List of interurban railways

List of interurban railways

This is a list of interurban railway systems worldwide. The vast majority of these systems are defunct. All were opened primarily as passenger carriers, although many survived as freight railways after passenger service ceased.=Oceania=

Australia

In Australia, the term interurban is commonly used to refer to commuter intercity rail services between capital cities and regional centres.

= Europe =

Belgium

*Vicinal

Czech Republic

*Liberec-Jablonec
*Most-Litvinov

Germany

*Stadtbahn Rhein-Ruhr

Poland

*Silesian Interurbans

Isle of Man

*Manx Electric Railway

=North America=

Canada

Provinces not listed did not have interurban systems, which were commonly named "Electric Railways" or "Radial Railways" in Canada.

British Columbia

* British Columbia Electric Railway

Manitoba

* Winnipeg, Selkirk and Lake Winnipeg Railway

Nova Scotia

* Cape Breton Electric Company (later Cape Breton Tramway, and including the Sydney and Glace Bay Railway)
* Pictou County Electric Company

Ontario

* Brantford and Hamilton Electric Railway (1908–1931)
* Chatham, Wallaceburg and Lake Erie Railway (1905–1930) Passenger operation ceased in 1927.
* Grand River Railway (1894–1955) Freight service continued until 1961, when it was subsumed into Canadian Pacific.
* Grand Valley Railway (1904–1929)
* Hamilton, Grimsby and Beamsville Electric Railway (1896–1931)
* Hamilton and Dundas Street Railway (1896–1923)
* Hamilton Radial Electric Railway (1897–1929)
* Lake Erie and Northern Railway (1916–1955)
* London and Port Stanley Railway (1858–1957) Electrified in 1915; freight service continued after 1957.
* Niagara Falls Park and River Railway (1893–1932)
* Niagara, St. Catherines and Toronto Railway (1888–1959) Freight service continued after 1959.
* Nipissing Central Railway
* Sandwich, Windsor and Amherstburg Railway (1886–1938)
* South-Western Traction Company (later London and Lake Erie Railway and Transportation Company) (1906–1918)
* Toronto and York Radial Railway (1885–1927) Portions operated by the city after 1927, some trackage still in use until at least 1960.
* Toronto Suburban Railway (1890s–1931) Some portions operated by the city after 1931.
* Windsor, Essex and Lake Shore Rapid Railway (1907–1932)
* Woodstock, Thames Valley and Ingersoll Electric Railway (1900–1925)

Quebec

* Hull Electric Company
* Montreal and Southern Counties Railway
* Quebec Railway Light and Power Company

United States

States not listed had no railway systems of this type.

Arizona

* Warren-Bisbee Railway

California

* Central California Traction Company
* Glendale and Montrose Railway Company
* Nevada County Traction Company
* Pacific Electric Railway
* Peninsular Railway
* Petaluma and Santa Rosa Railroad
* Sacramento Northern Railway
** Northern Electric Railway
** Oakland, Antioch and Eastern Railway
* Sacramento Valley West Side Electric Railway
* San Francisco, Napa and Calistoga Railway (later San Francisco and Napa Valley Electric Railway)
* Tidewater Southern Railway
* Visalia Electric Railroad
* Watsonville Traction Company

Colorado

* Colorado Springs and Cripple Creek District Railway
* Colorado Springs and Interurban Railway
* Denver and Intermountain Railroad
* Denver and Interurban Railroad
* Durango Railway and Realty Company
* Grand River Valley Railroad
* Trinidad Electric Transmission, Railway, and Gas Company

Connecticut

* Shore Line Electric Railway

Delaware

While Delaware had no systems which were fully interurbans, the Wilmington and Philadelphia Traction Company, Wilmington, Delaware's streetcar line, had branches to other cities using standard streetcar technology.

Georgia

* Georgia Railway and Power Company

Idaho

* Boise Valley Traction Company
* Caldwell Traction Company
* Lewiston-Clarkston Transit Company
* Sandpoint and Interurban Railway

Illinois

* Alton, Jacksonville and Peoria Railway
* Aurora, Elgin and Fox River Electric Company
* Bloomington, Pontiac and Joliet Electric Railway
* Central Illinois Traction Company
* Chicago and Joliet Electric Railway
* Chicago and Southern Traction Company
* Chicago, Aurora and De Kalb Railroad
* Chicago, Aurora and Elgin Railway (Aurora, Elgin and Chicago)
* Chicago, Harvard and Geneva Lake Railway
* Chicago, North Shore and Milwaukee Railway
* Chicago, Ottawa and Peoria Railway (Chicago and Illinois Valley)
* Chicago, South Shore and South Bend Railroad
* Coal Belt Electric Railway
* De Kalb-Sycamore and Interurban Traction Company
* East St. Louis & Suburban Railway
* East St. Louis, Columbia and Waterloo Railway
* Elgin and Belvidere Electric Company
* Fox and Illinois Union Railway
* Illinois Central Electric Railway
* Illinois Traction System (later Illinois Terminal Railroad)
* Joliet and Eastern Traction Company
* Joliet, Plainfield and Aurora Railroad (later the Joliet and Southern Traction Company and the Aurora, Plainfield and Joliet Railway)
* Kanakee and Urbana Traction Company
* Keokuk Electric Company
* Lee County Central Electric Railway (originally the Northern Illinois Electric Railway)
* Murphysboro and Southern Illinois Railway
* Peoria and Pekin Terminal Company
* Rockford and Interurban Railway
* Rock Island Southern Railway
* Sterling, Dixon and Eastern Traction Company
* Southern Illinois Railway and Power Company
* Springfield, Clear Lake and Rochester Railway
* Woodstock and Sycamore Traction Company

Indiana

* Angola Railway and Power Company - not really an interurban, but planned to be
* Beech Grove Traction Corporation - used interurban technology and cars
* Bluffton, Geneva and Celina Traction Company
* Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad
* Evansville and Ohio Valley Railway
* Evansville, Suburban and Newburgh Railway
* Fort Wayne and Decatur Traction Company
* Fort Wayne and Northwestern Railway (originally Toledo and Chicago Interurban Railway)
* Fort Wayne and Wabash Valley Traction Company
* Gary Railways
* Indiana Railroad
* Indianapolis and Cincinnati Traction Company
* Interstate Public Service Company
* Marion and Bluffton Traction Company
* Northern Indiana Power Company
* Northern Indiana Railway
* St. Joseph Valley Traction Company
* Southern Indiana Gas and Electric Company
* Terre Haute, Indianapolis and Eastern Traction Company
* Union Traction Company of Indiana
* Winona Interurban Railway

Iowa

* Albia Interurban Railway
* Cedar Rapids and Iowa City Railway
* Cedar Rapids and Marion City Railway
* Charles City Western Railway
* Clinton, Davenport and Muscatine Railway
* Des Moines and Central Iowa Railroad
* Fort Dodge, Des Moines and Southern Railway
* Mason City and Clear Lake Railroad
* Oskaloosa-Buxton Electric Railway
* Southern Iowa Railway
* Tama and Toledo Electric Railway
* Waterloo, Cedar Falls and Northern Railway

Kansas

* Arkansas Valley Interurban Railway
* Iola Electric Railway
* Joplin and Pittsburg Railway
* Missouri and Kansas Interurban Railway (also Missouri)
* Kansas City, Kaw Valley and Western Railway (also Missouri)
* Union Traction Company (later Union Electric Railway; also operated in Oklahoma)
* Westmoreland Interurban Railway

Kentucky

* Kentucky Traction and Terminal Company
* Louisville and Interurban Railroad

Louisiana

* Orleans-Kenner Electric Railway
* Southwestern Traction Company

Maine

* Aroostook Valley Railroad
* Atlantic Shore Line Railway
* Bangor Railway and Electric Company
* Lewiston, Augusta and Waterville Street Railway
* Portland-Lewiston Interurban Railroad

Maryland

* Cumberland and Westernport Electric Railway
* Hagerstown and Frederick Railway Company
* Washington, Baltimore and Annapolis Electric Railway — speed in excess of sixty-five miles per hour on a regular schedule.

Massachusetts

* Berkshire Street Railway
* Boston and Worcester Street Railway
* Grafton and Upton Railroad

Michigan

Michigan had 981 miles of interurban trackage.

* Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti Street Railway
* Benton Harbor-St. Joe Railway and Light Company ["St. Joseph and Benton Harbor", Elaine Cotsirilos Thomopoulos, Arcadia Publishing, 2003. ISBN 0738531901]
* Detroit, Lake Shore and Mt. Clemens Railway
* Detroit United Railway (merged all of the associated radial lines in the Detroit area in 1901)
* Escanaba Traction Company [A History of the Northern Peninsula of Michigan and Its People: Its Mining, Lumber and Agricultural Industries By Alvah Littlefield Sawyer, Published by The Lewis Publishing Company, 1911, p. 367]
* Houghton County Traction Company
* Grand Rapids, Grand Haven and Muskegon Railway
* Grand Rapids, Holland and Chicago Railway
* Michigan United Railways
* Saginaw-Bay City Railway

Minnesota

* Electric Short Line Railway (never actually electrified, despite the name)
* Mesaba Electric Railway
* Minneapolis, Anoka and Cuyuna Range Railroad
* Minneapolis, St. Paul, Rochester and Dubuque Electric Traction Company (the "Dan Patch Line"; never electrified, and never reached St. Paul, Rochester or Dubuque; later became the Minneapolis, Northfield and Southern Railroad)
* Minnesota Northwestern (another gasoline-powered interurban)
* St. Paul Southern Railway
* Twin City Rapid Transit Company

Mississippi

* Gulfport and Mississippi Coast Traction Company

Missouri

* Kansas City, Clay County and St. Joseph Railway (also in Kansas)
* Kansas City, Kaw Valley and Western Railway (later Kansas City-Kaw Valley Railroad; also in Kansas)
* Kansas City, Lawrence and Topeka Electric Railroad (never reached either Lawrence or Topeka; later renamed the Kansas City-Merriam-Shawnee Railroad.
* Kansas City, Leavenworth and Western Railway
* Kansas City, Ozarks and Southern Railway
* Manhattan City and Interurban Railway
* Mexico Investment and Construction Company
* Missouri and Kansas Interurban Railway
* Oregon Interurban Railway
* Southwest Missouri Electric Railway
* St. Francois County Railroad
* St. Joseph and Savannah Electric Railway

Montana

* Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway (the Milwaukee Road) Bozeman branch
* Anaconda Copper Mining Company - electrified line from Anaconda to Opportunity, mostly for miners

Nebraska

* Omaha and Lincoln Railway and Light Company
* Omaha and Southern Interurban Railway
* Omaha, Lincoln and Beatrice Railway

New Hampshire

* Boston and Maine Railroad (Concord and Manchester Electric Branch)
* Springfield Terminal Railway

New Jersey

* Atlantic City and Shore Railroad
* Bridgeton and Millville Traction Company
* New Jersey Interurban Company
* North Jersey Rapid Transit Company
* Public Service Corporation of New Jersey (Newark-Trenton Fast Line)

New York

* Albany and Hudson Railroad
* Buffalo and Lake Erie Traction Company
* Buffalo, Lockport and Rochester Railway
* Chautauqua Traction Company
* Cortland County Traction Company
* Elmira and Seneca Lake Traction Company
* Elmira, Corning and Waverly Railway
* Empire United Railways comprising:
** Auburn and Syracuse Electric Railroad
** Empire State Railroad
** Rochester and Syracuse Railroad
** Syracuse Northern Electric Railway
* Erie Railroad (Rochester - Avon - Mount Morris branch)
* Fonda, Johnstown and Gloversville Railroad
* Geneva, Seneca Falls and Auburn Railroad
* Hudson Valley Railway
* International Railway
* Jamestown Westfield and Northwestern Railway
* Kaydeross Railroad
* Keesevile, Ausable, Chasm and Lake Champlain Railroad
* Lewiston and Youngstown Frontier Railway
* Lima Honeoye Electric Light and Railroad Company
* New Paltz, Highland and Ploughkeepsie Traction Company
* New York, Auburn and Lansing Railroad, later Central New York Southern Railroad
* New York State Railways comprising:
** Oneida Railway
** Rochester and Eastern Rapid Railway
** Rochester and Sodus Bay Railway
** Utica and Mohawk Valley Railway
* Niagara Gorge Railway
* Orange County Tractipn Company
* Paul Smith's Electric Light, Power, and Railroad Company
* Penn Yan, Keuka Park and Branchport Railway
* Schnectady Railway
* Southern New York Railway
* Walkill Transit Company
* Warren and Jamestown Street Railway
* Western New York and Pennsylvania Traction Company

North Carolina

* Piedmont and Northern Railway
* Piedmont Railway and Electric Company
* Tidewater Power Company

Ohio

* Cambridge Power, Light and Traction Company
* Cincinnati and Columbus Traction Company
* Cincinnati and Lake Erie Railroad
* Cincinnati, Georgetown and Portsmouth Railroad
* Cincinnati, Lawrenceburg and Aurora Electric Street Railroad
* Cincinnati, Milford and Blanchester Traction Company
* Cleveland, Alliance and Mahoning Valley Railway
* Cleveland, Painesville and Eastern Railroad
* Cleveland, Southwestern and Columbus Railway
* Columbus, Delaware and Marion Railway
* Columbus, Magnetic Springs and Northern Railway
* Columbus, Marion and Bucyrus Railroad
* Columbus, New Albana and Johnstown Traction Company
* Columbus, Urbana and Western Railway
* Dayton and Troy Electric Railway
* Dayton and Western Traction Company
* Dayton and Xenia Transit Company
* Dayton, Covington and Piqua Traction Company
* Eastern Ohio Traction Company
* Fort Wayne, Van Wert and Lima Traction Company
* Fostoria and Fremont Railway
* Gallipolis and Northern Traction Company
* Hocking-Sunday Creek Traction Company
* Indiana, Columbus and Eastern Traction Company
* Interurban Railway and Terminal Company
* Lake Erie, Bowling Green and Napoleon Railway
* Lake Shore Electric Railway
* Lebanon and Franklin Traction Company
* Mahoning and Shenango Railway and Light Company
* Mansfield Railway Light and Power Company
* Maumee Valley Railways and Light Company
* Northern Ohio Traction and Light Company
* Ohio and Southern Traction Company
* Ohio Electric Railway
* Ohio River Electric Railway and Power Company
* Ohio Traction Company
* Pennsylvania and Ohio Electric Railway - despite the name, never reached Pennsylvania
* Portsmouth Street Railroad and Light Company
* Sandusky, Norwalk and Mansfield Electric Railway
* Scioto Valley Traction Company
* Southeast Ohio Railway and Light Company
* Springfield and Washington Railway
* Springfield and Xenia Railway
* Springfield, Troy and Piqua Railway
* Stark Electric Railroad
* Steubenville, East Liverpool and Beaver Valley Traction Company
* Tiffin, Fostoria and Eastern Electric Railway
* Toledo and Indiana Railroad
* Toledo and Western Railway
* Toledo, Bowling Green and Southern Traction Company
* Toledo, Port Clinton and Lakeside Railway
* Toledo, Fostoria and Findlay Railway
* Wellston and Jackson Belt Railway
* Western Ohio Railway
* Youngstown and Ohio River Railroad
* Youngstown and Southern Railway (1916–1944 as the Youngstown and Suburban Railway)

Oklahoma

* Bartlesville Interurban Railway
* Muskogee Electric Traction Company
* Northeast Oklahoma Railroad
* Oklahoma Railway
* Pittsburg County Railway
* Sand Springs Railway
* Sapulpa and Interurban Railway (later Oklahoma Union Railway, Sapulpa Union Railway, and then the Tulsa-Sapulpa Union Railway)
* Shawnee-Tecumseh Traction Company
* Union Traction Company (later Union Electric Railway; also operated in Kansas)

Oregon

* Oregon Electric Railway
* Portland Traction Company (later Portland Railway, Light and Power Company, the Portland Electric Power Company (PEPCO)), and the Portland Railway and Terminal Division of the Portland Transit Company
* Southern Oregon Traction Company
* Southern Pacific Electric Lines
* United Railways
* Willamette Valley Southern Railway

Pennsylvania

* Allentown and Reading Traction Company
* Altoona and Logan Valley Electric Railway
* Chambersburg and Gettysburg Electric Railway
* Chambersburg and Shippensburg Railway
* Chambersburg, Greencastle and Waynesboro Street Railway
* Cleveland and Erie Railway
* Conestoga Traction Company
* Hershey Transit Company
* Jefferson County Traction Company
* Johnstown and Somerset Railway
* Lackawanna and Wyoming Valley Railroad
* Lehigh Valley Transit
* New Jersey and Pennsylvania Traction Company
* Northampton Traction Company
* Northwestern Pennsylvania Railway
* Pennsylvania and Maryland Street Railway
* Pennsylvania Railroad (through its subsidiary, the Cumberland Valley Railroad)
* Philadelphia and Easton Electric Railway
* Pittsburgh, Harmony, Butler and New Castle Railway
* Reading Transit Company
* Scranton and Binghamton Traction Company
* Slate Belt Electric Street Railway
* Stroudsburg, Water Gap and Portland Railway
* Southern Cambria Railway
* Warren and Jamestown Street Railway
* West Penn Railways
* Wilkes-Barre and Hazleton Railway
* York Railways
* United Traction Street Railway

South Carolina

* Augusta-Aiken Railway
* Charleston-Isle of Palms Traction Company
* Piedmont and Northern Railway

South Dakota

* Deadwood Central Railroad

Tennessee

* Memphis and Lakeview Traction Company
* Nashville-Franklin Railway
* Nashville-Gallatin Interurban Railway

Texas

* Bryan and College Interurban Railway
* Eastern Texas Electric Company
* Galveston-Houston Electric Railway
* Houston North Shore Railway (Missouri Pacific Railroad subsidiary)
* Northern Texas Traction Company
* Rio Grande Valley Traction Company
* Roby and Northern Railroad
* Southwestern Traction Company
* Tarrant County Traction Company
* Texas Electric Railway
* Texas Interurban Railway

Utah

* Bamberger Electric Railroad (later Bamberger Railroad)
* Emigration Canyon Railroad
* Ogden Rapid Transit Company
* Salt Lake and Utah Railroad
* Salt Lake, Garfield and Western Railroad (the "Saltair Line")
* Utah-Idaho Central Railroad
* Utah Light and Traction Company - Salt Lake City streetcar line, operating several long suburban lines.

Virginia

* Bristol Traction Company
* Richmond and Chesapeake Bay Railway
* Washington and Old Dominion Railway
* Washington and Virginia Railway (later split into the Washington, Alexandria and Mt. Vernon Electric Railway and the Arlington and Fairfax Electric Railway)
* Virginia Electric Power Company

Washington

* Aberdeen and Hoquiam Railway
* Aberdeen Electric
* Arlington Heights Motor Railway
* Fidalgo City and Anacortes Railway
* Grays Harbor Railway and Light Company
* Pacific Northwest Traction Company (North Coast Lines)
* Puget Sound Electric Railway
* Seattle, Renton and Southern Railway (later Seattle and Rainier Valley Railway)
* Spokane, Coeur D'Alene and Palouse Railway
* Tacoma and Steilacoom Railway
* Twin City Railroad
* Vancouver Traction Company
* Walla Walla Valley Railway
* Washington Water Power Company
* Willapa Electric Company
* Yakima Valley Transportation Company

West Virginia

* Charleston Interurban Railroad
* City and Elm Grove Railroad
* Lewisburg and Ronceverte Railway
* Monongahela West Penn Public Service Company
* Morgantown and Dunkard Valley Railroad
* Ohio Valley Electric Railway
* Parkersburg and Ohio Valley Electric Railway
* Tri-City Traction Company
* Tyler Traction Company
* Union Traction Company of West Virginia
* Wellsburg, Bethany and Washington Railroad
* Wheeling Traction Company

Wisconsin

* Manitowoc and Northern Traction Company
* Northern States Power Company
* The Milwaukee Electric Railway and Light Company
* Wisconsin Power and Light Company (originally Sheboygan Light, Power and Railway Company)
* Wisconsin Power Company
* Wisconsin Public Service Company Lines
* Wisconsin Traction, Light, Heat and Power Company
* Wisconsin Valley Electric Railway

Wyoming

* Sheridan Railway and Light Company

=Asia=For additional historical information on interurban (and urban) tram systems in Asia, see [http://www.tramz.com/tva/tva.html Tram Views of Asia] .

Hong Kong

* KCR Light Rail (serves within and between the new towns of Tuen Mun, Yuen Long and Tin Shui Wai)

Thailand

* Paknam Railway (ran 21 km south from Bangkok to Samut Prakan; opened 1893, electrified 1926, abandoned 1959). See [http://www.2bangkok.com/2bangkok/Tram/paknam.shtml Bangkok Tramways] .
* Mae Klong Railway (runs approx. 65 km southwest from Bangkok's Thon Buri district to Samut Songkhram; opened 1905; electric trams operated over the innermost 8 km from 1926 to 1955; still in service with diesel multiple unit cars). See [http://www.2bangkok.com/2bangkok/Tram/imp.shtml#mae Bangkok Tramways] .


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