- Alfred Hermann Fried
Alfred Hermann Fried (November 11, 1864 in
Vienna, Austria- May 5, 1921 in Vienna), was an Austrian Jewish pacifist, publicist, journalist, co-founder of the German peace movement, and winner (with Tobias Asser) of the Nobel Prize for Peacein 1911.
Fried left school at the age of 15 and started to work in a book store in
Vienna. In 1883 he moved to Berlin, where he opened a book shop of his own in 1887. He created and wrote " Die Waffen nieder!" ("Lay Down Your Arms"), and in 1892 he and Bertha von Suttnerbegan to print it in magazine format. In articles published within "Die Waffen nieder!" and its successor, " Die Friedenswarte" ("The Peace Watch"), he articulated his pacifist philosophy.
In 1892 he was a co-founder of the German
peace movement. He was one of the fathers of the idea of a modern organization to assure world-wide peace (the principal idea was fulfilled in the League of Nationsand after the Second World Warin the UN).
Fried was a prominent member of the
Esperanto-movement. In 1903 he published the book "Lehrbuch der internationalen Hilfssprache Esperanto" ("Textbook of the International Language of Esperanto"). In 1911 he received the Nobel Peace Prizetogether with Tobias Asser. During the First World Warhe lived in Switzerlandand died in Vienna in 1921.
*Das Abrüstungs-Problem: Eine Untersuchung. Berlin, Gutman, 1904.
*Abschied von Wien - [http://www.literature.at/elib/www/wiki/index.php/Abschied_von_Wien_%28Alfred_Hermann_Fried%29 eLibrary Austria Project (elib Austria etxt in German)]
*The German Emperor and the Peace of the World, with a Preface by Norman Angell. London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1912.
*Die Grundlagen des revolutionären Pacifismus. Tübingen, Mohr, 1908. Translated into French by Jean Lagorgette as Les Bases du pacifisme: Le Pacifisme réformiste et le pacifisme «révolutionnaire». Paris, Pedone, 1909.
*Handbuch der Friedensbewegung. (Handbook of the Peace Movement) Wien, Oesterreichischen Friedensgesellschaft, 1905. 2nd ed., Leipzig, Verlag der «Friedens-Warte», 1911.
*«Intellectual Starvation in Germany and Austria», in Nation, 110 (March 20, 1920) 367-368.
*International Cooperation. Newcastle-on-Tyne, Richardson  .
*Das internationale Leben der Gegenwart. Leipzig, Teubner, 1908.
*«The League of Nations: An Ethical Institution», in Living Age, 306 (August 21, 1920) 440-443.
*Mein Kriegstagebuch. (My War Journal) 4 Bde. Zürich, Rascher, 1918-1920.
*Pan-Amerika. Zürich, Orell-Füssli, 1910.
*The Restoration of Europe, transl. by Lewis Stiles Gannett. New York, Macmillan, 1916.
*Der Weltprotest gegen den versailler Frieden. Leipzig, Verlag der Neue Geist, 1920.
*Die zweite Haager Konferenz: Ihre Arbeiten, ihre Ergebnisse, und ihre Bedeutung. Leipzig, Nachfolger  .
List of Austrian writers
List of Austrians
List of Austrian Jews
* [http://www.nobel-winners.com/Peace/alfred_fried.html About Alfred Hermann Fried]
* [http://www.geocities.com/peace_888grom/fried-bio.html Alfred Hermann Fried (November 11, 1864-May 5, 1921)]
* [http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1911/fried-bio.html Nobel biography]
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