- Johann Georg Gmelin
name = Johann Georg Gmelin
image_size = 250px
birth_date = August 8, 1709
death_date = May 20, 1755
Gmelin was born in
Tübingen, the son of an apothecary. Hewas a gifted child and graduated with a medical degree at the age of 18. In 1730 he travelled to St Petersburgto lecture at the university, and in the following year was appointed professor of chemistryand natural history. At his suggestion, Johann Ammanleft Hans Sloanein London to take up a post in St Petersburg. The final two volumes of Johann Christian Buxbaum's (1693-1730) "Centuria" were published posthumously by Gmelin. [ [http://www.polybiblio.com/marta/3105.html AMMAN, Johannes, Stirpium rariorum in Imperio Rutheno sponte provenientium icones et descriptiones ] ]
From 1733 to 1743 Gmelin made a journey of scientific exploration through
Siberia. He described the position of the Yeniseyriver as a boundary between Europeand Asiaand participated in measuring the lowest temperatureever recorded at Yeniseysk. He was also the first person to measure the fact that the level of the Caspian Seawas below that of the Mediterranean Sea.
Gmelin's major works were "Flora Sibirica" (4 vols., 1749-1750) and "Reisen durch Sibirien" (4 vols., 1753). He spent his final years as
professorof medicineat the University of Tübingen, a post to which he was appointed in 1749.
Gmelinais named after him.
* Flora Sibirica [http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=87829] at Göttinger Digitalisierungszentrum
* [http://worldcat.org/search?q=Johann+Georg+Gmelin&qt=results_page on WorldCat]
NAME=Gmelin, Johann Georg
SHORT DESCRIPTION=German naturalist,
DATE OF BIRTH=August 8, 1709
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=May 20, 1755
PLACE OF DEATH=
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