 Material properties (thermodynamics)

The thermodynamic properties of materials are intensive thermodynamic parameters which are specific to a given material. Each is directly related to a second order differential of a thermodynamic potential. Examples for a simple 1component system are:
 Compressibility (or its inverse, the bulk modulus)

 Isothermal compressibility
 Adiabatic compressibility
 Specific heat (Note  the extensive analog is the heat capacity)

 Specific heat at constant pressure
 Specific heat at constant volume
 Coefficient of thermal expansion
where P is pressure, V is volume, T is temperature, S is entropy, and N is the number of particles.
For a single component system, only three second derivatives are needed in order to derive all others, and so only three material properties are needed to derive all others. For a single component system, the "standard" three parameters are the isothermal compressibility β_{T}, the specific heat at constant pressure c_{P}, and the coefficient of thermal expansion α.
For example, the following equations are true:
The three "standard" properties are in fact the three possible second derivatives of the Gibbs free energy with respect to temperature and pressure.
Sources
The Dortmund Data Bank is a factual data bank for thermodynamic and thermophysical data.
See thermodynamic databases for pure substances.
References
Callen, Herbert B. (1985). Thermodynamics and an Introduction to Thermostatistics (2nd Ed. ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0471862568.
Categories: Thermodynamics
 Thermodynamics stubs
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