Verona Orational

Verona Orational

The Verona Orational also know as the "Libellus Orationum" (Verona, Cathedral, Biblioteca Capit. Cod. LXXXIX) is a late 7th or early 8th century Visigothic prayer book. It is the only liturgical book that was written before the Moorish invasion and is the only surviving Visigothic manuscript containing figural decoration. The manuscript has 127 folios that measure 330 mm by 260 mm. The text was written in Visigothic minuscule. A marginal gloss indicated that the manuscript was produced in Tarragona, at the church of Saint Fructuosus.

The orational contains antiphons and responsories that are not neumed; no music exists in the codex.

On folio 3r there is a drawing of the "Rose of the Winds", a precursor of the Compass rose. The drawing depicts the twelve winds grouped around a central cross. The twelve winds are represented by four heads with three faces each that have trumpets coming out of the mouth of each face. Each head is contained within a circle and the four circles are arranged in a cross pattern around the central cross. The entire drawing is enclosed within a double circle. Although the drawing has been Christianized by the addition of the central cross, the drawing is based a well known formula in Classical art, the "Vultus trifons".

References

* Brockett, Clyde Waring Jr., "Antiphons, Responsories and other Chants of the Mozarabic Rite" (New York: The Institute of Medieval Music, 1968)
*Williams, John, "Early Spanish Manuscript Illumination" (New York: 1977).


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Visigothic script — was a type of medieval script, so called because it originated in the Visigothic kingdom in Hispania (the Iberian Peninsula, modern Spain and Portugal). It is also called littera toletana or littera mozarabica .The script was used from… …   Wikipedia

  • Visigothic art and architecture — The Visigoths entered Hispania (modern Spain and Portugal) in 415, and they rose to be the dominant people there until the Moorish invasion of 711 brought their kingdom to an end.This period in Iberian art is dominated by their style. Visigothic… …   Wikipedia

  • Liturgical book — A liturgical book is a book published by the authority of a church, that contains the text and directions for the liturgy of its official religious services.Roman CatholicIn the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church, the primary liturgical books are… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”