- Hermann Müller (politician)
Chancellor of Germany
June 8 1920 June 28 1928– March 27 1930
Gustav Bauer Wilhelm Marx
Konstantin Fehrenbach Heinrich Brüning
birth_date =birth date|1876|5|18|mf=y
death_date =death date and age|1931|3|20|1876|5|18|mf=y
spouse= Frieda Tockus (d. 1905); Gottliebe Jaeger
Audio|Hermann Müller.ogg|Hermann Müller (
May 18, 1876– March 20, 1931), born in Mannheim, was a German Social Democratic politician who served as Foreign Minister (1919-1920), and twice as Chancellor of Germany(1920, 1928-1930) under the Weimar Republic. In his capacity as Foreign Minister, he was one of the German signatories of the Treaty of Versaillesin 1919.
Müller's father was a champagne producer who died in 1892. In 1902 he married Frieda Tockus. They had one daughter, Annemarie, in 1905; however, Tockus died several weeks later, due to complications from the pregnancy. He remarried in 1909, and the following year his daughter Erika was born.
While Chancellor in 1920 he participated in
racistcomplaints about the French use of Senegalese troops in the occupation of Frankfurt [Speech made inthe [reichstag, 12 April, 1920,"Verhandlungen der verfassungsgebenden Deutschen National-versammlung, Vol. 333: Stenographische Berichte von der15 Sitzung", Berlin (1920)]
His second government was the last Weimar government to actually command a majority of the Reichstag, but its "Grand Coalition" fell apart as a result of disputes between the Social Democrats and
German People's Partyover budgetary issues as a result of the onset of the Great Depression. Müller had strongly argued against his party's decision to leave the government, but was overruled. His death the next year following a gallbladderoperation was seen as a major blow to the Social Democrats. He is buried in the Zentralfriedhof Friedrichsfelde.
Cabinet March 1920 - June 1920
*Hermann Müller (
SPD) - Chancellor and Foreign Minister
Erich Koch-Weser(DDP) - Vice Chancellor and Interior Minister
Andreas Blunck(DDP) - Justice Minister
Joseph Wirth(Z) - Finance Minister
Robert Schmidt(SPD) - Economics Minister
Andreas Hermes(Z) - Food Minister
Alexander Schlicke(SPD) - Labour Minister
Otto Gessler(DDP) - Defence Minister
Johannes Bell(Z) - Transportation Minister
Johannes Giesberts(Z) - Postal Minister
Gustav Bauer(SPD) - Treasury Minister
Eduard David(SPD) - Minister without Portfolio
*April 10, 1920 - Dr.
Adolf Köster(SPD) succeeds Müller as Foreign Minister. Müller remains Chancellor.
*May 1, 1920 -
Gustav Bauersucceeds Bell as Transportation Minister. Bauer remains Treasury Minister.
Cabinet June 1928 - March 1930
*Hermann Müller (SPD) - Chancellor
Gustav Stresemann(DVP) - Minister of Foreign Affairs
Carl Severing(SPD) - Minister of the Interior
Erich Koch-Weser(DDP) - Minister of Justice
Rudolf Hilferding(SPD) - Minister of Finance
Julius Curtius(DVP) - Minister of Economics
Hermann Dietrich(DDP) - Minister of Food
Rudolf Wissell(SPD) - Minister of Labour
Wilhelm Groener- Minister of Defence
Theodor von Guérard(Z) - Minister of Transport and Occupied Territories
Georg Schätzel(BVP) - Postal Minister
*February 6, 1929 - Schätzel succeeds von Guérard as Transportation Minister. Schätzel remains Postal Minister. Severing succeeds von Guérard as Occupied Territories Minister. Severing remains Interior Minister.
*April 13, 1929 - Von Guérard succeeds Koch-Weser as Justice Minister.
Adam Stegerwald(Z) succeeds Schätzel as Transportation Minister. Schätzel remains Postal Minister. Joseph Wirth(Z) succeeds Severing as Occupied Territories Minister. Severing remains Interior Minister.
*October 3, 1929 - Stresemann dies. Curtius succeeds him as Foreign Minister.
*November 11, 1929 - Dr.
Paul Moldenhauer(DVP) succeeds Curtius as Economics Minister. Curtius remains Foreign Minister.
*December 21, 1929 - Hilferding resigns as Finance Minister.
*December 23, 1929 - Moldenhauer becomes Finance Minister.
Robert Schmidt(SPD) succeeds him as Economics Minister.
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