1901 in Australia

1901 in Australia

Infobox Australian year
year = 1901
monarch = Queen Victoria, then Edward VII
governor-general = John Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun
pm = Edmund Barton
population = 3,788,123
australian =
elections = Federal, New South Wales, Western Australia

"See also:"
1900 in Australia,
other events of 1901,
1902 in Australia and the
Timeline of Australian history.


*Monarch – Queen Victoria (until 22 January), then Edward VII
*Governor GeneralJohn Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun
*Prime MinisterEdmund Barton


*Premier of New South WalesWilliam Lyne (until March 28), then John See
*Premier of South AustraliaFrederick Holder (until 15 May), then John Jenkins
*Premier of QueenslandRobert Philp
*Premier of TasmaniaElliott Lewis
*Premier of Western AustraliaSir John Forrest (until 15 February), George Throssell (until 27 May), George Leake (until 21 November), Alf Morgans (until 23 December), then George Leake
*Premier of Victoria – Sir George Turner (until 12 February), then Alexander Peacock


*Governor of New South WalesWilliam Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp (until 30 April)
*Governor of VictoriaGeorge Clarke (from 10 December)
*Governor of QueenslandCharles Cochrane-Baillie, 2nd Baron Lamington (until 19 December)
*Governor of South AustraliaHallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson
*Governor of Western AustraliaArthur Lawley
*Governor of TasmaniaArthur Havelock (from 8 November)


* January 1 – The Constitution of Australia comes into force, as the federation of Australia is complete. John Adrian Louis Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun, is appointed as the first Governor-General, and Edmund Barton as the first Prime Minister.
* March 1 – Following federation naval and military forces of the States are transferred to Commonwealth control.
* March 29 – The first federal election is held to elect the first members of the House of Representatives and the first members of the Senate.
* March 31 – A national census is held, which indicates the population of Australia is 3,773,801 (excluding Indigenous Australians).
* May 9 – The Parliament of Australia is opened in the Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne.
* May 22 – The foundation stone for St John's Cathedral, Brisbane is laid by the Duke of Cornwall and York. the church celebrated 100 years of construction in 2006 and is only gothic-style stone building under construction anywhere in the world.
* September 3 – The Flag of Australia and Australian Red Ensign are adopted by the Government of Australia as official flags, following a national design competition.
* December 21 - Construction begins on the rabbit-proof fence.
* December 23 – The "Immigration Restriction Act 1901" comes into force, instituting the White Australia Policy.


*February 6Victoria wins the Sheffield Shield.
*September 28Essendon beats Collingwood 6.7 (43) to 2.4 (16) in the 1901 VFL grand final.
*November 5 – "Revenue" wins the Melbourne Cup.


*March 27Kenneth Slessor (d. 1971), poet
*September 25Gordon Coventry (d. 1968), Australian rules footballer who played for Collingwood


* January 10Sir James Dickson (b. 1832), Premier of Queensland and Federal Minister for Defence
* June 20Alexander Forrest (b. 1849), explorer, surveyor and politician
* August 8William Groom (b. 1833), publican, newspaper proprietor and member of parliament
* November 30Edward John Eyre (b. 1815), explorer

ee also


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