- Grüssau Abbey
Grüssau Abbey ( _de. Abtei Grüssau) is a house of the
Benedictine Orderin Bad Wimpfen, Germany. The community was formerly located in Krzeszów ("Grüssau"), Poland, and is thus also known as Krzeszów Abbey.
8 May 1242, the monastery at Grüssau in Lower Silesiawas founded by Ann of Bohemia, widow of Duke Henry II the Pious, for Benedictine monks. In 1289 Duke Bolko I of Świdnicagave it to the Cistercians, who consecrated the new abbey church in 1292. The abbey was destroyed during the Hussite Warsand again during the Thirty Years' War, and rebuilt on both occasions. It was particularly connected with the Silesian mystic Angelus Silesius. It was secularised by Prussia in 1810 during the Napoleonic Wars. The church became a parish church and the remaining premises were used for various governmental purposes within the Province of Silesia.
World War Ithe German monks of the Emaus Abbeyin Prague, Czechoslovakia, were obliged to leave the city, they resettled in 1919 in the empty monastery buildings at Grüssau in Weimar Germany. The monastery was suspended by the Nazi government during World War II, however.
The territory was placed under Polish administration according to the post-war
Potsdam Conference. Although the monastery was returned to the monks after the end of the war, as ethnic Germans the monks were expelled from Silesia by the Polish government shortly afterwards on 12 May 1946.
In 1946 a mysterious convoy called at the monastery and loaded thousands of manuscripts — autographed scores of Mozart (¼ of his known music), Beethoven, Bach and other composers — and disappeared.
In 1947 the expelled community under Abbot Albert Schmitt occupied the former "Ritterstift" (collegiate foundation or canonry) of St. Peter's in Bad Wimpfen,
Baden-Württemberg, and became known as Kloster Bad Wimpfen. The last abbot, Laurentius Hoheisel, resigned in 1997. As the membership of the community had declined too far for it to be legally independent, it has been directed from 2001 by the abbot of Neuburg Abbeynear Heidelberg.
By the autumn of 2006 no monks remained, the last having moved to Neuburg, although Kloster Bad Wimpfen still remains nominally a Benedictine monastery and is still a member of the
Beuron Congregationwithin the Benedictine Confederation. A small community (consisting at the end of 2006 of a priest and a layman) maintain the facilities as a Benedictine guest house and venue for retreats, under the management of Neuburg Abbey.
* [http://www.abtei-gruessau.eu Friends of Grüssau Abbey] de icon
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