan de la Cruz Cano y Olmedilla, 1775. Patagonia is a region located in Argentina and Chile, integrating the southernmost section of the A …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”