Battle of Lorraine

Battle of Lorraine

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Lorraine

caption= French heavy cavalry on the way to battle, Paris, August 1914.
partof=World War I
date=14-25 August, 1914 (major combat)
result=German victory
combatant1=flagicon|France France
combatant2=flagicon|German Empire German Empire
commander1=flagicon|France Auguste Dubail,
flagicon|France Noel de Castelnau
commander2=flagicon|German Empire Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria,
flagicon|German Empire Josias von Heeringen
strength1= French I and II Armies (6 Corps)
strength2= German VI Army (6 corps)
German VII Army (3 Corps)
total: 345,000 men

The Battle of Lorraine was fought in August, 1914, between France and Germany. This followed Plan XVII, which proposed a French offensive through Lorraine and Alsace, and into Germany itself.

French Offensive

The main French offensive in the west, known as the Battle of Lorraine, was launched on 14 August. The First Army of General Auguste Dubail was to advance on Sarrebourg, while the Second Army of General de Castelnau headed towards Morhange. On the 17th, the XXth Corps (General Foch) captured Château Salins near Morhange, while Sarrebourg was captured on the 18th. However, after four days of retreat in order to lure the french armies into German territory, the German Sixth and Seventh Armies under the combined command of Crown Prince Rupprecht launched a counter-attack; Rupprecht was in charge of the German forces assigned to meet and engage the French assault in the centre until they could be enveloped by the encircling German right wing. The German rearguards, equipped with machine guns, inflicted heavy casualties on the French infantry, still wearing their early 19th-century uniform of blue coat and red trousers.

German Counteroffensive

Crown Prince Rupprecht, dissatisfied with the defensive role assigned to him, petitioned his superiors to allow him a counter-offensive. On August 20, the offensive began and Auguste Dubail ordered his army to withdraw from Morhange. Seeing this, Noel de Castelnau's army pulled out of Sarrebourg. The Germans didn't halt at the border and instead marched on to try to take Nancy. Ferdinand Foch's XX Corps managed to defend Nancy successfully, halting the German offensive. To the north, Mulhouse was retaken, but it was abandoned as the French gave up on Plan XVII.

The battle lapsed into stalemate until August 24th, when a limited German offensive was launched. The French had been alerted beforehand by scouting aircraft and so German gains were limited to a small salient. The following day, even that was lost when the French counterattacked. Fighting continued on to the end of the month, at which time trenches were built and a permanent stalemate ensued.


*cite book|title=The Guns of August|author=Tuchman, Barbara|year=1962|id=ISBN 0-333-69880-0|publisher=Constable

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of the Frontiers — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of the Frontiers caption=German infantry marching through a burning village. partof=the Western Front of World War I date=14 ndash;24 August, 1914 place=Lorraine, the Ardennes and southern Belgium… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of France — Part of the Western Front of the Second World War Clockwise from top left: German …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Konzer Brücke — Part of the Franco Dutch War Date 11 August 1675 Location Konz, near Trier (present day Germany) …   Wikipedia

  • Lorraine Hunt Lieberson — (March 1 1954 ndash; July 3 2006) was a renowned American soprano then mezzo soprano, originally from the San Francisco Bay Area. [ New York Times obituary, July 2006 [ r=1 scp=2… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Marignano — Part of the War of the League of Cambrai Contemporary depiction of the battle, attributed to the Maître à la Ratière …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Mang Yang Pass — Part of the First Indochina War Date June 24 July 17, 1954 Location Mang Yang, Vietnam …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Dong Khe — Part of the First Indochina War Date September 15 September 18, 1950 Location Dong Khe, Vietnam Result …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Nancy — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Nancy partof=the Burgundian Wars caption= Rene takes the town of Nancy , by Pierre Jacobi date=5 January 1477 place=Outside the walls of Nancy, France result=Decisive Lorraine victory, Death of Charles …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Leuthen — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Leuthen colour scheme=background:#cccccc caption=Frederick s forces march around the hills to attack the Austrian flank. partof=the Seven Years War place= Leuthen, Prussian Silesia, present day Poland… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Hohenfriedberg — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Hohenfriedberg caption=Battle of Hohenfriedberg, Attack of the Prussian Infantry , by Carl Röchling. Oil on canvas. partof=the Second Silesian War of the War of the Austrian Succession date=4 June,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”