- Limenitis arthemis
name = Limenitis arthemis
image_width = 250px
image_caption = Red-spotted Purple ("Limenitis arthemis astyanax")
status = NE
status_system = IUCN3.1
genus = "
species = "L. arthemis"
binomial = "Limenitis arthemis"
binomial_authority = (Drury,
synonyms = "Basilarchia arthemis"
"Limenitis arthemis" is a
North American brush-footed butterfly, common throughout much of the eastern United States. It has red spots on its underwing. The top of the wings are notable for their iridescent blue markings.
*"Limenitis arthemis arthemis" - (American) White Admiral ("see also
*"Limenitis arthemis rubrofasciata" - Western (American) White Admiral, characterised by the absence of blue spots on its inferior wings.
*"Limenitis arthemis astyanax" and "Limenitis arthemis arizonensis" - Red-spotted Purple or Red-spotted Admiral, both characterised by the absence of white bands on their wings.
The White Admiral ("Limenitis arthemis arthemis") is, since a poll in October 1998, the (unofficial) insect emblem of the province of
Québec, Canada. (See Quebec symbols and emblems for further details). It is the only sub-species of "Limenitis arthemis" present in Quebec.
The Red-spotted Purple is a mimic of the poisonous
Pipevine Swallowtail("Battus philenor") and is typically found in open woodlands and along forest edges.
Preferred host plants:
birches, including " Betula lenta"; Salicaceae, including "Salix bebbiana" and " Populus tremuloides", and " Prunus virginiana" ( Rosaceae).
Also but not as often: "
Crataegus", " Amelanchier", " Malus pumila", " Prunus pensylvanica" and " Prunus serotina" (Rosaceae), " Populus deltoides", "P. grandidentata" and "P. balsamifera" (Salicaceae), " Alnus rugosa", " Betula alleghaniensis" and " Carpinus caroliniana" (Betulaceae), " Ulmus americana" (Ulmaceae), " Tilia americana" (Malvaceae) and " Fagus grandifolia" (Fagaceae).
diurnal, they fly from the morning until soon after dusk (Fullard & Napoleone 2001).
New Latin"of harbours", from Ancient GreekΛιμενιτις (from λιμήν, a harbour, haven) - an epithetof Artemis, goddess of the hunt and the wild. "arthemis", from Artemis. [The Century Dictionaryby The Century Company. Available online at [http://www.leoyan.com/century dictionary.com/index.html] .]
In popular culture
The poem "Unconscious came a beauty" by
May Swensonmentions the "Red spotted purple" (or the similar looking Mourning cloak) - a butterfly that makes her pause in her writing. The poem is also a word-picture or iconograph, where the lines are laid out to look like a butterfly.
* (2001): Diel flight periodicity and the evolution of auditory defences in the Macrolepidoptera. "Animal Behaviour" 62(2): 349–368. doi|10.1006/anbe.2001.1753 [http://www.erin.utoronto.ca/~w3full/reprints/FullNapolDielAB.pdf PDF fulltext]
* (1999): "Papillons du Québec". Broquet. ISBN 2-89000-486-4
* [http://www.cirrusimage.com/butterfly_red-spotted_purple.htm Red-Spotted Purple: Reference large format diagnostic photographs from Cirrus Digital Imaging]
* [http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/distr/lepid/bflyusa/wi/24.htm White Admiral]
* [http://www.oznet.ksu.edu/johnson/hort/Butterfly/RedSpottedPurple.htm Life cycle with photographs] of the Red-Spotted Purple ("Limenitis arthemis astyanax").
* [http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20q?search=Limenitis+arthemis_astyanax Pictures of the different subspecies] from * [http://www.discoverlife.org/ Discover Life] .
* [http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Limenitis_arthemis.html Limenitis arthemis] at "Animal Diversity Web"
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