name = "Staphylea"
image_width = 240px
image_caption = "Staphylea colchica"
divisio = Magnoliophyta
genus = "Staphylea"
genus_authority = L.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text
"Staphylea" (Bladdernut) is a small genus of 10 or 11 species of
flowering plants in the family Staphyleaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The highest species diversity is in China, where four species occur.
They are large
shrubs, occasionally small trees, growing to 2-5 m tall. The leaves are deciduous, arranged in opposite pairs, and pinnate, usually with three leaflets, but 3-7 in "S. pinnata" and 3-5 in "S. colchica". The flowers are produced in drooping terminal panicles 5-10 cm long, with 5-15 flowers on each panicle; the individual flowers are about 1 cm long, with the five sepals and petals similar in size and in their white or pale pink colour. The fruitis an inflated papery two- or three-lobed capsule 3-10 cm long, containing a few small nut-like seeds.
Staphylea bolanderi" (Sierra Bladdernut). Western North America.
Staphylea bumalda" (Japanese Bladdernut). Eastern Asia.
Staphylea colchica" (Colchis Bladdernut). Southwestern Asia.
Staphylea emodi" (Himalayan Bladdernut). Himalaya.
Staphylea forrestii". China.
Staphylea holocarpa". China.
Staphylea pinnata" (European Bladdernut). Europe.
Staphylea pringlei". Mexico.
Staphylea shweliensis". China.
Staphylea trifolia" (American Bladdernut). Eastern North America.
Some botanists include the closely related genus "
Turpinia" in "Staphylea".
Cultivation and uses
Several species are grown as
ornamental plants for their flowers and peculiar bladder-like fruit. The popular "Staphylea × elegans" is a hybrid of unknown origin, probably between "S. colchica" and "S. pinnata".
* [http://www.efloras.org/browse.aspx?flora_id=0&name_str=Staphylea&btnSearch=Search EFloras: search results for "Staphylea"]
* [http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/cgi-bin/nph-readbtree.pl/feout?FAMILY_XREF=&GENUS_XREF=Staphylea&SPECIES_XREF=&TAXON_NAME_XREF=&RANK= Flora Europaea: "Staphylea"]
* [http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=STAPH USDA Plant Profile: "Staphylea"]
* [http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Staphyleaceae/Staphylea.html "Staphylea"] - at desert-tropicals.com
* [http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/species/frame/sttr.htm "Staphylea trifolia" images at bioimages.vanderbilt.edu]
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