- Sacrospinous ligament
Name = Sacrospinous ligament
Latin = ligamentum sacrospinosum
GraySubject = 80
Caption = Articulations of pelvis, anterior view, with greater sciatic foramen (labeled in red) and its boundaries.
Caption2 = Articulations of pelvis. Posterior view.
The sacrospinous ligament (small or anterior sacrosciatic ligament) is thin, and triangular in form; it is attached by its apex to the
ischial spine, and medially, by its broad base, to the lateral margins of the sacrumand coccyx, in front of the sacrotuberous ligamentwith which its fibers are intermingled.
It is in relation, anteriorly, with the
Coccygeus muscle, to which it is closely connected; posteriorly, it is covered by the sacrotuberous ligament, and crossed by the internal pudendal vessels and nerve.
Its upper border forms the lower boundary of the
greater sciatic foramen; its lower border, part of the margin of the lesser sciatic foramen.
Its main function is to prevent posterior rotation of the ilia with respect to the sacrum. Laxity of this ligament alomg with the sacrotuberous ligament allows for this posterior rotation to occur. Stresses to these ligaments occur most often when leaning forward or getting out of a chair.
* - "Posterior view of the bones and ligaments of the hip joint."
* [http://oac.med.jhmi.edu/Weblec/Weblec01/lec18.html Johns Hopkins]
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