Bion 2

Bion 2

Bion 2 was a Bion satellite launched by the Soviet Union on October 22, 1974 at 1800 hours UTC. It carried albino rats for biomedical research. Soviet, Czechoslovak, and Romanian scientists subjected the rats to daily radiation doses from a gamma source by ground command. When they were recovered 20.5 days later, many rats had developed lung problems and their blood and bone marrow had changed more than those of control specimens. It had an on-orbit dry mass of 5500 kilograms and had a US National Space Science Data Centre ID of 1974-080A.

The spacecraft was based on the Zenit spy satellite with emphasis on studying the problems of radiation effects on human beings.

It was also known as Biocosmos 2, Cosmos 690 and 07478

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BION (W. R.) — La figure de Bion, principal disciple de Melanie Klein, est celle d’un grand penseur du mouvement psychanalytique. Revenant à la source des premiers grands travaux de Sigmund Freud (1895, 1900, 1911), son principal mérite est d’avoir développé,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bion 10 — (Cosmos 2229), a C.I.S. spacecraft, was launched by a Soyuz U rocket from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome. It was part of the Bion program. It carried two monkeys and several insects, amphibians, plants, and cell cultures. Participating scientists were… …   Wikipedia

  • Bion 4 — (Cosmos 936) was a Bion satellite. The mission involved nine countries, including the United States, in a series of biomedical research. The experiments were primarily followups to the Bion 3 (Cosmos 782) flight. The mission ended after 19.5 days …   Wikipedia

  • Bion 1 — (Cosmos 605; Russian: Бион 1, Космос 605) was a Bion satellite. It carried several dozen rats, six boxes of tortoises, a mushroom bed, four beetles, and living bacterial spores. It provided data on the reaction of mammal, reptile, insect, fungal …   Wikipedia

  • Bion 5 — (Cosmos 1129) was a Bion satellite. It was a biomedical research mission involving scientists from nine countries. Among the experiments was the first attempt to breed mammals in space, which proved unsuccessful. The mission ended after 18.5 days …   Wikipedia

  • Bion 8 — (Cosmos 1887) was a Bion satellite. It carried scientific instruments for continuing research into the effects of spaceflight on monkeys and other biological objects, radiation safety, and physics. Research and experiments were also carried out,… …   Wikipedia

  • Bion 9 — (Cosmos 2044) was a biomedical research mission involving nine countries and ESA. It was part of the Bion program. Eighty experiments were conducted in such categories as motion sickness, reproduction and regeneration, immunology, and readaption… …   Wikipedia

  • Bion — steht für Bion von Abdera, antiker Mathematiker Bion von Borysthenes, antiker Philosoph Bion von Prokonessos, antiker Historiker Bion von Smyrna, hellenistischer Dichter Bion von Soloi, antiker Historiker Peter Bion (1684 1735), Textilunternehmer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bion 4 — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bion 4 / Cosmos 936 Organización Unión Soviética Estado Retornado a la Tierra Fecha de lanzamiento 3 de agosto de 1977 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bion 1 — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bion 1 / Cosmos 605 Organización Unión Soviética Estado Retornado a la Tierra Fecha de lanzamiento 31 de octubre de 1973 …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”