Edith Södergran

Edith Södergran

Edith Irene Södergran (April 4, 1892 - June 24, 1923) was a Finland-Swedish poet.

Södergran was born in St Petersburg on April 4, 1892, the daughter of Matts and Helena Södergran. When Edith was a few months old, the family bought a summer home in the village Raivola on the Karelian Isthmus, where Edith was to spend most summers. At the age of 10, she started school at "Die deutsche Hauptschule zu S:t Petriin" in St Petersburg, where she stayed until 1909.

In 1907, Edith's father died from tuberculosis and in the following year, Edith was also diagnosed with the disease. She was sent to a sanatorium, but did not feel at ease there. The feelings of captivity caused by the disease and the sanatorium are a recurring theme in her poetry.

In October 1911, Edith and her mother traveled to Arosa in Switzerland where Edith was examined by different doctors. After a few months, she was transferred to the Davos-Dorf sanatorium. In May 1912, her condition had improved enough for her to return home. Eventually, the disease returned and Edith Södergran died in 1923 in her home in Raivola. She was 31 years old. Edith Södergran's home went on to be destroyed during World War II.

Södergran did not receive much recognition in her lifetime, but is now regarded one of Finland's foremost poets and is considered to be one of the greatest modernist poets of the Nordic countries. She was the first Finland-Swedish modernist and was influenced by French symbolism, German expressionism and Russian futurism. Her poems are characterised by a free rhythm and a gentle intimacy that makes them easily accessible to the reader. Her first work, Poems, include some of her best known love poems, inspired by a failed love affair which affected her deeply. Her later work changed from the gentleness of these to include strong, prophetic imagery that shocked critics. Her last work, "The land that is not", is a collection of resigned, intimate poems written close to the end of her life. They were assembled by the author Hagar Olsson and published posthumously.

Quotations

"The inner fire is the most important thing mankind possesses."

Works by Edith Södergran

*"Dikter" (Poems, 1916)
*"Septemberlyran" (1918, The September Lyre)
*"Rosenaltaret" (The Rose Altar, 1919)
*"Framtidens skugga" (1920, Shadow of the Future).
*"Landet som icke är" (The land that is not, 1925)

Works in English:
*"Complete Poems" (1984) translated by David McDuff.
*"Love & Solitude, selected poems by Edith Södergran." Bilingual centennial edition. Translated by Stina Katchadourian. Fjord Press, 1992.
*"Poems by Edith Södergran" translated by [http://www.gounilbrown.com Gounil Brown] , Icon Press.

External links

* [http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/sodergra.htm Kuusankoski Public Library, Finland]
* [http://runeberg.org/authors/sodrgran.html Project Runeberg]
* [http://virtual.finland.fi/netcomm/news/showarticle.asp?intNWSAID=25780 Virtual Finland]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Edith Södergran — circa 1918. Edith Irene Södergran (* 4. April 1892 in Sankt Petersburg; † 24. Juni 1923 in Raivola/Karelien) war eine finnlandschwedische Dichterin und Schriftstellerin. Edith Södergran gilt als Begründerin des finnlandschw …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edith Södergran — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edith Södergran Edith Södergran circa 1918 Nombre Edith Irene Södergran …   Wikipedia Español

  • Edith Sodergran — Edith Södergran Edith Södergran Photographie d’Edith Södergran, vers 1918. Naissance 4 avril 1892 Saint Pétersbourg …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edith Södergran — Photographie d’Edith Södergran, vers 1918. Naissance 4 avril 1892 Saint Pétersbourg …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edith Södergran — (San Petersburgo, 1892), poeta fino sueca, pionera de la poesía en sueco en Finlandia. Su impacto en la poesía nórdica, especialmente en el modernismo finlandés de los años veinte fue significativo en lo que se refiere a la liberación del verso… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Södergran — Edith Södergran circa 1918. Edith Irene Södergran, (* 4. April 1892 in Sankt Petersburg; † 24. Juni 1923 in Raivola/Karelien), war eine finnlandschwedische Dichterin und Schriftstellerin. Edith Södergran gilt als Begründerin des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SÖDERGRAN (E.) — SÖDERGRAN EDITH (1892 1923) On s’accorde à dire qu’Edith Södergran fut le «Rimbaud du Nord», l’apôtre du modernisme scandinave. Cette Finno Suédoise morte de tuberculose à trente et un ans traversa le ciel de Finlande comme un météore; elle… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Edith — ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Namenstage 2 Herkunft und Bedeutung 3 Gedenktage 4 Varianten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Södergran — Södergran,   Edith Irene, finnische Lyrikerin schwedischer Sprache, * Sankt Petersburg 4. 4. 1892, ✝ Raivola (heute Roschtschino, bei Sankt Petersburg) 24. 6. 1923; die metrisch freien, reimlosen Gedichte (»Dikter«, 1916) der schon 1908 an… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sodergran, Edith — (1892 1923)    A Finland Swedish poet, Sodergran had a short life that is exceptional not only for its events, but largely because those events provided her with experiences that were expressed with remarkable emotional intensity in her poetry.… …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

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