- Baldassare Galuppi
Baldassare Galuppi (
October 18, 1706– January 3, 1785) was an Italian composerfrom Venice, noted for his operas, and particularly opera buffa.
He was born on the island of
Buranoin the Venetian Lagoon, and as a result, he became known as "Il Buranello." His first attempt at opera, "La fede nell'incostanza ossia gli amici rivali" (1722), was a spectacular failure, having been hissed off the stage. He subsequently studied musicwith Antonio Lotti, and after a brief period in Florenceworking as a harpsichordist, returned to Venicefor another attempt at opera. This time, his opera seria"Dorinda" (1729) was a success and launched his theatrical career.
In 1740, he was appointed music director of the
Ospedale dei Mendicanti, and he worked at St. Mark's in Venice from 1748, being appointed "maestro di cappella" (considered Venice's top musical post) there in 1762. He lived and worked for most of his life in Venice, though from 1741 to 1743 he worked in London, and from 1765 to 1768 he worked for Catherine the Greatin St. Petersburg.
His first opera buffa was "L'Arcadia in Brenta" (1749). This was also his first collaboration with
librettist Carlo Goldoni, with whom he produced a number of operas. These works were very popular, with "Il filosofo di campagna" (1754) a particular success. Goldoni's libretto "Il mondo della luna", first set by Galuppi, was later used by a number of other composers, including Joseph Haydnand Giovanni Paisiello. Subsequent operas include "L'amante di tutte" (1760) and "I tre amanti ridicoli" (1761), written on libretti by the composer's son Antonio Galuppi, who wrote under the name "A. Liteo."
In his later years, his operatic output decreased somewhat. Among his nonoperatic works are a large number of pieces for
harpsichordand several oratorios. By the time of his death, in Venice, Galuppi was one of the best-known and most respected figures in the Venetian musical establishment. A requiem masswas held in his memory at St Mark's.
At least two sacred choral works by
Antonio Vivaldihave been attributed to Galuppi, a "Beatus Vir" and a "Nisi Dominus."; musicologist Janice Stockigt believes that a "Dixit Dominus" might be another such work. Robert Browning's poem " A Toccata of Galuppi's" refers to Galuppi and his work, although no such Toccata exists. [cite news|title=Research regarding the fictional toccata by Galuppi of Browning's poem|publisher= The Musical Times|date=May 1, 1923|pages=314–316|author=Charles Van Den Borren]
pianist Peter Seivewrightis currently recording all of Galuppi's 90 keyboard sonatas in what will be a projected ten-CD set for The Divine Art record label; he is also publishing them. [http://www.musicweb-international.com/classrev/oct99/galuppi.htm]
* H. Cunningham, [http://www.gramophone.co.uk/newsMainTemplate.asp?storyID=2423&newssectionID=1 'New' Vivaldi work receives first modern-day performance] , The Gramophone, August 9, 2005.
* [https://urresearch.rochester.edu/handle/1802/4423 Harpsichord Sonata No. 18 in C minor, arranged for organ] from the Sibley Music Library Digital Scores Collection.
* The first track on
singer-songwriter Kris Delmhorst's 2006 album " [http://www.krisdelmhorst.com/albums/strange.html Strange Conversation] " is entitled " [http://www.krisdelmhorst.com/albums/music/galuppi%20baldassare.mp3 Galuppi Baldassare] "; according to [http://www.krisdelmhorst.com/press/press13.html an article posted on Delmhorst's website] , it was inspired by the above-mentioned Browning poem.
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