Infobox City Lebanon
official_name = Bteghrine
native_name = بتغرين
image_size = 300px
image_caption = Overlooking Bteghrine (2005)
governorate = Mount Lebanon Governorate
district = Matn District
leader_title = President
leader_name = Mirna Michel el-Murr
leader_title1 = Vice President
leader_name1 = Emile Murad Saliba
leader_title2 = Mayors
leader_name2 = Nejm Elias Saliba
Elias Hanna Saliba
lat_deg = 33
lat_min = 55
lat_sec = 48
lat_hem = N
lon_deg = 35
lon_min = 44
lon_sec = 42
lon_hem = E
elevation_m = 950
mapx = 33.93
mapy = 35.745
Bteghrine ( _ar. بتغرين, also spelled Bteghrin and Btighrin) is a
municipalityin the Matn Districtof the Mount Lebanon Governorateof Lebanon.
The exact origin of the name "Bteghrine" is unknown, but possibilities include "Place of Warriors", "Place of Rocks", and "House of the Saddest" - references to a large battle in the area around
1290that resulted in thousands of deaths. [ [http://www.bteghrine.com/history.htm "History of Bteghrine"] . Retrieved November 11, 2006.] This date corresponds closely with the end of Christian rule in the region and the rise of the Mamluks– a period which saw numerous battles in the area, including a 1291rebellion by the Shi'aand Druzeagainst the Mamluks in Keserwan, the district on the northern border of the Matn. [Library of Congress. [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/lbtoc.html "A Country Study: Lebanon"] . Retrieved November 29, 2006.]
Bteghrine is located at coord|33.93|N|35.745|E|type:city_scale:20000. It is bordered by
Mount Sannineto the east, Wadi el-Jamajemto the north, Jiwarto the west, and Khoncharato the south. The municipality is composed of seven neighborhoods and four outlying areas.
* Haret al-Ain
* Haret al-Dara
* Haret al-Shahara
* Haret al-Shawyee
* Haret al-Ssaha
* Haret al-Wata
* Haret Ali
There are several springs used for both
drinking waterand agriculutural purposes in Bteghrine. The four primary springs are Aassal, Manboukh, Mir, and Sparta.
Bteghrine is situated on a rocky hillside, but supports a thriving, self-sufficient agriculture. Most of the land within the city and the surrounding hills, including the
Meisreeand Bsefrinedistricts, was fully terraced to make it more suited for planting. The most common fruitsand vegetablesgrown in Bteghrine are: figs, grapes, mulberry, plums, apples, peaches, persimmon, pomegranate, cherries, tomatoes, cucumber, parsley, mint, wheat, and beans. Small shops in the town process much of the local produceinto arak, molasses, wine, and preserves.
The [http://www.bteghrine.com/SNS.htm Saliba Nail and Screw factory] is the largest single plant in Bteghrine. Additionally, the town has a large number of small shops for blacksmithing, woodworking, car repair and bodywork, leather tailoring, and aluminum manufacturing. The city also enjoys a full set of services including three gas stations, a supermarket, dry cleaner, several specialty and general stores, a large bakery, several bookstores, several clinics, many restaurants, and one hotel. Bteghrine also hosts the central telephone station for the upper Metn region.
There is one public school in the town named Bteghrine Public School, and one private
The inhabitants of Bteghrine are almost all
Christians, predominantly Greek Orthodoxand Melkite Greek Catholic.
* St. George – Greek Orthodox.
* St. Michael – Greek Orthodox.
* St. Elias – Greek Orthodox.
* Notre Dame – Greek Catholic.
Elias Murr– Lebanese Deputy Prime Ministerand Defense Minister
Gabrielle Bou Rached– Miss Lebanon 2005
George Hawi– former Secretary General of the Lebanese Communist Party, assassinated June 21, 2005by a bomb planted under his car
* Greg Simon (Saliba) – current President of the
Washington, D.C.based think tank FasterCures, Chief Domestic Policy Advisor to former Vice President Al Gorefrom 1993to 1997
Michel Murr– former Lebanese Minister of the Interior
Antonious Saliba- Orthodox Priest in the 1800s who has had miracles attributed to them. Currently in process for sainthood.
Naseeb Saliba- Co-founder of the Tutor-Saliba Corporation, one of the largest construction companies in the United States. Responsible for the construction of LAX, SFO, The Olympic Stadium in Los Angeles, among many others major United States landmarks.
George A. Saliba- CTO of multi-billion dollar Quantum Corp.Currently has over 100 patents (published or in process) and is internationally recognized as an industry pioneer and inventor in data storage.
Gabriel Murr– former Lebanese Minister of the Interior( July 26 1948– October 10 1949)
* [http://www.bteghrine.com/ www.bteghrine.com]
* [http://www.informs.gov.lb/EN/Directory/Addressdetails.asp?ID=1518&CTYPE=21 Lebanese Government Portal for Information & Forms - Municipality of Bteghrine]
* [http://www.tutorsaliba.com/ www.tutorsaliba.com]
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