- Kind Hearts and Coronets
name = Kind Hearts and Coronets
writer = Robert Hamer
from the novel by
Dennis Price Valerie Hobson Joan Greenwood Alec Guinness
producer = Michael Balcon
General Film Distributors
released = June 1949 (UK release)
runtime = 106 min.
country = UK
amg_id = 1:27361
imdb_id = 0041546
language = English
"Kind Hearts and Coronets" is a 1949 British
black comedyfilm produced by Ealing Studios. It was directed by Robert Hamer, written by John Dightonand Hamer, and very loosely based on a book, "Israel Rank", by Roy Horniman. The title is a quotation from Tennyson's 1842 poem " Lady Clara Vere de Vere", which proclaims that "Kind hearts are more than coronets, And simple faith than Norman blood."
The film stars
Dennis Priceas a potential heir to a dukedom, but eight members of the D'Ascoyne family stand in his way. All eight (including one woman) are played by Alec Guinness. Guinness is also depicted in a painting of a family ancestor. There are also notable performances from Valerie Hobsonand Joan Greenwoodas a " femme fatale".
The film is generally regarded as the one of the best made by
Ealing Studiosand appears on the Time magazine top 100 list as well as on the BFI Top 100 British filmslist. In 2000, readers of " Total Film" magazine voted "Kind Hearts and Coronets" the 25th greatest comedy film of all time. In 2004 the same magazine named it the 7th greatest British film of all time.
The story is set in the
Edwardian period. Louis Mazzini ( Dennis Price) is the son of a woman ostracised by her noble family for eloping with an Italian operasinger. Upon her death, the D'Ascoynes refuse to allow her to be buried in the family crypt. As a result, Louis plots revenge, aiming to succeed to the Dukedom of Chalfont, but eight relatives stand between him and the title.
Louis sets out to murder them all, in various inventive and blackly humorous ways. He manages to dispatch six of them. The other two die without his "assistance": his kindly banker employer, who dies of a stroke when he learns that he has inherited the dukedom, and Admiral D'Ascoyne, who obstinately steers his warship into a collision with another, and remains saluting on the bridge while it sinks beneath him (satirising the sinking of HMS "Victoria" in 1893). [cite web |url=http://www.nmm.ac.uk/server/show/conWebDoc.17870 |title=Last Man Standing |publisher=nmm.ac.uk
National Maritime Museum] He confesses to the last of the D'Ascoynes what he did and why. He then kills him and finally inherits the title.
Complications ensue when Louis is torn between two women, Sibella (
Joan Greenwood), his longtime sensual paramour, and the more refined Edith D'Ascoyne ( Valerie Hobson), the widow of one of his victims. Louis marries Edith, and Sibella becomes jealous. When Sibella's dull husband Lionel ( John Penrose) kills himself, she hides the suicide note and, ironically, Louis ends up being tried and convicted of murdering one of the few people he "didn't" dispatch.
In prison awaiting execution, he writes his memoirs, detailing his exploits. At the last moment, Sibella "finds" the suicide note, saving Louis. As Louis steps through the prison gate to freedom, he finds two carriages waiting for him: in one, Edith, and in the other, Sibella. As he hesitates, he repeats to himself the couplet from "
The Beggar's Opera". "How happy could I be with either, Were t'other dear charmer away!" When a publisher approaches him and asks for the publication rights to his memoirs, Louis suddenly remembers the manuscript he left behind in his cell.
To satisfy the
Production Code, several changes were made for the American audience. [cite book |last=Slide |first=Anthony |title="Banned in the U.S.A..: British Films in the United States and Their Censorship, 1933-1966" |origyear=1998 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=zOp2WxH5yscC&pg=PA90&lpg=PA90&dq=%22Kind+Hearts+and+Coronets%22+%2B+alternate+ending&source=web&ots=u-7hRbmkt2&sig=pzXlFh2FYwSGj0upYUZpSJ6gQHY&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result#PPA90,M1 |format= |accessdate=2008-10-02 |publisher=I.B. Tauris |isbn=1860642543 p. 90] About 10 seconds was added to the ending, showing that Louis' memoirs are discovered before he can retrieve them. This ending is available as an extra on the Criterion CollectionDVD. In addition, some of the dialogue between Louis and Sibella was cut to tone down the adultery, some derogatory lines about the Parson were deleted, and in the song " Eeny, meeny, miny, moe", "sailor" replaced the word "nigger". In all, the American release was six minutes shorter than the British.
Difference from the novel
Louis' father in the novel was
Jewishrather than Italian. Horniman had been accused of anti-Semitism, so the film-makers decided to play safe by changing his background.Perhaps there is a remembrance to the Toselli affair too. The Italian composer and pianistToselli married the divorced wife of the Kronprinz of Saxony in Germany; they had a son.
In the novel, the protagonist is a vulgar and unpleasant character, named not Louis but Israel. The protagonist of the film is very much more refined and distinguished. Israel's mother is not the daughter of an aristocrat but a distant relative.
Dennis Priceas Louis Mazzini and Mazzini's father
Alec Guinnessas The Duke, The Banker, The Parson, The General, The Admiral, Young Ascoyne, Young Henry and Lady Agatha. Guinness was originally offered the parts of only four D'Ascoynes. "I read [the screenplay] on a beach in France, collapsed with laughter on the first page, and didn't even bother to get to the end of the script," he recounts. "I went straight back to the hotel and sent a telegram saying, 'Why four parts? Why not eight!?'" [cite web |url=http://www.austinchronicle.com/gyrobase/Issue/review?oid=oid%3A342902 |title=Kind Hearts and Coronets |publisher=austinchronicle.com Austin "Chronicle" |author=Raoul Hernandez |date= February 24 2006]
Valerie Hobsonas Edith
Joan Greenwoodas Sibella
*John Penrose as Lionel
Hugh Griffithappears briefly as the Lord High Stewart at the trial in the House of Lords towards the end of the film.
Arthur Lowehas a brief appearance at the end.
Chalfont, the family home of the d'Ascoynes, is
Leeds Castlein Kent, England. [cite web |url=http://www.movie-locations.com/movies/k/kindhearts.html |title=Kind Hearts and Coronets filming locations |publisher=movie-locations.com]
The film's musical theme is 'Il mio tesoro' from
Mozart's opera " Don Giovanni".
The collected letters between
Evelyn Waughand Nancy Mitfordshow that both novelists were employed at Ealing, separately and at different times, to work on the screenplay; nothing either contributed made it to the final shooting script.
*Louis's line on killing Lady Agatha - "I shot an arrow in the air, she fell to earth in Berkeley Square" - is a parody of "I shot an arrow in the air, it fell to earth I know not where" from
HW Longfellow's "The Arrow and The Song".
*Early in the film, Louis quotes
Samuel Johnson's phrase that "When a man knows he is to be hanged the next morning, it concentrates the mind wonderfully." (Louis adjusts the line from Johnson, who said "in a fortnight" rather than "the next morning.")
*Louis's quip that he sent "caviar to the general" is a quotation from "
Hamlet" (Act 2, Scene 2).
*Louis quotes the following couplet from the "
The Beggar's Opera" at the end of the film - "How happy could I be with either, Were t'other dear charmer away!"
A radio version of the script, starring
Michael Kitchenand Harry Enfield, has been broadcast on BBC7.
*The Great British Films, pp 131-133, Jerry Vermilye, 1978, Citadel Press, ISBN 080650661X
* [http://www.criterion.com/asp/release.asp?id=325&eid=465§ion=essay Criterion Collection essay by Philip Kemp]
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