Mack Trucks

Mack Trucks

Infobox Company
company_name = Mack Trucks
company_
company_type = Subsidiary of AB Volvo since 2001
company_slogan = Built like a Mack truck
foundation = 1900
location = Allentown, Pennsylvania
flagicon|USA United States
key_people = Dennis Slagle (CEO) [Press Release: [http://www.macktrucks.com/default.aspx?pageid=2284 "Slagle Named Mack President & CEO"] . - Mack Trucks. - January 15, 2008]
num_employees = 5,037 (2005)
industry = Manufacturing
products = Trucks
revenue =
homepage = [http://www.macktrucks.com/ www.macktrucks.com]

Mack Trucks is one of the world's leading truck-manufacturing companies. It is currently a subsidiary of AB Volvo, Volvo Group. The company's headquarters are in Allentown, Pennsylvania, United States, in the Lehigh Valley.

Operations

Currently, the company's primary manufacturing facilities are located at the Macungie Assembly Operations plant in Macungie, Pennsylvania, and at their New River Valley Assembly Operations in Dublin, Virginia. Mack Trucks is a top producer in the vocational, on-road-vehicle market, Class 8 through Class 13. It is also the most popular manufacturer of heavy-duty off-road trucks in America. The company's distinctive logo, a chrome-plated (sometimes gold-plated) bulldog, can be found on the front of almost all Mack trucks.

Mack trucks have been sold in 45 countries. The Macungie, Pennsylvania, manufacturing plant, located close to its Allentown headquarters, produces the Mack Granite, LE, and MR models, including the construction and refuse series products. In Dublin, Virginia, the Pinnacle and CH highway models are made at the New River Valley assembly plant. Engines, the Maxitorque ES T300 series transmissions, the TC-15 transfer cases, and rear engine power take-offs are designed and manufactured in Hagerstown, Maryland, which, according to local historians, was the original factory location.

Parts for Mack’s right-hand-drive vehicles are produced in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, for worldwide distribution. Assembly for South America is done at Mack de Venezuela C.A., in Caracas, Venezuela. The Venezuela operation is a complete knock down (CKD) facility. Components are shipped from the United States to Caracas, and the plant then does final assembly.

In addition to its Macungie manufacturing facility, Mack also has a remanufacturing center in Middletown, Pennsylvania where it takes used parts and refurbishes them for resale/reuse.

2008 Restructuring Plan

On August 14, 2008, Mack Trucks announced a major restructuring plan that includes:News/Events: [http://www.macktrucks.com/default.aspx?pageid=2601 Mack Plans Restructuring to Increase Competitiveness, Secure Long-Term Leadership Position] . - News Releases 2008. - Mack Trucks. - August 14, 2008. - Retrieved: 2008-08-15]
*Relocate Mack's head office, product development, most support functions, and purchasing functions to Greensboro, North Carolina in 2009
*Assemble of all Mack highway vehicle production in Macungie, Pennsylvania in 2008
*Mack's testing facility in Allentown, Pennsylvania, will be converted into a "customer demonstration/reception center" in 2010
*Restructure the parts distribution network by 2010

History

Corporation timeline

This is a timeline of Mack Trucks history. Most of the information is taken from the Mack History page at MackTrucks.com, unless otherwise noted. [ [http://www.macktrucks.com/default.aspx?pageid=210 Mack History] - Mack Trucks.com Official Website]
*1890: John M. Mack gets a job at Fallesen & Berry, a carriage and wagon company in Brooklyn, New York.
*1893: Mack and his brother, Augustus F. Mack, buy the company John worked for.
*1894: A third Mack brother, William C. Mack, joins his brothers in the company's operations. The Macks try working with steam powered and electric motor cars.
*1900s: Inspired by Orville and Wilbur Wright, Willis Carrier and Henry Ford's inventions, John Mack has a vision, dreaming about producing heavy duty trucks and engines.
*1900: The Macks open their first bus manufacturing plant. The "Mack bus", ordered by a sightseeing company, is delivered.
*1902: The "Mack Brothers Company" established in New York.
*1904: The company introduces the name "Manhattan" on its products.
*1905: Allentown selected as the home of main manufacturing operations, and headquarters. A fourth Mack brother, Joseph Mack, becomes a stockholder. Mack begins to make rail cars and locomotives.
*1910: The "Manhattan" name changed; from now on, the trucks are known as "Mack Trucks". Charles Mack, a fifth Mack brother, joins the company.
*1911: The Saurer Motor Truck Company, headed by C.P. Coleman, had the rights to manufacture and sell heavy trucks under the Saurer brand name at its plant in Plainfield, New Jersey. On September 23, 1911, the Saurer Motor Truck Company merged with the Mack Brothers Motor Car Company of Allentown, headed by J. M. Mack, to form the International Motor Truck Company (IMTC). IMTC would continue to make and sell trucks using the Saurer name until 1918. The capitalization of IMTC was $2.6 million total ($1.6m for Saurer, or 61.5%, and $1.0m for Mack Brothers). ["Motor Truck Merger". - "New York Times". - September 23, 1911. - p.15. - Retrieved: 2008-06-16]
*1912: Brothers John and Joseph Mack leave.
*1919: The United States Army conducts a trans-continental project using Mack Trucks to study the need for national highway systems.
*1922: The company name is changed to Mack Trucks, Inc. The bulldog is accepted as the company's corporate symbol.
*1924: Jack Mack dies in a car crash in Weatherly, Pennsylvania.
*1933: "Mack Trucks" helps in the building of many American structures, including the Hoover Dam.
*1956: Mack Trucks, Inc. buys Brockway Motor Company. (Brockway ceases in 1977)
*1966: Mack begins production at its assembly plant in Oakville, Ontario, Canada. The facility closed in 1993.
*1967: "Mack Trucks" becomes a part of the "Signal Oil and Gas Company". Later that year Signal changes its name to "The Signal Companies, Inc."
*1970: Mack moves into its new Allentown world headquarters.
*1979: Renault buys 10% of Mack Trucks, Inc.
*1982: Renault increases ownership stake to 20%, Signal lowers its stake to 10%.
*1983: Mack Trucks does a 15.7 million share IPO of common stock. Renault increases holdings to 40%, while Signal reduces its stake to 10.3%.
*1987: Renault reorganizes; Renault Véhicules Industriels buys Renault's Mack shares.
*1990: Mack Trucks become a wholly owned subsidiary of Renault Véhicules Industriels
*2001: Mack together with Renault Véhicules Industriels becomes part of Volvo AB of Sweden, the parent company Renault S. A. receives a 20% stake in the combined company. (In 2002 Renault Véhicules Industriels changes its name to Renault Trucks.)
*2006: Mack has a record sale year.
*2008: Mack announces relocation of corporate headquarters to Greensboro, North Carolina.
*2008: Mack owner Volvo AB of Sweden is fined US$4million after a combined [http://www.sec.gov/litigation/litreleases/2008/lr20504.htm US Federal Bureau of Investigation/Department of Justice/Securites and Exchange Commission investigation] into bribery allegations relating to abuse of the United Nations 'Oil For Food' program during the regime of Saddam Hussein in Iraq. According to papers filed by federal investigators, one of Volvo AB's other subsidiaries, Renault Trucks, paid kickbacks to the Iraqi Government in return for vehicle orders by arranging for sub-contractors to artificially inflate invoices for vehicle body customization work. The sub-contractors then passed on the surplus money to the Iraqi Government in direct contravention of United Nations restrictions.

Market, model and products timeline



right|thumb|250px|Mack 6x4 N-model 4-to-6 ton wrecker; (photo dated15 May 1941: National Archives c/o Olive-Drab.com)This is a timeline of Mack Trucks history. Most of the information is taken from the Mack History page at MackTrucks.com, unless otherwise noted. [ [http://www.macktrucks.com/default.aspx?pageid=210 Mack History] - Mack Trucks.com Official Website]

*1909: A "junior model" 1-1/2 ton truck is introduced.
*1910: Mack delivers the first motorized hook and ladder firetruck used by the city of Morristown, New Jersey.
*1914: The Mack ABs are introduced.
*1916: The Mack ACs are introduced. Ultimately, over 40,000 of these models are sold.
*World War I: Mack delivers over 6,000 trucks, both to the United States and Britain's military. A legend surfaces that British soldiers would call for "Mack Bulldogs" to be sent when facing adversity.
*1918: Mack becomes the first manufacturer to apply air cleaners and oil filters to their trucks.
*1920: Mack Trucks are the first with power brakes on their trucks.
*1922: International Motors Company develops gasoline-driven passenger railcar for the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. A standard passenger railcar on top of a standard motor truck chassis, seating between 36 to 50 passengers, at a cost of $16,500. The car operates in a ten-mile stretch between New Haven, and Derby, Connecticut. ["Railroads Cut Off Short Branch Lines". - "New York Times". - January 15, 1922. - p.102]
*1927: Mack's BJ and BB models built.
*1932: The Bulldog starts to "travel" on the hoods of Mack trucks.
*1936: The Mack E series introduced. "Mack Jr" trucks introduced.
*1938: Mack trucks is the first company to produce its own heavy-duty diesel engines.
*World War II: Mack trucks were used by the military in various capacities, and the company built many heavy-duty trucks to help the allied forces win the day. From 1941 to 1945, the combined armed forces of the United States, Great Britain, France, and Canada took delivery of 35,096 total vehicles. The combat "N Series" (NB, NJU, NM, NO, NR, etc.) accounted for 26,965 of the total. Commercial type vehicles including: trucks, off-highway, fire-trucks, trailers, and buses, accounted for the rest. A total of 2,053 NO models alone were produced from 1940 to 1945. The 6x6 7-yard/2-­ton NO was the most important specifically military model, and could be used as a transport or tractor for the 155 mm Long Tom field gun. Mack also built over 2600 power trains for tanks. The Allentown bus plant (5C) built Vultee PBY Catalina flying boats as well as components for the BT-13 Valiant Trainer and B-24 Liberator Bombers. More than 700 NJU (5-to-6 ton 4x4) models were in the hands of the U.S. Army by 1942. In 1939 & 1940 the French and British received several hundred NR4 and EXBU models.
*1950: The "Mack A Model" series of trucks is introduced, produced until 1953.
*1953: The "Mack B Model" series of trucks is introduced. 127,786 produced until 1966.
*1955: The "D Model" low cab forward city delivery truck entered the market. Access to the engine compartment was possible by the "Verti-lift" cab. The cab lifted straight up hydraulically, guided by a forklift style mast behind the cab. Two styles of "D Models" were produced, the first styling had a square grille and no dress up trim. It was produced in 1955 and early 1956. The second styling included a styled grille, cab rear corner windows and stylish emblems and trim. The second styling was build from mid 1956 until the end of the D Model in 1958. A total of 832 "D Model" Mack Trucks were produced from 1955 until 1958.
*1956: City of Hamilton, Bermuda buys first diesel-power fire truck (B85F).
*1959: The first aluminum rivetted construction COE (cab-over-engine) family of trucks is introduced: The "G Model" which had a short production due to a striking resemblance to the Kenworth COE and Mack having the F Model ready for production.Fact|date=June 2008 A total of 2181 "G Model" Mack Trucks were produced from 1959 until 1962.
*1962: The Second of the COE (cab-over-engine) family of trucks is introduced: The "F Model" all steel sleeper (FL) or non sleeper (F) is the first of this family of models for Mack.
*1965: Mack releases the "Super Pumper System", to be used by the New York City fire department. It would help put out 2,200 fires.
*1965: The "R Model Series" introduced, to replace the "B Model Series".
*1966: The "RL" (for R-Western) model built at Hayward, California until 1981.
*1969: Mack patents the cab air suspension.
*1975: Macungie plant opens, build the "Cruise-Liner" series until 1983.
*1977: "Super-Liner" introduced, production runs for 15-years until 1993.
*1978: Introduction of the low-cab-forward urban "MC"/"MR" series.
*1979: Medium-duty model "Mid-Liner" introduced, built by Renault Véhicules Industriels in France
*1982: Production of the "MH Ultra-Liner" model begins.
*1988: Mack introduces the "CH" series for highway applications.
*1989: E7 engine replaces E6 engine
*1990: The R Model was in production until 1990. The RB and RD remained in production after that until being replaced by the Granite.
*1994: Mack introduces the "LE" (low entry) refuse vehicle.
*1998: Electronic Unit Pump (EUP) replaces electronic fuel injection pump
*1999: A new premium highway tractor is introduced: the "Vision by Mack".
*2001: Medium-duty "Freedom" series introduced (built by Renault Trucks in France like its predecessor, the Mid-Liner series).
*2001: "Granite" series for construction applications introduced.
*2003: Mack pulls out of the medium-duty market and discontinues the Freedom series.
*2005: Mack stops producing the DM model, the last Mack that used the R-Model cab, the RB was also discontinued at the beginning of 2005. In some countries the DM is the most popular truck for construction use.
*2006: Introduction of Pinnacle highway vehicle it is which was the replacement for the Vision highway product.
*2007: A new product line is introduced to include Models LEU and MRU amongst others.
*2007: Introduction of US07 compliant engines in all of its trucks.Fact|date=June 2008
*2008: In March Titan was introduced. A HD duty model with the 16-liter big-block MP10, the largest ever 6-cylinder engine from Mack, with 515, 565, and 605 horsepower models. ["Mack to Launch its Biggest Model -- TITAN": [http://www.macktrucks.com/assets/mack/Bulldog/MCKTRK_BullDogMag08V1.pdf "Bulldog"] . - 2008-Volume 1. - p.9. - (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document). - Retrieved: 2008-06-02] [Product Brochure: [http://www.macktrucks.com/assets/mack/products/Titan/MCKTRK_TitanBro.pdf Titan] . - Mack Trucks. - (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document). - Retrieved: 2008-06-02]

Products

Current models

North America

:List of current models produced for the North American market. [ [http://www.macktrucks.com/assets/mack/BullDogLnBro2007.pdf "Mack Bulldog Line"] . - Mack Trucks. - (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document). - Retrieved: 2008-06-08] [ [http://www.macktrucks.com/default.aspx?pageid=2 Products] . - Mack Trucks. - Retrieved: 2008-06-08]
*Construction Series:
**Granite
***Granite Axle Back
**TerraPro Cabover

*Heavy Duty:
**Titan

*Highway Series:
**Pinnacle:
***Pinnacle Sleepers
***Pinnacle Axle Forward
***Pinnacle DayCab
***Pinnacle Rawhide
**Smartway
*Refuse Series:
**TerraPro Cabover
**TerraPro Low Entry
**Granite Axle Back
**Granite

*Military:
**Granite Armored Line Haul

Australia, New Zealand, & South Africa

:List of current models produced for the Australian, New Zealand, and South African market at the Wacol, Queensland factory. [ [http://www.macktrucks.com.au/index.cfm?MenuID=298 New Breed Range] . - Mack Trucks Australia. - Retrieved: 2008-06-08] [Hill, Liezel. - [http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article.php?a_id=71268 "Volvo, Mack team up for SA market"] . - "Engineering News". - July 27, 2005. - Retrieved: 2008-06-08]
*Granite
*Metro-Liner
*Super-Liner
*Titan
*Trident
**Trident Axle Forward
**Trident Axle Back

Fire apparatus products

Mack Trucks produced fire apparatuses from 1911 until 1990. [cite web | url = http://capecodfd.com/PAGES%20Special/Macks1.htm | title = Cape Cod Fire Department:Mack Fire Apparatus | accessdate = 2006-10-04] Despite the abrupt shutdown of their production, many apparatuses have been refurbished and still serve with various fire departments throughout the world.

Some examples of Mack fire apparatus:
* MC611F12 pumper
* MR686P aerial trucks
* MR686S 90' Bronto aerial truck
* MR690S 100 aerial truck
* MR688P pumper
* MS Midliner pumper
* CF-611 series cab-forward apparatus
* CF-700 series attack engine

R/RB, U, RD, DM-Models

Mack started to produce the R and U Model in the early 1960s, for highway use, and the RD and DM Models for construction use. The 4 models featured the same cab, the U and DM had the cab offset to the left, and the early RD and DM had 3-piece steel hoods. They later had 1-piece hoods, the RD had a new hood and the DM the U hood. In the late 1980s, the R and U Models were discontinued, the RB was introduced, mostly for severe-duty applications it is, and the hood was slightly modified.

2002 was the last year for the RD, and 2005 for the RB and DM, the DM being the last one to be discontinued, it was the last model to use this cab, and the last model of this family that was produced. As a replacement for the construction models, Mack started to offer the Granite, Granite Bridge-Formula and Granite Axle-back, however, they feature a centered cab, and which is not offset like the DM.

Maxidyne engine

In the early 1960s, Mack Truck's executive vice president of product and engineering, Walter May, developed the Maxidyne high-torque rise engine. The engine was first available in the 1968 model year trucks. This was an industry-changing event. The Maxidyne allowed a heavy Class 8 truck to be operated with a 5 speed (Maxitorque) transmission. Previously, heavy trucks were typically equipped with 10 or more gears.

Other products

*MP Engine Series

Trademark

The company's trademark is the Bulldog. Mack trucks earned this nickname in 1917, during World War I, when the British government purchased the Mack AC model to supply its front lines with troops, food and equipment. British soldiers dubbed the truck the "Bulldog Mack", because they said it had "the tenacity of a bulldog." Its pugnacious, blunt-nosed hood, coupled with its incredible durability, reminded the soldiers of the tenacious qualities of their country's mascot, the British Bulldog. [http://www.macktrucks.com/default.aspx?pageid=255 History: 1910-1919] . - Mack Trucks. - Retrieved: 2008-06-08] [ [http://www.volvo.com/NR/rdonlyres/49984B5E-34D4-4B73-B0EE-12F593B18A69/0/overview_2005.pdf "Mack Trucks, Inc. Company Overview"] . - Volvo Group. - (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document). - Retrieved: 2006-10-31]

The logo was first used in 1921 for the AB chain drive models and made the official corporate logo in 1922. [http://www.macktrucks.com/default.aspx?pageid=256#1922 History: 1920-1929] . - Mack Trucks. - Retrieved: 2008-06-08]

Leadership

This is a list of the highest ranking executive officer of Mack Trucks since its inception:

References

ee also

*List of Mack Trucks Products

External links

* [http://www.macktrucks.com/ Mack Trucks Official Web Site]
* [http://www.bigmacktrucks.com/ BigMackTrucks.com - Antique, Classic & Modern Mack Truck Support Forum]
* [http://www.hankstruckpictures.com/mack.htm Mack Truck Pictures (Hank's Truck Pictures)]
* [http://www.flickr.com/groups/macktrucks Mack Trucks Group Images On Flickr]


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