Gas oil separation plant

Gas oil separation plant

Gas Oil Separation Plant (GOSP) is a type of plant used primarily in the oil industry. Saudi Aramco has at least three majors GOSPs, including one in Sheyba.

Produce crude oil is sent to a Gas Oil Separation Plant or GOSP to be divided into oil and associated gases, which are then streamed to oil refineries and gas processing plants respectively.The products of these plants are then to supply and distribution.

Produced crude oil leaving the well head is both sour and wet.Sour means it contains hydrogen sulfide gas, and wet means it contains water.The crude leaving the well head must be processed and treated to make it safe, environmentally acceptable, and economically viable for storage, processing and export. Next we will look more closely at the reasons why crude leaving the well head must be processed and treated.

Gas Oil Separation Plants are needed for safety reasons.The raw crude often leaves the well head under very high pressure. Production pressures of greater than 3000 pounds per square inch have been encountered in some fields. [4] The high pressure makes transportation and storage difficult and dangerous.

Gas Oil Separation Plants are needed for environmental reasons.It is not appropriate to burn off the gases associated with crude oil.

There are also economic reasons for processing and treating the produced crude.Recovering associated gases prevents wasting a natural resource, which was originally flared off.

There are also other economic reasons for GOSP.Removing contaminants from the crude, such as salt and hydrogen sulfide,protects plants from corrosion damage.The initial processing of produced crude oil in a GOSP also is required to meet specifications of the crude for export and oil refining.

So, what do we have to do to the crude oil from the well to make it safe, economic, and environmentally friendly?water has to be removed, the salt and vapor pressure reduced, and hydrogen sulfide removed, before the crude is ready for storage, transport and refining.

Gas Oil Separation Plants process crude from the well head and separate gases and contaminants from the crude for [1] safety reasons,environmental reasons, and for economic reasons - to make the crude economically viable for storage, processing and export.

External links

* [,54.042805&spn=0.002175,0.005032&t=k GOSP-2 as seen from space]

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