Infobox Korean settlement

rr=Hyesan si

Hyesan is a city in the northern part of the northern Ryanggang province of North Korea. It is a hub of river transportation as well as a product distribution centre. It is also the administrative centre of Ryanggang Province. As of 2000, the population of the city is estimated to be 110,000.


The city is located in the Paektu Mountains at the border with the People's Republic of China (Jilin province), from which it is separated by the Yalu (Amnok) River. Changbai is the closest Chinese city across the river.

It is located in the coldest area of Korea, and recorded a record low temperature of -42 ℃ in 1915.


Hyesan has lumber processing mills, paper mills and textile mills. Since the North Korean economic crisis that intensified in the mid 90's the city suffers from economic stagnation and some factories in the city are closed. Reports and pictures that were taken from the Chinese side of the river are shown "Ghost City": there is almost no movement in streets and in the night the city is dark and doesn't have electricity. Residents of the city have reported to wash their clothes in the river because no water flows in the faucets.

First explored in the 1960s, Hyesan Mine produces 10,000 tons of copper concentrates annually, which is 80% of all North Korean copper, and the North had estimated that it will be able to continue mining copper there for the next forty years. When Gapsan Dongjum Mine, explored during the Japanese colonial period, was finally depleted and closed in 1990, Hyesan Mine became the lifeline of the nation’s copper production. At that time, the mine flooded because the pumping device stopped operating due to the lack of electricity across the country. Although the workers at the mine did their best to pump the water, they could not stop the water flowing into the mine at a speed of 480㎥/hour. In 1996, during the North’s ‘Arduous March’, electricity was not provided to the mine, leading to flooding in the mineshafts in January 1997. Hyesan Mine flooded again, as did other mines throughout the country, and lost all mining facilities. Since 1998, Kim Jong Il has budgeted 8.2 million USD to dewater the mine, and the mine was recovered using electricity and equipment provided by China.


Hyesan is connected to other cities in North Korea by road and railway.


Schools in Hyesan include Hyesan High School and Hyesan Girl's School. Higher education institutions include the Hyesan Мedical University.

The countryside near Hyesan has various attractions, including the Kwaegung Pavilion, Naegok Hot Spring and Mount Baekdu.

ee also

* List of cities in North Korea
* Administrative divisions of North Korea

External links

* [http://bbs.keyhole.com/ubb/showthreaded.php?Cat=&Number=861907&page=&vc=1&PHPSESSID=#Post861907 North Korea Uncovered] , (North Korea Google Earth) see most of Hyesan's political and industrial infrastructure on Google Earth.
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/dprk/hyesan-ab.htm Maps and satellite images of Hyesan Airfield]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hyesan — Koreanisches Alphabet: 혜산 Chinesische Schriftzeichen: 惠山 Revidierte Romanisierung: Hyesan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hyesan —   [hɛsan], Hjesan, Hauptstadt der Provinz Yanggang, Nord Korea, an der chinesischen Grenze; 131 000 Einwohner; medizinische Hochschule; Steinkohlenbergbau, Holz und Papierindustrie; Eisenbahnendpunkt …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hyesan — 41°23′N 128°10′E / 41.383, 128.167 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hyesan-si — Original name in latin Hyesan si Name in other language Hesanjin, Hyesan, Hyesan si, Hyesanjin, Keisanchin, Keizan, Keizanchin, Keizantin, hui shan shi, hyesansi State code KP Continent/City Asia/Pyongyang longitude 41.40167 latitude 128.17778… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Hyesan-si — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Hyesan si Country and Admin Code KP.13.2043834 KP …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Hyesan — ▪ North Korea       city, northern North Korea. As a frontier city lying on the upper stream of the Yalu River (Amnok kang), it was a fortress during the Yi dynasty (1392–1910), under the name of Hyesanjin. In winter it is one of the coldest… …   Universalium

  • Hyesan-dong — Original name in latin Hyesan dong Name in other language Hyesan dong, hyesandong State code KP Continent/City Asia/Pyongyang longitude 41.39756 latitude 128.17873 altitude 736 Population 97794 Date 2012 01 19 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ryanggang — ou Yanggang 량강도 ou 양강도 兩江道 Abréviation {{{abréviation}}} Statut {{{statut}}} Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KP-YAN — Ryanggang do Chosŏn’gŭl: 량강도 Hancha: 兩江道 McCune Reischauer: Ryanggang do Revidierte Romanisierung: Yanggang do Basisdaten Fläche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ryanggang — do Chosŏn’gŭl: 량강도 Hancha: 兩江道 McCune Reischauer: Ryanggang do Revidierte Romanisierung: Yanggang do Basisdaten Fläche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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