Hermann Müller (politician)

Hermann Müller (politician)

Infobox Chancellor
name=Hermann Müller

order=Chancellor of Germany
term_start =March 27
term_end =June 8 1920
June 28 1928–March 27 1930
predecessor =Gustav Bauer
Wilhelm Marx
successor =Konstantin Fehrenbach
Heinrich Brüning
birth_date =birth date|1876|5|18|mf=y
birth_place =Mannheim
death_date =death date and age|1931|3|20|1876|5|18|mf=y
death_place =Berlin
spouse= Frieda Tockus (d. 1905); Gottliebe Jaeger

Audio|Hermann Müller.ogg|Hermann Müller (May 18, 1876 – March 20, 1931), born in Mannheim, was a German Social Democratic politician who served as Foreign Minister (1919-1920), and twice as Chancellor of Germany (1920, 1928-1930) under the Weimar Republic. In his capacity as Foreign Minister, he was one of the German signatories of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.

Müller's father was a champagne producer who died in 1892. In 1902 he married Frieda Tockus. They had one daughter, Annemarie, in 1905; however, Tockus died several weeks later, due to complications from the pregnancy. He remarried in 1909, and the following year his daughter Erika was born.

While Chancellor in 1920 he participated in racist complaints about the French use of Senegalese troops in the occupation of Frankfurt [Speech made inthe [reichstag, 12 April, 1920,"Verhandlungen der verfassungsgebenden Deutschen National-versammlung, Vol. 333: Stenographische Berichte von der15 Sitzung", Berlin (1920)]

His second government was the last Weimar government to actually command a majority of the Reichstag, but its "Grand Coalition" fell apart as a result of disputes between the Social Democrats and German People's Party over budgetary issues as a result of the onset of the Great Depression. Müller had strongly argued against his party's decision to leave the government, but was overruled. His death the next year following a gallbladder operation was seen as a major blow to the Social Democrats. He is buried in the Zentralfriedhof Friedrichsfelde.

Cabinet March 1920 - June 1920

*Hermann Müller (SPD) - Chancellor and Foreign Minister
*Dr. Erich Koch-Weser (DDP) - Vice Chancellor and Interior Minister
*Dr. Andreas Blunck (DDP) - Justice Minister
*Dr. Joseph Wirth (Z) - Finance Minister
*Robert Schmidt (SPD) - Economics Minister
*Dr. Andreas Hermes (Z) - Food Minister
*Dr. Alexander Schlicke (SPD) - Labour Minister
*Dr. Otto Gessler (DDP) - Defence Minister
*Dr. Johannes Bell (Z) - Transportation Minister
*Johannes Giesberts (Z) - Postal Minister
*Gustav Bauer (SPD) - Treasury Minister
*Dr. Eduard David (SPD) - Minister without Portfolio

*April 10, 1920 - Dr. Adolf Köster (SPD) succeeds Müller as Foreign Minister. Müller remains Chancellor.
*May 1, 1920 - Gustav Bauer succeeds Bell as Transportation Minister. Bauer remains Treasury Minister.

Cabinet June 1928 - March 1930

*Hermann Müller (SPD) - Chancellor
*Dr. Gustav Stresemann (DVP) - Minister of Foreign Affairs
*Carl Severing (SPD) - Minister of the Interior
*Dr. Erich Koch-Weser (DDP) - Minister of Justice
*Dr. Rudolf Hilferding (SPD) - Minister of Finance
*Dr. Julius Curtius (DVP) - Minister of Economics
*Dr. Hermann Dietrich (DDP) - Minister of Food
*Rudolf Wissell (SPD) - Minister of Labour
*Wilhelm Groener - Minister of Defence
*Theodor von Guérard (Z) - Minister of Transport and Occupied Territories
*Dr. Georg Schätzel (BVP) - Postal Minister

*February 6, 1929 - Schätzel succeeds von Guérard as Transportation Minister. Schätzel remains Postal Minister. Severing succeeds von Guérard as Occupied Territories Minister. Severing remains Interior Minister.
*April 13, 1929 - Von Guérard succeeds Koch-Weser as Justice Minister. Adam Stegerwald (Z) succeeds Schätzel as Transportation Minister. Schätzel remains Postal Minister. Joseph Wirth (Z) succeeds Severing as Occupied Territories Minister. Severing remains Interior Minister.
*October 3, 1929 - Stresemann dies. Curtius succeeds him as Foreign Minister.
*November 11, 1929 - Dr. Paul Moldenhauer (DVP) succeeds Curtius as Economics Minister. Curtius remains Foreign Minister.
*December 21, 1929 - Hilferding resigns as Finance Minister.
*December 23, 1929 - Moldenhauer becomes Finance Minister. Robert Schmidt (SPD) succeeds him as Economics Minister.


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