Hinge joint

Hinge joint

Infobox Anatomy
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Caption = 1: Ball and socket joint; 2: Condyloid joint (Ellipsoid); 3: Saddle joint; 4 Hinge joint; 5: Pivot joint;

Caption2 = Metacarpophalangeal articulation and articulations of digit. Ulnar aspect.
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DorlandsPre = g_05
DorlandsSuf = 12390770
In the hinge joint ("ginglymus"), the articular surfaces are moulded to each other in such a manner as to permit motion only in one plane, forward and backward, the extent of motion at the same time being considerable.

The direction which the distal bone takes in this motion is seldom in the same plane as that of the axis of the proximal bone; there is usually a certain amount of deviation from the straight line during flexion.

The articular surfaces are connected together by strong collateral ligaments, which form their chief bond of union.

The best examples of ginglymus are the interphalangeal joints and the joint between the humerus and ulna; the knee- and ankle-joints are less typical, as they allow a slight degree of rotation or of side-to-side movement in certain positions of the limb.

Similar objects around you that work like hinged joints are door hinges, closet doors, etc.

The knee - and ankle-joints are not 90 degree turnable.

ee also

* Interphalangeal articulations of hand
* Interphalangeal articulations of foot

External links

* [http://www.pt.ntu.edu.tw/hmchai/Kinesiology/KINmotion/JointStructionAndFunciton.htm Diagram at ntu.edu.tw]
* http://anatomy.med.umich.edu/modules/joints_module/joints_16.html


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hinge joint — Hinge Hinge, n. [OE. henge, heeng; akin to D. heng, LG. henge, Prov. E. hingle a small hinge; connected with hang, v., and Icel. hengja to hang. See {Hang}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The hook with its eye, or the joint, on which a door, gate, lid, etc …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hinge joint — n. a joint between bones that permits motion in only one plane, as the knee joint …   English World dictionary

  • hinge joint — hinj n a joint between bones (as at the elbow or knee) that permits motion in only one plane esp GINGLYMUS * * * see ginglymus * * * ginglymus …   Medical dictionary

  • hinge joint — noun 1. a freely moving joint in which the bones are so articulated as to allow extensive movement in one plane • Syn: ↑ginglymus, ↑ginglymoid joint • Hypernyms: ↑synovial joint, ↑articulatio synovialis, ↑diarthrosis • Hyp …   Useful english dictionary

  • hinge joint — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms hinge joint : singular hinge joint plural hinge joints medical a joint (= part in the body where two bones meet) that allows movement up and down in one direction only, for example a knee joint or an elbow… …   English dictionary

  • hinge joint — lankstinė jungtis statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. hinge joint; socket joint; turning joint vok. Gelenkkupplung, f rus. шарнирное соединение, n pranc. articulation, f; joint à charnière, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • hinge joint — noun Date: 1802 a joint between bones (as at the elbow) that permits motion in only one plane …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hinge joint — (Subclass Copepoda): In male, modified joint in midregion of geniculate type of antennule to fold down on basal half, antennule serves as grasping organ during copulation [Stachowitsch, 1992] …   Crustacea glossary

  • hinge joint — Anat. ginglymus. [1795 1805] * * * …   Universalium

  • Hinge joint — Скрепление (вклейки, сторонки) с блоком с помощью фальчика …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

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