name = Strumień
image_caption = Fragment of town square
image_shield = POL Strumień COA.svg
pushpin_label_position = bottom
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = POL
subdivision_type1 = Voivodeship
subdivision_name1 = Silesian
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Cieszyn
subdivision_name3 = Strumień
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Anna Agnieszka Grygierek
established_title = Founded
established_date = 13th century
established_title2 = Town rights
established_date2 = 1482
area_total_km2 = 6.31
population_as_of = June 2008
population_total = 3502
population_density_km2 = auto
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd = 49 | latm = 55 | lats = 1.5 | latNS = N | longd = 18 | longm = 45 | longs = 48.72 | longEW = E
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 42-246
blank_name = Car plates
blank_info = SCI
website = http://www.strumien.pl
Strumień Audio-IPA-pl|Strumien.ogg|'|s|t|r|u|m|j|e|ń ( _de. Schwarzwasser, _cs. Strumeň) is a town and the seat of
Gmina Strumień, Cieszyn County, in southern Poland, on the Wisła River.
Currently situated in the
Silesian Voivodeship(since 1999), Strumień was previously part of the Bielsko-Biała Voivodeship(1975-1998).
It is located in the north-eastern part of the historical region of
Cieszyn Silesiaand is the smallest town of Cieszyn Silesia and one of the smallest in Poland.
Because of its proximity to the
Wisła River, this little town has found itself under various national and imperial jurisdictions (see Duchy of Cieszyn). The town existed under Austrian dominion from 1653 until the end of the First World Warand was referred to in German as Schwarzwasser. The town with its Polish name Strumień joined the Second Polish Republicin 1920. Following the invasion of Polandand the annexation of Cieszyn Silesiaby German army in 1939, it became part of Nazi Germany(as Schwarzwasser again). At the end of World War IIthe town returned to Poland.
According to the Austrian census of 1910 the town had 1,579 inhabitants, 1,513 of whom had permanent residence there. Census asked people for their native language, 824 (54.5%) were German-speaking, and 681 (45%) were Polish-speaking.
Jewswere not allowed to declare Yiddish, most of them thus declared the German language as their native. Most populous religious groups were Roman Catholicswith 1,484 (94%), followed by the Jewswith 67 (4.2%) and Protestantswith 28 (1.8%). [Ludwig Patryn (ed): " [http://www.kc-cieszyn.pl/biblioteka/strony/ramka.php?autor=Patryn&licz=1 Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien] ", Troppau 1912.] .
* [http://www.strumien.pl Gmina Strumień Official website]
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