- Cable landing point
A cable landing point is the location where a submarine or other underwater cable makes landfall. The term is most often used for the landfall points of submarine telecommunications cables and
submarine power cables. The main cable is joined to a side cable (in the case of telecommunications this is via a submarine branching unit).
Cable landing points are usually carefully chosen to be in areas:
# that have little marine traffic to minimise the risk of cables being damaged by ship anchors and trawler operations;
# with gently sloping, sandy or silty sea-floors so that the cable can be buried to minimise the chance of damage;
# without strong currents that would uncover buried cables and potentially move cables.
Such locations are rare, and will usually be the shared landfall point for several cable systems. Examples are:
Widemouth Bay, near Budein Cornwall, the UK, where several submarine telecommunications cables come ashore:
Blaabjerg, Denmark, where the following cables come ashore:
Changi, Singapore, where the following cables come ashore:
Frequently, there will be a nearby cable landing station, or cable termination station, which may well be shared between multiple cable systems, but in some cases, the cable may be laid many miles inland before reaching its termination point.
A cable landing station may or may not be required, depending on whether, for example, the submarine cable requires power to power submarine repeaters or amplifiers. The voltages applied to the cables can be high—3,000 to 4,000 volts for a typical trans-Atlantic telecommunications cable system, and 1,000 volts for a cross-channel telecommunications cable system. Submarine power cables can operate at many kilovolts: for example, the
Fenno-Skanpower cable operates at 400 kV.
A cable termination station is the point at which the submarine cable connects into the land-based infrastructure or network. A cable termination station may be the same facility as the cable landing station, or may be many miles away. The termination station will usually be the point where high-capacity 'backhaul' land-based network connects to areas of high demand, which are usually centres of high population density, rather than the usually remote locations of cable landing points/landing stations/termination stations.
* [http://www.kidorf.com/DBLandings.php Comprehensive list of cable landing sites globally]
List of international submarine communications cables
List of domestic submarine communications cables
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