- Beef Shorthorn
The Beef Shorthorn breed of
cattlewas developed from the Shorthornbreed. The Shorthorn was originally developed as a dual purpose breed, suitable for both dairy and beef production. However different breeders opted to concentrate on one purpose rather than the other, and in 1958 the beef breeders started their own section of the herdbook. Since then the Beef Shorthorns have been developed as a separate breed to the Dairy Shorthorns.
By the early 1970s the Beef Shorthorn breeders were concerned that their cattle were too small, and lacked
muscle, especially when compared with the continental breeds of cattle - like the Charolais or Limousin - that were starting to be introduced to the UK. To help remedy this, in 1976 the Beef Shorthorn Cattle Society sanctioned the introduction of Maine-Anjoublood into the breed. The Maine-Anjou breed was developed in France, and was descended from the same Durham cattle as the Shorthorn had been developed from. The decision to introduce Maine-Anjou blood into the Beef Shorthorn breed was very controversial at the time, however most breeders now acknowledge that it was a necessary step which saved the breed from irrelevance. The herd book was closed to Maine-Anjoublood lines in 2001, except by introduction through the Grading Register.
It is not considered at risk by the
Rare Breeds Survival Trustsince there are more than 1500 registered breeding females in the United Kingdom. [http://www.rbst.org.uk/watch-list/main.php Rare Breeds Survival Trust watch list] accessed 21st May 2008]
* [http://www.shorthorn.co.uk/beef_shorthorn_2007/thebreed.html Beef Shorthorn Cattle Society]
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