"Ippon" ( _ja. 一本) literally "one full point", it is the highest score a fighter can achieve in a Japanese martial arts "ippon-wazari" contest, usually Judo, karate or Jujutsu.

Ippon in Judo

In Judo, an "ippon" is awarded when one of the judoka accomplishes one of the following:

* A throw ending with an opponent largely on his/her back, demonstrating full control, having such amplitude that the feet of the player receiving the action leave the tatami (the contest mat); the back does not necessarily have to touch, it is the exposure that is considered by the referees. Landing in a bridge will score Ippon, even though there was no direct contact of the shoulder blades with the mat.
* Pinning an opponent with his/her back touching the mat for 25 seconds; The contestant being held may not have any control of any part of the attacking player's body for the pin to be scored. This differs from a wrestling pin as if the person that has their back facing the mat has their legs wrapped around any part of the attacking player's body (for example guard), the pin will not be scored.
* Applying such a hold to the arm, above the wrist but beneath the shoulder, that causes the player receiving the action to submit. (For example an "elbow lever" or arm-bar.)
* Strangling the opponent to induce a submission; a strangle can be induced with the uniform, arms, legs or with the opponent's own shoulder muscle.
* Disqualification of one of the contestants ("hansoku-make"). A disqualification can be assessed through an accumulation of penalties (awarded for infractions such as non-combativity, improper hold, false attacks, etc.), by applying a forbidden hold or technique (e.g. "Kani Basami" (scissors), pressure holds to the spinal cord, submissive holds to the legs, the wrist or the shoulder), or by seeking medical attention for an injury other than blood or a potentially grave injury.

Ippon in Karate

In shobu ippon kumite, a method of karate competition, a "ippon" is awarded for a technique which is judged as decisive, this is usually a move which connects cleanly, with good form and with little opportunity for the opponent to defend against it. Kicks to the head of an opponent or judo throws followed up with a strike to the downed opponent are particularly likely to be considered a winning "ippon" technique. A competitor is declared the winner upon achieving a judgement of ippon.

Occasionally shobu nihon kumite is used, in which two decisive strikes (or four less-decisive strikes, scored as waza-ari) are required for a win. In many tournaments, sanbon scoring is used. This promotes a flashier style of fighting more suited to a spectator sport. More traditional tournaments usually use ippon or nihon scoring however.

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  • Ippon — [ˈipːon] (jap. 一本) ist ein japanischer Ausdruck für Eins . Es ist eine Besonderheit der japanischen Sprache, dass Zählworter mit einem Zählersuffix verändert werden können, das von der Form des gezählten Objekts abhängt. Hon/Bon/Pon ist ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ippon — ● ippon nom masculin (japonais ippon, marquer un point) En judo, action décisive obtenue soit en projetant son adversaire sur le dos avec force et vitesse, soit en lui appliquant une technique de contrôle au sol (immobilisation pendant 30… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ippon — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. ipponnie, sport. {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} w dżudo i w karate: zdobycie całego punktu, umożliwiające pokonanie przeciwnika przed czasem : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Wygrać walkę przez ippon. <jap.> {{/stl 10}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Ippon —   [japanisch »Punkt«] der, (s)/ s, im Judo die kampfentscheidende Wertung …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ippon — /ipˈon/ (judo and karate) noun A winning score, worth ten points, awarded for a perfectly executed move ORIGIN: Jap, one point …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ippon — Una técnica de ippon en un campeonato de judo. Ippon (一本) es un término japonés utilizado en arte marciales de ese país judo, Karate y otras. Es una expresion, empleada en campeonatos,(equivalente a un punto, con matices de estilos; sea bien… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ippon — Le terme ippon (Japonais : 一本), littéralement « un point entier », est le score le plus élevé qu un combattant puisse obtenir lors d une compétition d arts martiaux japonais comme le judo, le karaté ou le jujutsu. Au judo Au judo,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ippon, S. — S. Ippon. So heißt bei Migne B. Eppo1 …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Ippon — Ip|pon der; [s], [s] <aus jap. ippon »Punkt«> die kampfentscheidende Wertung im Judo …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • ippon — m IV, D. u, Ms. ippononie; lm M. y sport. «w dżudo i w karate: pokonanie zawodnika przed ustalonym czasem walki» Wygrać, przegrać przez ippon. ‹jap.› …   Słownik języka polskiego

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