Selters (Taunus)

Selters (Taunus)

Infobox German Location
Art =
Name = Selters
Wappen = Wappen_Selters_(Taunus).pnglat_deg = 50 |lat_min = 21
lon_deg = 08 |lon_min = 16
Lageplan = Limburg-Weilburg Selters.pngBundesland = Hesse
Regierungsbezirk = Gießen
Landkreis = Limburg-Weilburg
Höhe = 199
Fläche = 40.47
Einwohner = 8215
Stand = 2006-12-31
PLZ = 65618
Vorwahl = 06483,
06475 (Haintchen)
Kfz = LM
Gemeindeschlüssel = 06 5 33 014
Adresse = Brunnenstraße 46
65618 Selters
Website = [http://www.selters-taunus.de www.selters-taunus.de]
Bürgermeister = Dr. Norbert Zabel

Selters (Taunus) is a community with 8,000 inhabitants north of Bad Camberg in Limburg-Weilburg district in Hesse, Germany.

Geography

Location

The greater part of the Selters municipal area with the centres of Niederselters, Eisenbach, Münster and Haintchen lies in the area of the eastern Hintertaunus north of the Taunus’s main ridge, at elevations from 170 to 500 m. In terms of natural environments, the main centre, Niederselters, also belongs to the southeastern part of the Limburg Basin ("Limburger Becken"), giving it a connection to the valley landscape of the Lahn. The fracture zone opening here into the basin from the south, the "Idsteiner Senke" (hollow), is locally known along the Emsbach, which empties into the Lahn, by the name "Goldener Grund" (“Golden Ground”), a reference to the favourable climate and fruitful soil (loess). The northern part of the community around Münster belongs geologically to the Lahn Basin, which is known for its mineral wealth from the Middle Devonian. Of special importance here was iron ore mining. The nearest towns are Bad Camberg (5 km to the south) and Limburg (15 km to the northwest).

Neighbouring communities

Selters borders in the north on the communities of Villmar and Weilmünster (both in Limburg-Weilburg), in the east on the community of Weilrod (Hochtaunuskreis), in the south on the town of Bad Camberg, in the southwest on the community of Hünfelden, and in the west on the community of Brechen (all three in Limburg-Weilburg).

Constituent communities

Selters has four "Ortsteile", given here with their population figures:

"Selterswasser"

In the centre of Niederselters is found a productive mineral spring, which gives "Selterswasser" its name.

The Selters spring was first mentioned in 772. In 1581, the city physician of Worms, Jakob Theodor Tabernaemontanus, dedicated ten pages to the Niederselters acidic spring in his spring chronicle "Neuw Wasserschatz", thereby laying the groundwork for the spring’s fame and the subsequent development of a distinguished resort business.

Besides the rather unimportant taking of the waters, the Electorate of Trier ran a quickly growing water shipping business, sending the water in crocks from the "Kannenbäckerland" (a small nearby region in the Westerwaldkreis, well known for its ceramics) to Scandinavia, Russia, North America, Africa and even, as confirmed for the year 1791, as far as Batavia in the Dutch East Indies. From the placename “Selters” on the crocks then soon arose the name “Selters Water” as a brandname for mineral water of worldwide repute. The Duchy of Nassau took over Niederselters as a welcome source of income and further expanded the export business. After the duchy was annexed by Prussia in 1866, the water’s name was changed to "Königlich-Selters" (“Royal Selters”), and when the monarchy ended, the water was given yet another name, "Staatsquelle Niederselters" (“Niederselters State Spring”). The state of Hesse, as Prussia’s legal successor, sold the spring in 1970, whereafter it changed owners ever more quickly, and in 1999 the bottling at the fountain in Niederselters was shut down. Since 2001, the community of Selters has owned the spring.

Politics

Community council

The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:

Economy and infrastructure

Transport

Selters is linked to the long-distance road network by the Bad Camberg interchange on the A 3 (Cologne–Frankfurt) some 5 km away to the south. Furthermore, "Bundesstraße" 8 runs through Niederselters.

The centre of Niederselters has a railway station on the "Main-Lahn-Bahn".

Education

For the community of Selters there is the "Goldener Grund" "Mittelpunktschule" (“midpoint school”, a central school, designed to eliminate smaller outlying schools) in Niederselters, which houses primary school, Hauptschule and Realschule programmes. The outlying centre of Haintchen also has its own primary school. For secondary school there is the "Taunusschule" in Bad Camberg. Also, some students from Selters also attend school in Limburg an der Lahn.

Public institutions

* Katholischer Kindergarten Eisenbach (Catholic)
* Gemeindeeigener Kindergarten Haintchen (municipal)
* Evangelischer Kindergarten Münster (Evangelical)
* Katholischer Kindergarten Niederselters (Catholic)

* Eisenbach Volunteer Fire Brigade, founded 1905 (includes Youth Fire Brigade)
* Haintchen Volunteer Fire Brigade, founded 1932 (includes Youth Fire Brigade)
* Münster Volunteer Fire Brigade, founded 1933 (includes Youth Fire Brigade)
* Niederselters Volunteer Fire Brigade, founded 1884 (includes Youth Fire Brigade)

Jehovah’s Witnesses

The centre of the German branch of the Jehovah's Witnesses is found under the name "Wachtturm Bibel- und Traktatgesellschaft der Zeugen Jehovas e.V. " (“Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of the Jehovah’s Witnesses”) in the community of Selters in the Taunus. Since 1979, some 1,050 members of the religious group have been living and working in Niederselters in, among other places, printshops, translation offices, organizational and logistical departments and also workshops in the community that is somewhat like a religious order.

External links

*dmoz|World/Deutsch/Regional/Europa/Deutschland/Hessen/Landkreise/Limburg-Weilburg/Städte_und_Gemeinden/Selters,_Taunus|Selters


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