- Benno Landsberger
Early life and education
He was born in Friedek (Austrian
Silesia) and from 1908 studied Oriental Studies at Leipzig. Amongst his teachers were August Fischerin Arabicand Heinrich Zimmern in Assyriology. In 1914 Landsberger joined the Austrian Army, where he fought with distinction on the Eastern Front, winning a golden Distinguished Service Cross. He returned to Leipzig after the war and was appointed to the position of 'extraordinary professor" in 1926. In 1928 he was appointed successor to Peter Jensens at Marburg, but returned to Leipzig in 1929 as Heinrich Rooms' successor.
Landsberger was dismissed as a result of the Nazi-era "Law for the Reestablishment of the Tenured Civil Service" [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gesetz_zur_Wiederherstellung_des_Berufsbeamtentums de] which excluded
Jewsfrom government employment. Landsberger accepted a post at the new Turkish University of Ankara, working especially in the area of languages, history and geography. After 1945 he was appointed to the Oriental Instituteof the University of Chicago, where he worked until 1955. During this period he became a naturalized American citizen.
Landsberger was an eminement and groundbreaking scholar, editing many important lexical texts and conducting fundamental linguistic studies. He passed on a Germanic academic tradition that continues today in many countries via his students. He was also known for particularly black humor and a love of cigars and beer.
* "The ritual calendar of Babylonia and Assyria" Leipzig 1914 (thesis) Leipzig Semitic Studies Bd 6, H,
1 February 1915
* "Assyrische Handelskolonien in Kleinasien aus dem dritten Jahrtausend" (Assyrian Commercial Colonies in Asia Minor from the Third Millennium) Leipzig 1925 (Der Alte Orient, Bd. 24. H. 4)
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