Seanchaí

Seanchaí

A "seanchaí" (IPA-ga|ˈʃan̪ˠəxiː or IPA| [ʃan̪ˠəˈxiː] - plural: "seanchaithe" IPA| [ˈʃan̪ˠəxɪhɪ] ) is a traditional Irish storyteller. A commonly encountered English spelling of the Irish word is shanachie.

The word "seanchaí", which was spelled "seanchaidhe" before the Irish-language spelling reform of 1948, means a bearer of "old lore" ("seanchas"). In the ancient Celtic culture, the history and laws of the people were not written down but memorized in long lyric poems which were recited by bards ("filí"), in a tradition echoed by the "seanchaithe".

The traditional art

The "seanchaithe" made use of a range of storytelling conventions, styles of speech and gestures that were peculiar to the Irish folk tradition and characterized them as practitioners of their art. Although tales from literary sources found their way into the repertoires of the "seanchaithe", a traditional characteristic of their art was the way in which a large corpus of tales was passed from one practitioner to another without ever being written down.

Because of their role as custodians of an indigenous non-literary tradition, the "seanchaithe" are widely acknowledged to have inherited – although informally – the function of the "filí" of pre-Christian Ireland.

Some "seanchaithe" were itinerants, traveling from one community to another offering their skills in exchange for food and temporary shelter. Others, however, were members of a settled community and might be termed "village storytellers."

The distinctive role and craft of the "seanchaí" is particularly associated with the Gaeltacht (the Irish-speaking areas of Ireland), although storytellers recognizable as "seanchaithe" were also to be found in rural areas throughout English-speaking Ireland. In their storytelling, some displayed archaic Hiberno-English idiom and vocabulary distinct from the style of ordinary conversation.

Modern times

Members of the Celtic Revival such as Padraic Colum took a great interest in the art of the "seanchaí", and through them the stories that they told were written down, published, and distributed to a global audience.

At events such as mummers' festival in New Inn, County Galway, and the All-Ireland Fleadh Ceoil storytellers who preserve the stories and oratory style of the "seanchaithe" continue to display their art and compete for awards. Eddie Lenihan is one notable modern-day "seanchaí", based in County Clare, Ireland.

Podcast

Since 1 January 2005, Patrick E. McLean has written and produced a podcast under the title "The Seanachaí". While the name is an interesting nod to the Irish story-telling tradition, elements such as the creation of completely original stories, the telling of stories without the use of distinctive hand gestures, and much of McLean's subject matter (such as superheroes) mark it out as a descendant of the folk tradition rather than a continuation of it.

Other uses of the term

Since the Scots speak essentially the same Gaelic language as the Irish and since they originally migrated from Ireland, it is not surprising that the term "seanchaí" has been applied to traditional storytellers in Scotland as well. All uses ultimately have their roots in the traditional poets attached to the households of ancient Gaelic nobility.

References

* Padraig Colum, editor, "A Treasury of Irish Folklore".
* Frank DeLaney, "Ireland."
* Patricia A. Lynch, Joachim Fischer, and Brian Coates, "Back to the Present: Forward to the Past--Irish Writing and History since 1798".
* [http://www.theseanachai.com/ The Seanachai Homepage]
* Video of a Seanchai: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BzP4FM3WqwY&feature=related


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chris Byrne — For other people named Christopher Byrne, see Christopher Byrne (disambiguation). Chris Byrne co founded the band Black 47 with Larry Kirwan in 1989. Before and for some years after forming the band, Byrne was a New York City Police officer.… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish Rebel Music — („Irische Rebellenmusik“) ist ein Subgenre von Irish Folk, die häufig mit identischen Musikinstrumenten gespielt wird; allerdings hat diese Lyrik den irischen Nationalismus zum Gegenstand. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2 Jüngste Zeit 3 Bekannte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of Irish ballads — The following are often sung Irish folk ballads. The songs are arranged by theme under two main categories of Political and Not Political and are not necessarily contemporary to the events to which they relate.Songs may fit into more than one… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish rebel music — is a sub genre of Irish folk music, with much the same instrumentation, but with lyrics predominantly concerned with Irish nationalism, and especially the struggle for independence from British rule. The tradition of rebel music in Ireland dates… …   Wikipedia

  • Edmund Lenihan — (born 1950), also known as Eddie Lenihan, is an Irish author, storyteller, lecturer and broadcaster. [cite book| last = Lenihan| first = Eddie| authorlink =| coauthors = Carolyn Eve Green| title = Meeting the Other Crowd | subtitle = The Fairy… …   Wikipedia

  • Éamon a Búrc — (1866 ndash;1942) was a tailor and legendary Irish storyteller or seanchaí .Born to an Irish speaking family in Carna, County Galway, Ireland, Éamon a Búrc, was brought by his parents to Graceville, Minnesota in 1880. Their passage was paid for… …   Wikipedia

  • Storytelling — is the ancient art of conveying events in words, images, and sounds often by improvisation or embellishment. Stories or narratives have been shared in every culture and in every land as a means of entertainment, education, preservation of culture …   Wikipedia

  • Black 47 — Infobox musical artist Name = Black 47 Img capt = Img size = Landscape = Background = group or band Alias = Origin = United States Genre = Rock, Celtic punk, Celtic rock Years active = 1989 ndash;present Label = EMI, Mercury, Shanachie Associated …   Wikipedia

  • Warrnambool, Victoria — Infobox Australian Place | type = city name = Warrnambool state = vic caption = Location of Warrnambool in Victoria (red) pop = 30,392 (2006)Census 2006 AUS | id = 2025 | name = Wangaratta (Statistical District) | accessdate = 2007 10 01 | quick …   Wikipedia

  • Listowel — Infobox Place Ireland name = Listowel gaeilge = Lios Tuathail crest | status = Heritage Town map pin coords = left: 90px; top: 28px north coord = 52.446594 west coord = 9.486179 irish grid = Q988338 area = elevation = province = Munster county =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”