Finance lease

Finance lease

Finance lease is a type of lease - the other being an operating lease. A finance lease (highly similar to a capital lease) effectively allows a firm to finance the purchase of an asset, even if, strictly speaking, the firm never acquires the asset. Typically, a finance lease will give the lessee control over an asset for a large proportion of the asset's useful life, providing them the benefits and risks of ownership.

Treatment in the United States

Under US accounting standards, a finance lease is a lease which meets at least one of the following criteria:
* the lease term is greater than 75% of the asset's estimated useful life;
* the lease contains a bargain purchase option to buy the equipment at less than fair market value;
* ownership of the asset is transferred to the lessee at the end of the lease term;
* the present value of the lease payments exceeds 90% of the total original cost of the equipment.

Following GAAP accounting point of view, such a lease is classified as a "purchase by the lessee" and is capitalized on the lessee's balance sheet. See FASB-13 for definitions between capital and operating leases.

pecial Case: Finance Leases under UCC Article 2A

The term sometimes means a special case of lease defined by Article 2A of the Uniform Commercial Code (specifically, Sec. 2A-103(1) (g)). Such a finance lease recognizes that some lessors are financial institutions or other business organizations that lease the goods in question purely as a financial accommodation and do not want to have the warranty and other entanglements that are usually associated with leases by companies that are manufacturers or merchants of such goods. Under a UCC 2A finance lease, the lessee pays the payments to the lessor (and indeed must do so, regardless of any defect in the leased goods – this obligation usually being contained in a “hell or high water” clause), but any claims related to defects in the leased goods may be brought only against the actual supplier of the goods. UCC 2A finance leases are usually easy to identify because they commonly contain a clause specifically declaring that the lease is to be considered a finance lease under UCC 2A.

Treatment in Australia

In Australia the accounting standard pertaining to lease is AASB 117 'Leases'. AASB 117 was released in July 2004. AASB 117 'Leases' applies to accounting for leases other than: (a) leases to explore for or use minerals, oil, natural gas and similar non-regenerative resources; and (b) licensing agreements for such items as motion picture films, video recordings, plays, manuscripts, patents and copyrights.

According to AASB 117, paragraph 4, a lease is: an agreement whereby the lessor conveys to the lessee in return for a payment or series of payments the right to use an asset for an agreed period of time.

A lease is classified as a finance lease if it "transfers substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset." (AASB 117, p8) There are no strict guidelines as to what constitutes a finance lease, however guidelines are provided within the standard.

Impact on accounting

* Since finance lease is capitalized, both assets and liabilities (current and long-term ones) in the balance sheet increase. As a consequence, working capital decreases, but debt/equity ratio increases, creating additional leverage.
* Finance lease expenses are allocated between interest expense and principal value much like bond or loan; therefore, in statement of cash flow, lease payments go via not only operating cash flow but also financing cash flow. So, operating cash flow increases.
* Under operating lease conditions, lease obligations are not recognized; therefore, leverage ratios are understated and ratios of return (ROE and ROA) are overstated.

External links

* [ Definition of capital lease]
* [ AASB 117]
* [ Capital Lease Provider]


*Australian Financial Accounting, 4th edition, Craig Deegan ISBN 007471479-1

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • finance lease — see lease Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. finance lease …   Law dictionary

  • finance lease — A term used in UCC Article 2A. A lease in which the lessor is not the supplier or manufacturer of the leased goods. In a finance lease, the lessor must not have any involvement in the selection of the leased goods and it must be serving only as a …   Financial and business terms

  • finance lease — A lease that transfers substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of an asset to the lessee. In accounting, it is as if the lessee owned the asset in question. Under Statement of Standard Accounting Practice (SSAP) 21, Accounting for… …   Accounting dictionary

  • finance lease — finansinė nuoma statusas Aprobuotas sritis buhalterinė apskaita ir finansinė atskaitomybė apibrėžtis Nuoma, kai perduodant turtą nuomininkui perduodama didžioji dalis turto nuosavybės rizikos ir naudos. Nuosavybės teisė į turtą vėliau gali būti… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • finance lease — A lease in which the lessee acquires all the financial benefits and risks attaching to ownership of whatever is being leased. In accounting, it is as if the business owned the assets. Compare operating lease …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • finance lease — A British alternative term for *capital lease …   Auditor's dictionary

  • finance lease — A lease in which the lessor does not select, manufacture or supply the goods, but enters into a contract with a third party supplier to acquire goods specifically for the purpose of leasing them to the lessee. U.C.C. No. 2A 103 …   Black's law dictionary

  • finance lease — A lease in which the lessor does not select, manufacture or supply the goods, but enters into a contract with a third party supplier to acquire goods specifically for the purpose of leasing them to the lessee. U.C.C. No. 2A 103 …   Black's law dictionary

  • lease — 1 / lēs/ n [Anglo French les, from lesser to grant by lease, from Old French laisser to let go, from Latin laxare to loosen, from laxus slack] 1 a: a contract by which an owner of property conveys exclusive possession, control, use, or enjoyment… …   Law dictionary

  • finance leasing — In a finance lease the rental payments are calculated to reflect the cost of purchase of equipment and a financing/interest charge spread over the period of the lease. The lessor is the legal owner of the equipment and the lessee has possession… …   Law dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”