The Hindu varna (class) system, a Vaishya (Sanskrit वैश्य "vaiśya") is a member of the third of the four classes of traditional Indian society. It comprises merchants, artisans, and cultivators. A person born into a Brahmin/Kshatriya/Vaishya family becomes twice-born (dvija) when he undergoes upanayanam, initiation into Vedic education or education helping him master those parts of the four Vedas concerning his occupation. They are the third in the caste system and are the merchants and traders.Fact|date=February 2007.


The word derives from the root "vishal" meaning "to live". Latin villa and the English "wich", as in Greenwich, are also cognate to this word. In Buddhist literature, they are termed as Grihapati.The sanskrit and hindi word "vishva" which means "The Universe" is also formed from the word "vish".

Sri Krishna in Bhagwat Gita says 'CHATUR VARNA MAYA SRISTIM GUNA KARMA VIBHAG SHAH' He says that on the inquiry of self realization, people undergo different step by step stages of awareness, and with it comes purity in their character. There are four steps or divisions of 'varna' according to ones' state of identifying with the self. SHUDRA (KAM)- VAISHYA (ARTH)- Kshatriya(DHARMA) and BRAHMAN (MOXA)

VAISHYA are those whose mind is engaged by the VISHAYA. VISHAYA means, subject or specialization or professional knowledge. Physics, Chemistry, Technology, Law, Economics, Politics, Management are example of the Vishaya. Another term for VISHAYA is ARTH or meaning, or knowledge behind every object, ego or positions of power. Vishaya contains VISH or poison because mind under influence of a subjects get anxiety, and insatiable demand of changes and controls. It is said that consumers of VISHAYA are intoxicating; and specialists for example, try always to wield more power and control in their hand. They are unfaithful or without a discretion because knowledge of subjects/specialization gives them a power and flexibility to evolve and experiment with every new object, subjects and in relationships.

Over a period, these 'professional' or practicing specialists or experts came to organize themselves as a community. Their system of work is called VYAVSAYA or acts of business by mutual free will, and not by force. VAISHYA is most popular form of a market society. The color associated with this Varna is yellow, symbolizing Rajas/Tamas, meaning quality in general. Some traditional north Indian surnames for Vaishyas are Gupta, Bhuti, Agarwal, Garg.

According to the Manu-smriti, the Vaishyas arose from the belly of Brahma.

Vaishya Varna

*Arya Vysyas
*Omar Banias
*Kalinga Vysyas
*Baisya Sahas
*Batham Vaishyas

ee also

*Forward Castes
*Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar
*Social cycle theory
*Tarkhan (tribe)
*List of Arya Vaishya people

External links

* - Non-Resident Indian Vysya Association based in North America
* - Online Arya Vysya Matrimony

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  • Vaishya —    Vaishya is the term used in the ancient fourfold class (VARNA) system of India for the common peo ple, including merchants and agriculturists. The earlier VEDIC term was Vish, from which the term Vaishya derived. They were “twice born” as were …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Vaishya — (Sanskrit, वैश्य, m. vaiśya, f. vaiśyā) ist im indischen Kastensystem die Bezeichnung für die aus Kaufleuten, Händlern, Geldverleihern und Großgrundbesitzern bestehende dritte Kaste (Varna) der traditionellen vier Kasten. Die Kaste bildete sich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • vaishya — ● vaishya nom masculin (mot sanskrit signifiant les gens du commun) Troisième des grandes catégories du système des castes, en Inde, constituée de groupes aux activités productives (agriculture, commerce) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vaishya — Third highest of the four varnas of India. Traditionally described as commoners, Vaishyas are connected with productive labour, such as trade, agriculture, and pastoralism. According to legend, they sprang from the thighs of Prajapati, after the… …   Universalium

  • Vaishya — or Vaisya noun Etymology: Sanskrit vaiśya, from viś settlement; akin to Greek oikos house more at vicinity Date: 1665 a Hindu of an upper caste traditionally assigned to commercial and agricultural occupations …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Vaishya — Les vaiśya, (वैश्य, lié au clan, aussi ârya) désigne les membre d une des quatre varnas (varṇa, वर्ण, « couleur ») qui se compose d artisans, commerçants, hommes d affaires, agriculteurs et bergers. Voir aussi Hindouisme Système de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vaishya — noun a) The third caste of traditional Indian society, comprising merchants and landowners. To perform successfully in the marketplace, vaishyas had to be ambitious, to want worldly goods, and to compete aggressively with their rivals, and this… …   Wiktionary

  • vaishya — La tercera de las cuatro varnas (castas) de India. Tradicionalmente descritos como plebeyos, los vaishyas están relacionados con el trabajo productivo como el comercio, la agricultura y el pastoreo. Según la leyenda surgieron de los muslos de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vaishya — Vaish|ya [ vaiʃja] <aus sanskr. vaíśya, vgl. ↑Waischja> svw. ↑Waischja …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • vaishya — vaish·ya …   English syllables

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