A tuque (Canadian French: "tuque", sometimes also spelled toque or touque in English) is a knitted hat, originally of wool though now often of synthetic fibers, that is designed to provide warmth in winter. All tuques are tapered, they sometimes have ear-flaps, and may be topped with a pom-pon. (This style of tuque is often referred to as a sherpa). Tuques may have a folded brim, or none, and may be worn tightly fitting the skull or loose on top although the latter is considered more standard. The tuque usually is considered Canada's national winter hat, much like the fur hat is in Russia.

The word is not etymologically related to the name of the chef's toque, although it is sometimes spelled "toque" instead of "tuque" (still pronounced /tuk/) by assimilation, or occasionally "touque" although the latter is a common misspelling and not considered a standard spelling by the "Canadian Oxford Dictionary".

The tuque is similar to the Phrygian cap and, as such, during the 1837 Patriotes Rebellion a red tuque became a symbol of French-Canadian nationalism. The symbol was revived briefly by the Front de libération du Québec in the 1960s. Fact|date=February 2007

Tuques are indispensable in cold climates, and are worn worldwide in various forms. They have become the common headgear for stereotypical dockworkers and sailors in movies and television. The most famous media characters to sport this kind of hat are the "SCTV" characters, Bob and Doug McKenzie. Michael Nesmith of The Monkees also wore this hat in his television series. As did Robert Clothier's character "Relic" in the long-running Canadian TV series, The Beachcombers. Bill Murray wore this type of hat in "The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou", possibly as a parody of the tuque worn by Jacques Cousteau. The guitarist for the Irish band U2, The Edge, is also known for wearing a tuque while performing, or during interviews. Canadian Daniel Powter also wore a blue tuque during the music video for Bad Day. Jayne Cobb of Firefly (TV series) received a Tuque as a gift from his mother. He dubs it a "cunning hat", and it has become popular among fans.

In the United States, this type of hat is more commonly referred to by other names: "knit hat" or "knit cap", "sock cap" or "stocking cap", "watch cap", "(to)boggan", "skull cap" , "snow hat", "snow cap", "ski cap", "chook", or "beanie". In Australia, New Zealand, the United States and the UK, the term beanie refers almost exclusively to the knitted tuque-style hat, although that word is also used elsewhere to denote a more rigid cap that is not knitted but rather made up of joined panels of felt, twill or other tightly woven cloth. The lack of a consistent term for the tuque, outside Canada, is popular source material for Canadian comedians.

There also is a town known as La Tuque, Quebec, named after a nearby hill that resembles a tuque.In some sections of Canada a tuque with a brim on it, commonly worn by snowboarders, is nicknamed a bruque (a brimmed tuque).


* Katherine Barber, editor (2004). "Canadian Oxford Dictionary", second edition. Toronto, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-541816-6. — "Toque" is a main headword, "tuque" considered a variant spelling, "touque" does not appear.
* [http://www.webster.com/dictionary/tuque Merriam-Webster states it derives from toque]

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  • tuque — [ tyk ] n. f. • 1726; o. i.; cf. toque ♦ Région. (Canada) Bonnet de laine à bords roulés en forme de cône surmonté d un gland ou d un pompon. « leurs tuques jaunes, rouges ou vertes, avec un pompon au bout » (Simenon). ⊗ HOM. Tuc. ● tuque nom… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tuque — Tuque, n. [Canadian F. See {Toque}.] A kind of warm cap winter wear, made from a knit bag with closed tapered ends by pushing one end within the other, thus making a conical cap of double thickness. Picturesque fellow with tuques, red sashes, and …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tuque — 1871, from Canadian French variant of Fr. toque (see TOQUE (Cf. toque)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • tuque — [to͞ok, tyo͞ok] n. [CdnFr < Fr toque: see TOQUE] a winter cap consisting of a knitted bag tapered and closed at both ends, worn with one end tucked into the other …   English World dictionary

  • Tuque — Bonnet (vêtement) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bonnet. Bonnet dans sa forme ancienne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • tuque — teugue ou tuque (teu gh ou tu k ) s. f. Terme de marine. Espèce de gaillard que l on élevait quelquefois à l arrière, le plus souvent à l avant, pour se garantir de l injure du temps. Sa Majesté fait très expresses défenses.... de rien changer… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • tuque — fétuque stuque tuque …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • tuque — noun Etymology: Canadian French, from French toque more at toque Date: 1871 a warm knitted usually pointed stocking cap …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • tuque — /toohk, tyoohk/, n. a heavy stocking cap worn in Canada. Also, toque. [1870 75; < CanF, var. of F toque TOQUE] * * * …   Universalium

  • tuque — noun /tuːk/ A watch cap …   Wiktionary

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