- Edward du Cann
Sir Edward Dillon Lott du Cann, (born
28 May 1924) was a British Conservative politician.
Du Cann was educated at
Colet Court, Woodbridge Schooland St. John's College, Oxford. He became a company director.
In 1951, du Cann contested Walthamstow West without success, and failed to win at Barrow-in-Furness in 1955. He was elected as
Member of Parliamentfor Taunton in a 1956 by-election.
Du Cann was
Economic Secretary to the Treasuryfrom 1962 and Minister of Stateat the Board of Trade1963-64. He was Chairman of the Conservative Partyfrom 1965 to 1967 and was Chairman of the 1922 Committeefrom 1972 until 1984.
Two years into his Chairmanship of the 1922 Committee, Du Cann played an influential part in the events surrounding the elevation of
Margaret Thatcherto the leadership of the Conservative Party. Following two narrow defeats for the Conservatives at the polls in February and October 1974, significant disquiet in the party had emerged about the leadership of Edward Heath, who had by then lost three elections as leader. This was given direction on October 14, 1974, when the executive of the 1922 Committee met at Du Cann's home amidst a good deal of press attention. This was soon followed by a more public meeting of the executive at Du Cann's offices at Keyser Ullman on Milk Street where it was decided that the Committee would press Heath to hold a leadership election. The location of this meeting led to Fleet Street nicknaming the attendees, "The Milk Street Mafia."
Alec Douglas Home, at Heath's request, considered the procedures for a leadership election, there was some speculation that Du Cann would himself stand as a representative of the party's right wing against Heath. However by the time Douglas Home reported back in December 1974, events had intervened. The devastating collapse of the banking boom had swept up Du Cann's firm, Keyser Ullman, in its path and Du Cann did not put himself forward as a candidate in the leadership contest. This released key support for Margaret Thatcher, especially as another potential right wing candidate, Keith Joseph, had already withdrawn from any leadership calculations following a series of controversial speeches on social policy.
Consequently, after defeating Heath in the first round, Thatcher emerged triumphant in the second round in early 1975, defeating a number of other candidates who would play significant roles in her subsequent premiership. [ Phillip Whitehead, "The Writing On The Wall - Britain In The Seventies" (London: Michael Joseph, 1985), pp. 326-7.]
In the last week of the 1975 referendum on British membership of the [European Economic Community] , du Cann came out against British membership. [David Butler and Uwe Kitzinger, "The 1975 Referendum" (London: Macmillan, 1976), pp. 173-4.]
Du Cann was chairman of the Public Accounts Committee between 1974-79.
He retired from the House of Commons in 1987.
He succeeded Lord Duncan-Sandys as Chairman of
He was instrumental in creating a scholarship programme for
rugby leagueplayers at Oxford University. [http://www.ourlfc.org/scholarship]
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