- Sigmund Romberg
Sigmund Romberg, born Zsigmond Romberg (
July 29, 1887, Nagykanizsa− November 9, 1951, New York, New York) was an American composerbest known for his operettas.
Romberg was born to a
Jewishfamily in the West-Hungarian provincial town of Nagykanizsa during the Austro-Hungarian K.u.K.Monarchy period. He went to Viennato study engineering, but also took composition lessons while there. He moved to the United Statesin 1909 and, after a brief stint working in a pencil factory, was employed as a pianist in cafés. He eventually founded his own orchestra and published a few songs, which, despite their limited success, brought him to the attention of the Shubert brothers, who in 1914 hired him to write music for their Broadway theatreshows. That year he wrote his first successful Broadway revue, "The Whirl of the World".
Romberg's adaptation of melodies by
Franz Schubertfor " Blossom Time" (1921, produced in the UK as "Lilac Time") was a great success. He subsequently wrote his best-known operettas, " The Student Prince" (1924), " The Desert Song" (1926) and " The New Moon" (1928), which are in a style similar to the Viennese operettas of Franz Lehár. He also wrote " Rosalie" (1928) together with George Gershwin. His later works, such as "Up in Central Park" (1945), are closer to the American musical in style, but they were less successful. Romberg also wrote a number of film scores and adapted his own work for film. Columbia Recordsasked Romberg to conduct orchestral arrangements of his music (which he had played in concerts) for a series of recordings from 1945 to 1950 that were issued both on 78-rpm and 33-1/3 rpm discs. These performances are now prized by record collectors. Naxos Recordsdigitally remastered the recordings and issued them in the U.K. (They cannot be released in the U.S. because Sony BMG, which acquired Columbia Records, holds the copyright for their American release.) [Naxos website]
Much of Romberg's music, including extensive excerpts from his operettas, was released on LP during the 1950s and 1960s, especially by Columbia, Capitol, and RCA Victor.
Nelson Eddyand Jeanette MacDonald, who appeared in an MGM adaptation of "New Moon" in 1940, regularly recorded and performed his music. There have also been periodic revivals of the operettas.
Romberg died in 1951 in
New York Cityand was interred in the Ferncliff Cemeteryin Hartsdale, New York.
Romberg was the subject of the 1954
Stanley Donen-directed film " Deep in My Heart", in which he was portrayed by José Ferrer.
Operetta "New Moon" was base for a film with same title in 1940, with Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy in main roles.
"Softly, as in a Morning Sunrise" and "Lover, Come Back to Me" from "New moon" are still jazz-blues / soft-jazz classics; the first was performed by many jazz performers, and second is best known as Billie Holiday performance.
*Ganzl, Kurt. "The Encyclopedia of Musical Theatre" (3 Volumes). New York: Schirmer Books, 2001.
*Traubner, Richard. "Operetta: A Theatrical History". Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, 1983.
*Bordman, Gerald. "American Operetta". New York: Oxford University Press, 1981.
*Clarke, Kevin. "Im Himmel spielt auch schon die Jazzband." Emmerich Kálmán und dir transatlantische Operette 1928–1932". Hamburg: von Bockel Verlag, 2007 (examines the connection between Kálmán's jazz-operettas of the 1920s and Romberg's scores; in German)
*ibdb name|id=8686|name=Sigmund Romberg
*imdb name|id=0739146|name=Sigmund Romberg
* [http://musicaltheatreguide.com/composers/romberg/romberg.html List of Romberg's stage works]
* [http://operetta-research-center.org/main.php?task=searchart&tab=2&id=00086 histocial reviews and a biography/worklist] by
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.